Messenger No. 156 (June 2014)

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Telescopes and Instrumentation

2-6 (PDF)
R. Arsenault et al.
The Adaptive Optics Facility Module GRAAL on its Way to Final Validation

ADS BibCode:
2014Msngr.156....2A
Section:
Telescopes and Instrumentation
Author(s)/Affiliation(s):
Arsenault, R.; Paufique, J.; Kolb, J.; Madec, P.-Y.; Kiekebusch, M.; Argomedo, J.; Jost, A.; Tordo, S.; Donaldson, R.; Suarez, M.; Conzelmann, R.; Kuntschner, H.; Siebenmorgen, R.; Kirchbauer, J.-P.; Rissmann, A.-G.; Schimpelsberger, J.
AA(ESO) AB(ESO) AC(ESO) AD(ESO) AE(ESO) AF(ESO) AG(ESO) AH(ESO) AI(ESO) AJ(ESO) AK(ESO) AL(ESO) AM(ESO) AN(ESO) AO(ESO) AP(ESO)
Abstract:
The VLT Adaptive Optics Facility (AOF) module GRAAL has been developed to provide ground layer adaptive optics correction for the HAWK-I infrared imager. This will improve the limiting magnitude and promote science cases requiring better spatial resolution. The gain in resolution is comparable to selecting a better site for the telescope. The GRAAL wavefront sensor signals are processed by a SPARTA real-time computer that drives the AOF deformable secondary mirror integrated in an upgraded secondary mirror assembly on Yepun, the VLT Unit Telescope 4. The system test phase of GRAAL has started in the integration laboratory in Garching and is described; provisional acceptance is expected to take place at the end of 2014.
References:
Arsenault, R. et al. 2006, The Messenger, 123, 11 Arsenault, R. et al. 2010, The Messenger, 142, 12 Arsenault, R. et al. 2010, Proc. SPIE, 7736, 20 Arsenault, R. et al. 2012, Proc. SPIE, 8447, 0J Arsenault, R. et al. 2013, The Messenger, 151, 14 Bechet, C. 2012, VLT-TRE-ESO-22000-5810, Iss.1 Biasi, R. et al. 2012, Proc. SPIE, 8447, 88 Bonaccini Calia, D. et al. 2011, Second Int. Conf. on AO for ELTs. Online proceedings, id.P39 Kasper, M. et al. 2004, JOSA, 21, 1004 Kissler-Patig, M. 2005, VLT-SPE-ESO-14850-3744, Iss.1 Kuntschner, H. et al. 2012, Proc. SPIE, 8448, 07 Paufique, J. et al. 2012, Proc. SPIE, 8447, 116 Ströbele, S. et al. 2012, Proc. SPIE, 8447, 115 Stuik, R. et al. 2012, Proc. SPIE, 8447, 118
7-11 (PDF)
R. J. Dorn et al.
CRIRES+: Exploring the Cold Universe at High Spectral Resolution

