Messenger No. 147 (March 2012)

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Telescopes and Instrumentation

2-3 (PDF)
F. Comerón et al.
High-speed Bandwidth between Europe and Paranal: EVALSO Demonstration Activities and Integration into Operations

ADS BibCode:
2012Msngr.147....2C
Section:
Telescopes and Instrumentation
Author(s)/Affiliation(s):
Comerón, F.; Emerson, J.; Kuijken, K.; Zampieri, S.; Wright, A.; Filippi, G.
AA(ESO) AB(Astronomy Unit, Queen Mary University of London, United Kingdom) AC(Leiden Observatory, the Netherlands) AD(ESO) AE(ESO) AF(ESO)
Abstract:
A substantial improvement in the connectivity between the Paranal Observatory and ESO Headquarters has been recently made with the completion of the FP7-funded EVALSO project and its integration into the operational information and communications technology of the observatory. Here we describe the demonstration of capabilities, carried out as the final part of the project; some expected applications in the short term; and the possibilities that are opened up by the availability of such high-bandwidth communication links.
References:
Filippi, G. 2010, The Messenger, 142, 2 Kuijken, K. 2011, The Messenger, 146, 8 Romaniello, M. et al. 2011, SPIE, 7737, 53 Zampieri, S. et al. 2009, ASP Conf. Ser., 411, 540
4-6 (PDF)
R. Bacon et al.
News of the MUSE

