A Messy Nursery of Stars

The thousands of newly formed stars at the heart of NGC 5236 were imaged with the MUSE instrument, attached to ESO’s Very Large Telescope at Paranal Observatory in Chile. Referred to mostly as the Southern Pinwheel galaxy, NGC 5236 receives its common name from its beautiful spiral arm configuration and its location in a Southern Hemisphere constellation: Hydra. Bright regions of star formation light up this galaxy, including the region imaged here, located within the galaxy's centre. 

With the right conditions, and commonly within the spiral arms of a galaxy, cold molecular clouds mostly composed of hydrogen gas can collapse and form into brand new stars. In larger clouds, the burning of a new star can create a domino effect, initiating the collapse of the surrounding gas into even more stars. Within a galaxy’s centre however, other processes are at play. The supermassive black hole at the centre of NGC 5236 funnels vast channels of material and matter towards itself; at the same time, it erratically spits matter and large quantities of energy outwards, making the huge amount of star formation around this galaxy's central region extra messy.

Mynd/Myndskeið:

Um myndina

Auðkenni:potw2047a
Tegund:Athuganir
Útgáfudagur:Nóv 23, 2020, 06:00 CET
Stærð:641 x 633 px

Um fyrirbærið

Nafn:NGC 5236
Tegund:Local Universe : Galaxy : Type : Spiral
Constellation:Hydra
Flokkur:Galaxies

Myndasnið

Stór JPEG
81,0 KB

Þysjanleg


Bakgrunnsmynd

1024x768
111,2 KB
1280x1024
152,9 KB
1600x1200
191,9 KB
1920x1200
209,7 KB
2048x1536
265,7 KB

Hnit

Position (RA):13 37 0.98
Position (Dec):-29° 51' 54.98"
Field of view:1.07 x 1.06 arcminutes
Stefna:Norður er 0.0° højre frá lóðréttu

Litir og síur

TíðnisviðBylgjulengdSjónauki
Sýnilegt
B
438 nmVery Large Telescope
MUSE
Sýnilegt
g
475 nmVery Large Telescope
MUSE
Sýnilegt
r
625 nmVery Large Telescope
MUSE
Sýnilegt
H-alpha
656 nmVery Large Telescope
MUSE
Sýnilegt
N II
658 nmVery Large Telescope
MUSE
Sýnilegt
S II
672 nmVery Large Telescope
MUSE