ADS BibCode:
2014Msngr.156....7D
Section:
Telescopes and Instrumentation
Author(s)/Affiliation(s):
Dorn, R. J.; Anglada-Escude, G.; Baade, D.; Bristow, P.; Follert, R.; Gojak, D.; Grunhut, J.; Hatzes, A.; Heiter, U.; Hilker, M.; Ives, D. J.; Jung, Y.; Käufl, H.-U.; Kerber, F.; Klein, B.; Lizon, J.-L.; Lockhart, M.; Löwinger, T.; Marquart, T.; Oliva, E.; Origlia, L.; Pasquini, L.; Paufique, J.; Piskunov, N.; Pozna, E.; Reiners, A.; Smette, A.; Smoker, J.; Seemann, U.; Stempels, E.; Valenti, E.
AA(ESO) AB(Institut für Astrophysik, Georg-August Universität Göttingen, Germany) AC(ESO) AD(ESO) AE(Thüringer Landessternwarte, Tautenburg, Germany) AF(ESO) AG(ESO) AH(Thüringer Landessternwarte, Tautenburg, Germany) AI(Department for Physics and Astronomy, University of Uppsala, Sweden) AJ(ESO) AK(ESO) AL(ESO) AM(ESO) AN(ESO) AO(ESO) AP(ESO) AQ(Department for Physics and Astronomy, University of Uppsala, Sweden) AR(Thüringer Landessternwarte, Tautenburg, Germany) AS(Department for Physics and Astronomy, University of Uppsala, Sweden) AT(Osservatorio di Arcetri (INAF), Firenze, Italy) AU(Osservatorio di Bologna (INAF), Italy) AV(ESO) AW(ESO) AX(Department for Physics and Astronomy, University of Uppsala, Sweden) AY(ESO) AZ(Institut für Astrophysik, Georg-August Universität Göttingen, Germany) BA(ESO) BB(ESO) BC(Institut für Astrophysik, Georg-August Universität Göttingen, Germany) BD(Department for Physics and Astronomy, University of Uppsala, Sweden) BE(ESO)
Abstract:
The CRIRES upgrade project, CRIRES+, transforms this VLT instrument into a cross-dispersed spectrograph to increase the wavelength range that is covered simultaneously by a factor of ten. In addition, a new detector focal plane array of three Hawaii 2RG detectors with a 5.3 μm cut-off wavelength will replace the existing detectors. For advanced wavelength calibration, custom-made absorption gas cells will be added. A spectropolarimetric unit will allow circularly polarised spectra to be recorded. These upgraded capabilities will be all supported by dedicated data reduction software which will allow the community to take full advantage of the new capabilities offered by CRIRES+.
References:
Baade, D. et al. 2009, The Messenger, 136, 20 Delfosse, X. et al. 2013, SF2A-2013: Proc. Annual meeting of the French Society of Astronomy and Astrophysics, ed. Cambresy, L., Martins, F., Nuss, E., Palacios, A., 497 Dorn, R. J. et al. 2006, SPIE, 5499, 510 Dressing, C. D. & Charbonneau, D. 2013, ApJ, 767, 95 Käufl, H. U. et al. 2004, SPIE, 5492, 1218 Paufique, J. et al. 2004, SPIE, 5490, 216 Quirrenbach, A. et al. 2012, SPIE, 8446, 84460R Rayner, J. et al. 2012, SPIE, 8446, 84462C-12
12-15 (PDF)
R. J. Dorn et al.
NAOMI — A New Adaptive Optics Module for Interferometry

ADS BibCode:
2014Msngr.156...12D
Section:
Telescopes and Instrumentation
Author(s)/Affiliation(s):
Dorn, R. J.; Aller-Carpentier, E.; Andolfato, L.; Berger, J.-P.; Delplancke-Ströbele, F.; Dupuy, C.; Fedrigo, E.; Gitton, P.; Hubin, N.; Le Louarn, M.; Lilley, P.; Jolley, P.; Marchetti, E.; Mclay, S.; Paufique, J.; Pasquini, L.; Quentin, J.; Rakich, A.; Ridings, R.; Reyes, J.; Schmid, C.; Suarez, M.; Phan, D. T.; Woillez, J.
AA(ESO) AB(ESO) AC(ESO) AD(ESO) AE(ESO) AF(ESO) AG(ESO) AH(ESO) AI(ESO) AJ(ESO) AK(ESO) AL(ESO) AM(ESO) AN(ESO) AO(ESO) AP(ESO) AQ(ESO) AR(ESO) AS(ESO) AT(ESO) AU(ESO) AV(ESO) AW(ESO) AX(ESO)
Abstract:
The future adaptive optics system for the Auxiliary Telescopes of the Very Large Telescope Interferometer (VLTI), NAOMI, is presented. The NAOMI project will equip the telescopes with a low-order Shack–Hartmann system for the VLTI dual-feed light beams. The key benefits to current and future VLTI instruments and the preliminary design concept are described.
References:
Bonaccini, D. et al. 1997, Proc. SPIE, 3126, 3126–77 Eisenhauer, F. et al. 2011, The Messenger, 143, 16 Koehler, B. et al. 2000, Proc. SPIE, 4006, 13 Reyes Moreno, J. 2012, Proc. SPIE, 8447, 8447A Suárez Valles, M. et al. 2012, Proc. SPIE, 8447, 84472Q

16-20 (PDF)
A. Obereder et al.
Mathematical Algorithms and Software for ELT Adaptive Optics — The Austrian In-kind Contributions for Adaptive Optics

ADS BibCode:
2014Msngr.156...16O
Author(s)/Affiliation(s):
Obereder, A.; Ramlau, R.; Fedrigo, E.
AA(MathConsult GmbH, Linz, Austria) AB(Industrial Mathematics Institute, Johannes Kepler University Linz, Austria) AC(ESO)
Abstract:
The four-year Austrian in-kind project to provide improved algorithms and software for the correction of atmospheric turbulence in adaptive optics (AO) imaging, part of Austria’s contribution to accession to ESO, has just concluded. The project work of the Austrian Adaptive Optics (AAO) team is summarised. Very fast algorithms, which are substantially quicker than previous implementations, have been developed in the fields of single conjugate, multi-conjugate, multi-object and extreme AO. As a result of this project, control of AO systems to achieve the necessary level of correction on extremely large telescopes can become managable with computers of reasonable size and cost.
References:
Rosensteiner, M. 2011, Wavefront reconstruction for extremely large telescopes via CuRe with domain decomposition, J. Opt. Soc. Am. A, 28, 2132 Rosensteiner, M. & Ramlau, R. 2013, The Kaczmarz algorithm for multi-conjugate adaptive optics with laser guide stars, J. Opt. Soc. Am. A, 30, 1680 Shatokhina, I. et al. 2013, Preprocessed cumulative reconstructor with domain decomposition: a fast wavefront reconstruction method for pyramid wavefront sensor, AO, 52, 2640 Yudytskiy, M., Helin, T. & Ramlau, R. 2014, A finite element-wavelet hybrid algorithm for atmospheric tomography, J. Opt. Soc. Am. A, 31, 550 Zhariy, M. et al. 2011, Cumulative wavefront recon- struction for the Shack–Hartmann sensor, Inv. Prob. Imag. 5, 893
21-23 (PDF)
C. Martayan et al.
The X-shooter Imaging Mode

ADS BibCode:
2014Msngr.156...21M
Section:
Telescopes and Instrumentation
Author(s)/Affiliation(s):
Martayan, C.; Mehner, A.; Beccari, G.; Peña, E.; Hummel, W.; Smette, A.; Modigliani, A.; Vernet, J.; Dekker, H.; Neumayer, N.; Mainieri, .; Moehler, S.; Castillo, R.; Riquelme, M.
AA(ESO) AB(ESO) AC(ESO) AD(ESO) AE(ESO) AF(ESO) AG(ESO) AH(ESO) AI(ESO) AJ(ESO) AK(ESO) AL(ESO) AM(ESO) AN(ESO)
Abstract:
X-shooter is a three-arm multi-wavelength (~ 300–2500 nm) medium resolution spectrograph installed on the VLT’s Unit Telescope 3. From April 2014, a complementary imaging mode is offered to the astronomical community. This new observing mode uses the acquisition and guiding camera facility equipped with a set of Johnson and SDSS filters and gives the option of complementing the spectroscopic data with multi-band images and photometry. The main characteristics of the X-shooter imaging mode, an outline of its calibration and a few examples of scientific applications are presented.
References:
Bertin, E. & Arnouts, S. 1996, A&AS, 117, 393 Bertin, E. 2010, Astrophysics Source Code Library, ascl:1010.068 Bertin, E. 2011, Astrophysics Source Code Library, ascl:1110.006 Dotter, A. et al. 2008, ApJS, 178, 89 Mauerhan, J. C. et al. 2013, MNRAS, 430, 1801 Sǿrensen, A. N. et al. 2004, XSH-TRE-DMK- 2200-0007 Vernet, J. et al. 2011, A&A, 536, 105
24-29 (PDF)
M. Arnaboldi et al.
Phase 3 Status and Access to Science Data Products from ESO Public Surveys

