The Butterfly Effect

Around 60 million light-years away, in the constellation Virgo, the two galaxies NGC4567 and NGC4568, nicknamed the Butterfly Galaxies due to their wing-like structure, are beginning to collide and merge into each other. This is depicted in this picture captured by the FOcal Reducer and low dispersion Spectrograph 2 (FORS2) instrument, which is mounted on ESO’s Very Large Telescope (VLT) at the Paranal Observatory in the Chilean Andes.

Galaxy collisions are not unusual in the Universe. We may imagine them to be violent and catastrophic, but in reality they are surprisingly peaceful, like a waltz performed by stars, gas and dust, choreographed by gravity. This kind of collision and merger is also thought to be the eventual fate of the Milky Way, which scientists believe will undergo a similar interaction with our neighbouring galaxy Andromeda.

FORS2 is often nicknamed Paranal’s “Swiss Army knife” for its incredible versatility, and it’s in fact one of our most demanded instruments. Besides capturing images like this one it can also take spectra of up to several tens of cosmic objects simultaneously, or study polarised light.

This image was created as part of the ESO Cosmic Gems programme, an outreach initiative to produce images of interesting, intriguing or visually attractive objects using ESO telescopes, for the purposes of education and public outreach. The programme makes use of telescope time that cannot be used for science observations. All data collected may also be suitable for scientific purposes, and are made available to astronomers through ESO’s science archive.

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ESO

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Auðkenni:potw2204a
Tegund:Athuganir
Útgáfudagur:Jan 24, 2022, 06:00 CET
Stærð:2802 x 2780 px

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Nafn:Butterfly galaxies
Tegund:Local Universe : Galaxy : Type : Interacting
Fjarlægð:60 milljón ljósár
Constellation:Virgo
Flokkur:Galaxies

Myndasnið

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Hnit

Position (RA):12 36 33.24
Position (Dec):11° 14' 41.92"
Field of view:5.88 x 5.83 arcminutes
Stefna:Norður er 90.1° vinstri frá lóðréttu

Litir og síur

TíðnisviðBylgjulengdSjónauki
Sýnilegt
b
440 nmVery Large Telescope
FORS2
Sýnilegt
v
557 nmVery Large Telescope
FORS2
Sýnilegt
R
655 nmVery Large Telescope
FORS2
Sýnilegt
H-alpha
660 nmVery Large Telescope
FORS2