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Auxiliary Data

Wavelength calibration and absolute flux determination procedures require some auxiliary data. Some tables are provided by the system, but the user can modify or include new information using the available table commands (Vol. A, Chapter 5). In addition to columns of interest to the user, user-supplied tables must have the columns and column labels required by the various MIDAS commands they are to be used with.

For the purpose of the reduction of spectral data, there are three basic table structures:

a) Line identification tables, used in the wavelength calibration step. One column must contain the laboratory (if the reference frame is to be used) wavelengths in the units desired for the calibrated spectrum. A sample table with comparison lines of the spectrum He-Ar is available in MID_ARC:hear.tbl it contains lines in the range from 3600 Å to 9300 Å and is suitable for data with dispersions between about 5 and 10 Å/mm.

b) Flux tables, used for flux calibration and rectification of spectra. These tables contain at least three columns defining for each entry central wavelength, bin width and flux, with labels :WAVE, :BIN_W, :FLUX_W. When composing your own tables, take care that the wavelength unit is the same for all three quantities and agrees with the one used for the wavelength calibration. Some sample flux tables are available in the directory MID_STANDARD. If you are still preparing your observations, note that the data available for the various stars is very inhomogeneous whereas the quality of the calibrations depends very sensitively on the number and spacing of entries within the spectral range to be observed.

c) Sample atmospheric and interstellar extinction  laws are contained in directory MID_EXTINCTION. All interstellar laws are normalised to Av/E(B-V) = 3.1 at 5500 Å, and interpolated and rebinned to a constant step in wavelength (10 Å or nm). Note that the wavelength coverage is very different for various data sets.

Table 6.1: Standard Stars for Absolute Flux Calibration in system area MID_STANDARD.
Filename Ref. Filename Ref. Filename Ref.
BD2015 (2) GD190 (3) HR4963 (4)
HR5573 (4) HR6710 (4) HR8414 (4)
HR8518 (4) HR8747 (4) HZ14 (3)
HZ4 (3) HZ7 (3) L745X4 (3)
L870X2 (3) L930X8 (3) L970X3 (3)
LB227 (3) LDS235 (3) LDS749 (3)
LT3218 (1) LT7987 (1) W485A (3)
(1) Stone, Baldwin, 1983, M.N.R.A.S., 204, 347  
(2) Stone, 1977, Ap. J., 218, 767  
(3) Oke, 1974, Ap. J. Suppl., 27, 21  
(4) Breger, 1976, Ap. J. Suppl., 32, 7  
Flux units are $10^{-16} {\rm ergs}/{\rm s}/{\rm cm}^2$/ Å for refs 1, 2 and 3  
and $10^{-13} {\rm ergs}/{\rm s}/{\rm cm}^2$/ Å for ref 4  

Table 6.2: Extinction Tables in directory MID_EXTINCTION
Filename Description column number Ref.
INSTEXAN Interstellar: Galaxy(Å) 2 (1)
INSTEXAN Interstellar: LMC (Å) 3 (2)
INSTEXAN Interstellar: SMC (Å) 4 (3)
INSTEXAN Interstellar: LMC (Å) 5 (4)
INSTEXAN Interstellar: Galaxy fit (Å) 6 (5)
INSTEXAN Interstellar: Galaxy fit (Å) 7 (6)
INSTEXAN Interstellar: LMC fit (Å) 8 (6)
ATMOEXAN Atmospheric (Å) 2 (7)
INSTEXNM Interstellar (nm) \dag - (1-6)
ATMOEXNM Atmospheric (nm) 2 (7)
(1) Savage, Mathis, 1979, An.Rev.Astr.Ap., 17, 73
(2) Nandy et al, 1981, MNRAS, 196, 955
(3) Prevot et al, 1984, Astron.Astrophys., 132, 389
(4) Koornneef, Code, 1981, Ap. J., 247, 860
(5) Seaton, 1979, M.N.R.A.S., 187, 73P
(6) Howarth, 1983, M.N.R.A.S., 203, 301
(7) Tüg, 1977, Messenger, 11
\dagThe same as INSTEXAN but wavelengths in nanometers
The same as ATMOEXNM but wavelengths in nanometers

next up previous contents
Next: Command Summary Up: Long-Slit and 1D Spectra Previous: Other Useful Commands
Petra Nass