ADS BibCode:
2014Msngr.156...24A
Section:
Telescopes and Instrumentation
Author(s)/Affiliation(s):
Arnaboldi, M.; Delmotte, N.; Geier, S.; Mascetti, L.; Micol, A.; Retzlaff, J.; Romaniello, M.
AA(ESO) AB(ESO) AC(ESO) AD(ESO) AE(ESO) AF(ESO) AG(ESO)
Abstract:
By January 2014, the eleven currently ongoing ESO Public Surveys had successfully completed their initial submissions and publication of their science data products through the ESO Science Archive Facility. The submission and validation process for the science data products through the Phase 3 process is summarised. The science data products available in the archive and their usage by the astronomical community are presented in view of the legacy value of these projects.
References:
Arnaboldi, M. et al. 2007, The Messenger, 127, 28 Arnaboldi, M. et al. 2011, The Messenger, 144, 17 Arnaboldi, M. et al. 2013, The Messenger, 154, 18 Wegg, C. & Gerhard, O. 2013, MNRAS, 435, 187

Astronomical Science

31-34 (PDF)
A. Jones et al.
An Advanced Scattered Moonlight Model

ADS BibCode:
2014Msngr.156...31J
Section:
Astronomical Science
Author(s)/Affiliation(s):
Jones, A.; Noll, S.; Kausch, W.; Szyszka, C.; Kimeswenger, S.
AA(Astro and Particle Physics, Leopold Franzens Universität Innsbruck, Austria) AB(Astro and Particle Physics, Leopold Franzens Universität Innsbruck, Austria) AC(Astro and Particle Physics, Leopold Franzens Universität Innsbruck, Austria; Department of Astrophysics, University of Vienna, Austria) AD(Astro and Particle Physics, Leopold Franzens Universität Innsbruck, Austria) AE(Instituto de Astronomía, Universidad Católica del Norte, Antofagasta, Chile; Astro and Particle Physics, Leopold Franzens Universität Innsbruck, Austria)
Abstract:
Correcting and predicting the flux coming from the background sky is a crucial aspect of observational astronomy. We have developed a sky background model for this purpose, and it is the most complete and universal sky model that we know of to date. The largest natural source of light at night in the optical is the Moon, and it is a major contributor to the astronomical sky background. An improved spectroscopic scattered moonlight model, which is applicable from 0.3 to 2.5 μm has been developed and studied with a set of FORS1 spectra and a dedicated X-shooter dataset. To our knowledge, this is the first spectroscopic model extending into the infrared and it has been tested for many lunar phases and geometries of the Moon and target observations.
References:
Bohren, C. F. & Huffman, D. R. 1983, Absorption and scattering of light by small particles, (New York: Wiley VCH) Buton, C. et al. 2013, A&A, 549, A8 Colina, L. et al. 1996, AJ, 112, 307 Grainger, R. G. et al. 2004, Appl. Opt., 43, 5386 Jones, A. et al. 2013, A&A, 560, A91 Kieffer, H. H. & Stone, T. C. 2005, AJ, 129, 2887 Krisciunas, K. & Schaefer, B. E. 1991, PASP, 103, 1033 Noll, S. et al. 2012, A&A, 543, A92 Patat, F. 2008, A&A, 481, 575 Patat, F. et al. 2011, A&A, 527, A91 Vernet, J. et al. 2011, A&A, 536, A105 Walker, A. 1987, NOAO Newsletter, 10, 16 Warneck, P. & Williams, J. 2012, The Atmospheric Chemist’s Companion, Springer
35-37 (PDF)
H. M. J. Boffin et al.
A PIONIER View on Mass-transferring Red Giants

ADS BibCode:
2014Msngr.156...35B
Section:
Astronomical Science
Author(s)/Affiliation(s):
Boffin, H. M. J.; Blind, N.; Hillen, M.; Berger, J.-P.; Jorissen, A.; Le Bouquin, J.-B.
AA(ESO) AB(Max-Planck-Institut für extraterrestrische Physik, Garching, Germany) AC(Instituut voor Sterrenkunde, Katholiek Universitet Leuven, Belgium) AD(ESO) AE(Institut d’Astronomie et d’Astrophysique, Université Libre de Bruxelles, Belgium) AF(UJF-Grenoble CNRS-INSU, Institut de Planétologie et d’Astrophysique de Grenoble, France)
Abstract:
Symbiotic stars display the absorption lines of a cool red giant together with the emission lines of a nebula ionised by a hotter star, indicative of an active binary star system in which mass transfer is occurring. PIONIER at the VLT has been used to combine the light of four telescopes to study in unprecedented detail how mass is transferred in symbiotic stars. The results of a mini-survey of symbiotic stars with PIONIER are summarised and some tentative general results about the role of Roche lobe overflow are presented.
References:
Ake, T. B. et al. 1991, ApJ, 383, 842 Blind, N. et al. 2011, A&A, 536, A55 Boffin, H. M. J. et al. 2014, A&A, 564, A1 Kenyon, S. J. & Webbink, R. F. 1984, ApJ, 279, 252 Le Bouquin, J.-B. et al. 2011, A&A, 535, A67 Mikolajewska, J. 2007, Baltic Astronomy, 16, 1 Mürset, U. et al. 1991, A&A, 248, 458 Tout, C. A. & Eggleton, P. P. 1988, MNRAS, 231, 823 Verhoelst, T. et al. 2007, A&A, 470, L21
38-39 (PDF)
C. De Breuck et al.
ALMA Resolves Turbulent, Rotating [C II] Emission in a Young Starburst Galaxy at z = 4.8

ADS BibCode:
2014Msngr.156...38B
Section:
Astronomical Science
Author(s)/Affiliation(s):
De Breuck, C.; Williams, R. J.; Swinbank, M.; Caselli, P.; Coppin, K.; Davis, T. A.; Maiolino, R.; Nagao, T.; Smail, I.; Walter, F.; Weiß, A.; Zwaan, M. A.
AA(ESO) AB(Cavendish Laboratory, University of Cambridge, United Kingdom) AC(Institute for Computational Cosmology, Durham University, United Kingdom) AD(School of Physics and Astronomy, University of Leeds, United Kingdom) AE(Centre for Astrophysics, Science & Technology Research Institute, University of Hertfordshire, Hatfield, United Kingdom) AF(ESO) AG(Cavendish Laboratory, University of Cambridge, United Kingdom) AH(Research Center for Space and Cosmic Evolution, Ehime University, Matsuyama, Japan) AI(Institute for Computational Cosmology, Durham University, United Kingdom) AJ(Max-Planck-Institut für Astronomie, Heidelberg, Germany) AK(Max-Planck-Institut für Radioastronomie, Bonn, Germany) AL(ESO)
Abstract:
Over the last decade, the [C II] 158 µm line has emerged as one of the most powerful probes of the interstellar medium at high redshift. It is one of the brightest far-infrared lines, opening up the possibility to spatially and spectrally resolve the emission in high-redshift galaxies. ALMA has already demonstrated this during Cycle 0. Our ALMA [C II] kinematical study of the galaxy ALESS73.1 at z = 4.8, observed 1.2 Gyr after the Big Bang, shows evidence for turbulent, rotating emission in a galaxy that is still forming most of its stars.
References:
Beirao, P. et al. 2012, ApJ, 751, 144 Coppin, K. et al. 2010, MNRAS, 407, L103 De Breuck, C. et al. 2011, A&A, 530, L8 De Breuck, C. et al. 2014, A&A, 565, A59 Gilli, R. et al. 2011, ApJ, 730, L28 Gilli, R. et al. 2014, A&A, 562, A67 Nagao, T. et al. 2012, A&A, 542, L34 Parkin, T. et al. 2012, ApJ, 766, 65 Swinbank, M. et al. 2012, The Messenger, 149, 40 Vanzella, E. et al. 2006, A&A, 454, 423 Weiß, A. et al. 2009, A&A, 707, 1201
40-45 (PDF)
T. Wiklind et al.
Combining ALMA with HST and VLT to Find the Counterparts of Submillimetre Galaxies

ADS BibCode:
2014Msngr.156...45W
Section:
Astronomical Science
Author(s)/Affiliation(s):
Wiklind, T.; Conselice, C. J.; Dahlen, T.; Dickinson, M. E.; Ferguson, H. C.; Grogin, N. A.; Guo, Y.; Koekemoer, A. M.; Mobasher, B.; Mortlock, A.; Fontana, A.; Davé, R.; Yan, H.; Acquaviva, V.; Ashby, M. L. N.; Barro, G.; Caputi, K. I.; Castellano, M.; Dekel, A.; Donley, J. L.; Fazio, G. G.; Giavalisco, M.; Grazian, A.; Hathi, N. P.; Kurczynski, P.; Lu, Y.; McGrath, E. J.; de Mello, D. F.; Peth, M.; Safarzadeh, M.; Stefanon, M.; Targett, T.
AA(ESO/Joint ALMA Observatory, Santiago, Chile) AB(Department of Physics and Astronomy, University of Nottingham, United Kingdom) AC(Space Telescope Science Institute, Baltimore, USA) AD(National Optical Observatory, Tucson, USA) AE(Space Telescope Science Institute, Baltimore, USA) AF(Space Telescope Science Institute, Baltimore, USA) AG(UCO/Lick Observatory, Department of Astronomy and Astrophysics, University of California, Santa Cruz, USA) AH(Space Telescope Science Institute, Baltimore, USA) AI(Department of Physics and Astronomy, University of California, Riverside, USA) AJ(Department of Physics and Astronomy, University of Nottingham, United Kingdom) AK(INAF–Osservatorio Astronomico di Roma, Monteporzio, Italy) AL(University of the Western Cape, Bellville, South Africa; South African Astronomical Observatories, Cape Town, South Africa; African Institute for Mathematical Sciences, Muizenberg, South Africa) AM(Department of Physics and Astronomy, University of Missouri, Columbia, USA) AN(Physics Department, CUNY New York City College of Technology, Brooklyn, USA) AO(Harvard-Smithsonian Center for Astrophysics, Cambridge, USA) AP(UCO/Lick Observatory, Department of Astronomy and Astrophysics, University of California, Santa Cruz, USA) AQ(Kapteyn Astronomical Institute, University of Groningen, the Netherlands) AR(INAF–Osservatorio Astronomico di Roma, Monteporzio, Italy) AS(Center for Astrophysics and Planetary Science, Racah Institute of Physics, The Hebrew University, Jerusalem, Israel) AT(Los Alamos National Laboratory, USA) AU(Harvard-Smithsonian Center for Astrophysics, Cambridge, USA) AV(Department of Physics and Astronomy, University of Massachusetts, Amherst, USA) AW(INAF–Osservatorio Astronomico di Roma, Monteporzio, Italy) AX(Aix Marseille Université, CNRS, Laboratoire d’Astrophysique de Marseille, France) AY(Department of Physics and Astronomy, Rutgers, The State University of New Jersey, Piscataway, USA) AZ(Kavli Institute for Particle Astrophysics & Cosmology, Stanford, USA) BA(Department of Physics and Astronomy, Colby College, Waterville, USA) BB(Department of Physics and Astronomy, Catholic University of America, Washington, USA) BC(Department of Physics and Astronomy, Johns Hopkins University, Baltimore, USA) BD(Department of Physics and Astronomy, Johns Hopkins University, Baltimore, USA) BE(Department of Physics and Astronomy, University of Missouri, Columbia, USA) BF(Institute for Astronomy, University of Edinburgh, Royal Observatory, Edinburgh, United Kingdom; Department of Physics and Astronomy, Sonoma State University, Rohnert Park, USA)
Abstract:
The identification of optical/near-infrared counterparts to submillimetre galaxies (SMGs) has been one of the most enduring obstacles in learning more about the nature of these massively star-forming systems, including their true redshift distribution. Various techniques have been partially successful but it is only by imaging the submillimetre (submm) emission at the same angular resolution as the optical images that counterparts can be securely assigned. With ALMA it is now possible to image the redshifted dust emission from these objects with a minimum investment of observing time. The results of an analysis of the properties of the counterparts of ten submm galaxies that fall within the CANDELS coverage of the GOODS-S field is presented. All ten SMGs show homogeneous properties in their dust and gas content, but only eight show (surprisingly) homogeneous properties in terms of the stellar mass and characteristic age of the stellar population. The two deviating counterparts are discussed.
References:
Ashby, M. L. N. et al. 2013, ApJ, 769, 80 Aretxaga, I. et al. 2007, MNRAS, 379, 1571 Blain, A. W. & Longair, M. S. 1993, MNRAS, 264, 509 Bruzual, G. & Charlot, S. 2003, MNRAS, 344, 1000 Chapman, S. C. et al. 2003, Nature, 422, 695 Conselice, C. J. et al. 2003, ApJS, 147, 1 Donley, J. L. et al. 2010, ApJ, 719, 1393 Fontana, A. et al. 2014, The Messenger, 155, 42 Grogin, N. A. et al. 2011, ApJS, 197, 35 Guo, Y. G. et al. 2013, ApJS, 207, 24 Hodge, J. A. et al. 2013, ApJ, 768, 91 Hughes, D. H. et al. 1998, Nature, 394, 241 Koekemoer, A. M. et al. 2011, ApJS, 197, 36 Lee, S.-K. et al. 2010, ApJ, 725, 1644 Lotz, J. M. et al. 2008, ApJ, 672, 177 Magnelli, B. et al. 2011, A&A, 528, 35 Scoville, N. Z. et al. 2014, ApJ, 783, 84 Smail, I. et al. 1997, ApJ, 490, L5 Swinbank, M. et al. 2012, The Messenger, 149, 40 Targett, T. A. et al. 2013, MNRAS, 432, 2012 Walter, F. et al. 2012, Nature, 486, 233 Weiss, A. et al. 2009, ApJ, 707, 1201 Wiklind, T. et al. 2014, ApJ, 785, 111

