next up previous contents
Next: Local "seeing" Up: Wind loading on Previous: Pressure-speed correlation

Synthesis of study results and engineering conclusions

The pressure patterns on the primary mirror of a telescope exposed to wind have been investigated in three different configurations: with the telescope in open air, in the slit of the NTT building and in a cylindrical recess.

While the spatial distribution of mean pressures shows, as expected, considerable differences in the different types of enclosure, the patterns of pressure fluctuations are quite similar. As a consequence their effect on optical aberrations resulting from dynamic deflections of the mirror surface can be predicted with reasonable accuracy by a general formulation. A relationship is found between the average rms of pressure variations on the mirror and the total rms surface error. For an astatically supported mirror with three reacting virtual support points, this parameterisation is given by expression (gif):

The optical aberration is found predominantly in the astigmatic mode, which allows to relate the rms surface error to the image spread obtaining expression (gif):

Simple approximate relationships can also be found between the local speed values and the rms of pressure variations on the mirror, but they will likely depend on the enclosure type. In the particular case of the VLT cylindrical enclosure, a parameterisation is found between the average speed measured 60 cm (full scale) from the mirror surface and the rms of pressure variations, which does not depend on the azimuth angle.

These relationships will be particularly useful for parametric analyses of the overall wind+seeing effects of the primary mirror and for determining the optimum operation of the venting devices (windscreen, louvers) of the enclosure.

Lorenzo Zago,, Sun Feb 26 22:57:31 GMT+0100 1995