ADS BibCode:
2012Msngr.147....4B
Section:
Telescopes and Instrumentation
Author(s)/Affiliation(s):
Bacon, R.; Accardo, M.; Adjali, L.; Anwand, H.; Bauer, S.-M.; Blaizot, J.; Boudon, D.; Brinchmann, J.; Brotons, L.; Caillier, P.; Capoani, L.; Carollo, M.; Comin, M.; Contini, T.; Cumani, C.; Daguisé, E.; Deiries, S.; Delabre, B.; Dreizler, S.; Dubois, J.-P.; Dupieux, M.; Dupuy, C.; Emsellem, E.; Fleischmann, A.; François, M.; Gallou, G.; Gharsa, T.; Girard, N.; Glindemann, A.; Guiderdoni, B.; Hahn, T.; Hansali, G.; Hofmann, D.; Jarno, A.; Kelz, A.; Kiekebusch, M.; Knudstrup, J.; Koehler, C.; Kollatschny, W.; Kosmalski, J.; Laurent, F.; Le Floch, M.; Lilly, S.; Lizon à L’Allemand, J.-L.; Loupias, M.; Manescau, A.; Monstein, C.; Nicklas, H.; Niemeyer, J.; Olaya, J.-C.; Palsa, R.; Parès, L.; Pasquini, L.; Pécontal-Rousset, A.; Pello, R.; Petit, C.; Piqueras, L.; Popow, E.; Reiss, R.; Remillieux, A.; Renault, E.; Rhode, P.; Richard, J.; Roth, J.; Rupprecht, G.; Schaye, J.; Slezak, E.; Soucail, G.; Steinmetz, M.; Streicher, O.; Stuik, R.; Valentin, H.; Vernet, J.; Weilbacher, P.; Wisotzki, L.; Yerle, N.; Zins, G.
AA(CRAL, Observatoire de Lyon, Saint-Genis-Laval, France) AB(ESO) AC(CRAL, Observatoire de Lyon, Saint-Genis-Laval, France) AD(Institute for Astrophysics Göttingen, Germany) AE(Leibniz Institute für Astrophysik Potsdam, AIP, Germany) AF(CRAL, Observatoire de Lyon, Saint-Genis-Laval, France) AG(CRAL, Observatoire de Lyon, Saint-Genis-Laval, France) AH(NOVA, Sterrewachte Leiden, the Netherlands) AI(CRAL, Observatoire de Lyon, Saint-Genis-Laval, France) AJ(CRAL, Observatoire de Lyon, Saint-Genis-Laval, France) AK(CRAL, Observatoire de Lyon, Saint-Genis-Laval, France) AL(Institute of Astronomy, ETH Zentrum, Zurich, Switzerland) AM(ESO) AN(IRAP, Observatoire Midi Pyrénées, Toulouse, France) AO(ESO) AP(CRAL, Observatoire de Lyon, Saint-Genis-Laval, France) AQ(ESO) AR(ESO) AS(Institute for Astrophysics Göttingen, Germany) AT(CRAL, Observatoire de Lyon, Saint-Genis-Laval, France) AU(IRAP, Observatoire Midi Pyrénées, Toulouse, France) AV(ESO) AW(ESO) AX(Institute for Astrophysics Göttingen, Germany) AY(CRAL, Observatoire de Lyon, Saint-Genis-Laval, France) AZ(IRAP, Observatoire Midi Pyrénées, Toulouse, France) BA(IRAP, Observatoire Midi Pyrénées, Toulouse, France) BB(IRAP, Observatoire Midi Pyrénées, Toulouse, France) BC(ESO) BD(CRAL, Observatoire de Lyon, Saint-Genis-Laval, France) BE(Leibniz Institute für Astrophysik Potsdam, AIP, Germany) BF(CRAL, Observatoire de Lyon, Saint-Genis-Laval, France) BG(Institute for Astrophysics Göttingen, Germany) BH(CRAL, Observatoire de Lyon, Saint-Genis-Laval, France) BI(Leibniz Institute für Astrophysik Potsdam, AIP, Germany) BJ(ESO) BK(ESO) BL(Institute for Astrophysics Göttingen, Germany) BM(Institute for Astrophysics Göttingen, Germany) BN(CRAL, Observatoire de Lyon, Saint-Genis-Laval, France) BO(CRAL, Observatoire de Lyon, Saint-Genis-Laval, France) BP(IRAP, Observatoire Midi Pyrénées, Toulouse, France) BQ(Institute of Astronomy, ETH Zentrum, Zurich, Switzerland) BR(ESO) BS(CRAL, Observatoire de Lyon, Saint-Genis-Laval, France) BT(ESO) BU(Institute of Astronomy, ETH Zentrum, Zurich, Switzerland) BV(Institute for Astrophysics Göttingen, Germany) BW(Institute for Astrophysics Göttingen, Germany) BX(Leibniz Institute für Astrophysik Potsdam, AIP, Germany) BY(ESO) BZ(IRAP, Observatoire Midi Pyrénées, Toulouse, France) CA(ESO) CB(CRAL, Observatoire de Lyon, Saint-Genis-Laval, France) CC(IRAP, Observatoire Midi Pyrénées, Toulouse, France) CD(CRAL, Observatoire de Lyon, Saint-Genis-Laval, France) CE(CRAL, Observatoire de Lyon, Saint-Genis-Laval, France) CF(Leibniz Institute für Astrophysik Potsdam, AIP, Germany) CG(ESO) CH(CRAL, Observatoire de Lyon, Saint-Genis-Laval, France) CI(CRAL, Observatoire de Lyon, Saint-Genis-Laval, France) CJ(Institute for Astrophysics Göttingen, Germany) CK(CRAL, Observatoire de Lyon, Saint-Genis-Laval, France) CL(Leibniz Institute für Astrophysik Potsdam, AIP, Germany) CM(ESO) CN(NOVA, Sterrewachte Leiden, the Netherlands) CO(Observatoire de Nice, France) CP(IRAP, Observatoire Midi Pyrénées, Toulouse, France) CQ(Leibniz Institute für Astrophysik Potsdam, AIP, Germany) CR(Leibniz Institute für Astrophysik Potsdam, AIP, Germany) CS(NOVA, Sterrewachte Leiden, the Netherlands) CT(IRAP, Observatoire Midi Pyrénées, Toulouse, France) CU(ESO) CV(Leibniz Institute für Astrophysik Potsdam, AIP, Germany) CW(Leibniz Institute für Astrophysik Potsdam, AIP, Germany) CX(IRAP, Observatoire Midi Pyrénées, Toulouse, France) CY(IPAG, Observatoire de Grenoble, France)
Abstract:
We report on progress of the Multi Unit Spectroscopic Explorer (MUSE), a second generation VLT panoramic integral field spectrograph. MUSE is now in its final phase of integration, testing and validation in Europe. The instrument is described and some results of its measured performance are shown.
References:
Arsenault, R. et al. 2010, The Messenger, 142, 12 Bacon, R. et al. 2006, The Messenger, 124, 5
7-12 (PDF)
D. Schwan et al.
APEX–SZ: The Atacama Pathfinder EXperiment Sunyaev–Zel’dovich Instrument

ADS BibCode:
2012Msngr.147....7S
Section:
Telescopes and Instrumentation
Author(s)/Affiliation(s):
Schwan, D.; