Astronomy in Finland
Kalevi Mattila , Merja Tornikoski , Ilkka Tuominen , Esko Valtaoja 
 Observatory, University of Helsinki;  Metsähovi Radio Observatory;
An overview is given of astronomical research in Finland. There are three institutes devoted to Astronomy in general, at the Universities of Helsinki, Oulu, and Turku, and a Radio Astronomy Observatory at the Helsinki University of Technology. In addition, Solar system research with space-borne instrumentation is being carried out by the Physics Departments at the Universities of Helsinki and Turku, and by the Finnish Meteorological Institute.
 Astronomy Division, University of Oulu;  Tuorla Obseratory
Full text in pdf