Enclosures of the VLT
Night Falls at Paranal — Preparing for the Observations
The enclosures of the four VLT telescopes, ANTU, KUEYEN, MELIPAL and YEPUN (left to right), with the first stars in the sky, above the glow at the western horizon. (Photo obtained on March 23, 2000).
Astronomical observations begin soon after sunset at Paranal.
Normally, they start with a series of test and calibration exposures that serve to determine the exact status of the various instruments, e.g., in terms of sensitivity at different wavelengths.
Some of these exposures are performed on a white target on the inside of the telescope enclosure, others are made on the sky, as it gets progressively darker.
If they are included in a programme, observations of comparatively bright objects may be carried out while the sky is still relatively bright. However, those of the faintest objects must wait until the period of "astronomical twilight" is over, i.e., when the Sun is at least 18° below the horizon.Credit:
About the Image
|Release date:||16 June 2000|
|Size:||3000 x 1937 px|
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