Astronomical News

47-51 (PDF)
I. Saviane et al.
Report on the Workshop ''Metal Production and Distribution in a Hierarchical Universe''

ADS BibCode:
2014Msngr.156...47S
Section:
Astronomical News
Author(s)/Affiliation(s):
Saviane, I.; Bonifacio, P.; Spite, M.; Monaco, L.
AA(ESO) AB(Observatoire de Paris, Meudon, France) AC(Observatoire de Paris, Meudon, France) AD(ESO)
Abstract:
The workshop aimed at taking a global view of the evolution of metal abundances from the Big Bang to the present day, considering both observations and simulations. Abundance studies in stars and galaxies, and the variety of interstellar and intergalactic media, were covered. A summary of the workshop topics in order of decreasing redshift is presented, with considerable attention given to abundance studies of the Milky Way.
References:
Adibekyan, V. Z. et al. 2012, A&A, 545, 32 Asplund, M. et al. 2006, ApJ, 644, 229 Chornock, R. et al. 2013, ApJ, 774, 26 Coe, D. et al. 2013, ApJ, 762, 32 Cooke, R. et al. 2014, ApJ, 781, 31 Cullen, F. et al. 2014, MNRAS, 440, 2300 Erb, D. K. et al. 2006, ApJ, 644, 813 Finkelstein, S. L. et al. 2013, Nature, 502, 524 Haywood, M. et al. 2013, A&A, 560, A109 Izotov, Y. et al. 2013, A&A, 558, 57 Keller, S. C. et al. 2014, Nature, 506, 463 Maiolino, R. et al. 2008, A&A, 488, 463 Norris, J. E. et al. 2013, ApJ, 762, 28 Oesch, P. A. et al. 2013, ApJ, 786, 108 Sbordone, L. et al. 2010, A&A, 522, 26 Sparre, M. et al. 2014, ApJ, 785, 150 Spite, M. et al. 2013, A&A, 552A, 107 Stiavelli, M. & Trenti, M. 2010, ApJ, 716, 190 Thöne, C. C. et al. 2013, MNRAS, 428, 3590 Yuan, T.-T. et al. 2013, ApJ, 763, 9
51-53 (PDF)
J. Spyromilio, J. Liske
Report on the Workshop ''Exoplanet Observations with the E-ELT''

ADS BibCode:
2014Msngr.156...51S
Section:
Astronomical News
Author(s)/Affiliation(s):
Spyromilio, J.; Liske, J.
AA(ESO) AB(ESO)
Abstract:
A brief summary of the presentations and discussions at the workshop on exoplanet science with extremely large telescopes is sketched. A broad range of topics covering the lifecycle of planets and the instrumentation landscape were presented.
References:
Currie, T. et al. 2013, ApJ, 776, 15 Galicher, R. et al. 2014, A&A, 565, 4 Snellen, I. et al. 2014, Nature, 509, 63
53-57 (PDF)
M. Lehnert et al.
Report on the ESO/RadioNet Workshop ''3D2014: Gas and Stars in Galaxies: A Multi-wavelength 3D Perspective''

ADS BibCode:
2014Msngr.156...53L
Section:
Astronomical News
Author(s)/Affiliation(s):
Lehnert, M.; De Breuck, C.; Kuntschner, H.; Zwaan, M. A.
AA(Institut d’Astrophysique de Paris, France) AB(ESO) AC(ESO) AD(ESO)
Abstract:
This is the second ESO workshop devoted to the topic of 3D spectroscopy of galaxies; the last one took place in 2008. An overview of the workshop themes is presented and a discussion of the progress and open questions that have been resolved by new facilities and theoretical modelling since the last workshop.
References:
Haywood, M. et al. 2013, A&A, 560, 109 Kormendy, J. & Bender, R. 2012, ApJS, 198, 2 Lehnert, M. et al. 2008, The Messenger, 133, 52
58-59 (PDF)
P. Kabáth et al.
Report on the Workshop ''Seven Years in Chile: The Accomplishments and Goals of Czech Astronomers at ESO''

ADS BibCode:
2014Msngr.156...58K
Section:
Astronomical News
Author(s)/Affiliation(s):
Kabáth, P.; Kawka, A.; Paunzen, E.; Vennes, S.
AA(ESO) AB(Astronomical Institute, Academy of Sciences of the Czech Republic) AC(Masaryk University, Brno, Czech Republic) AD(Astronomical Institute, Academy of Sciences of the Czech Republic)
Abstract:
The Czech Republic has been a member of ESO since 2007 and the workshop was held to mark this occasion. The primary aims of the workshop were to highlight the science done by Czech-affiliated astronomers who make use of ESO facilities and to encourage greater use of these facilities, particularly by the younger generation of astronomers in the Czech Republic.
References:
Jáchym, P. et al. 2014, ApJ, submitted (arXiv:1403.2328) Kawka, A. & Vennes, S. 2012, A&A, 538, A13 Krejčová, T. & Budaj, J. 2012, A&A, 540, A82 Nordström, B. et al. 2004, A&A, 418, 989 Oksala, M. E. et al. 2013, A&A, 558, A17 Wünsch, R. et al. 2012, A&A, 539, A116
60-60 (PDF)
D. Baade
In Memoriam Stanislav Štefl

ADS BibCode:
2014Msngr.156...60B
Section:
Astronomical News
Author(s)/Affiliation(s):
Baade, D.
AA(ESO)
60-62 (PDF)
N. Gibson, C. Lagos
Fellows at ESO

ADS BibCode:
2014Msngr.156...60.
Section:
Astronomical News
Author(s)/Affiliation(s):
Gibson, N.; Lagos, C.
AA(ESO) AB(ESO)
62-62 (PDF)
ESO
Personnel Movements

ADS BibCode:
2014Msngr.156...62.
Section:
Astronomical News
Author(s)/Affiliation(s):
ESO
AA(ESO)
63-63 (PDF)
ESO
ESO Fellowship Programme 2014/2015

ADS BibCode:
2014Msngr.156...63.
Section:
Astronomical News
Author(s)/Affiliation(s):
ESO
AA(ESO)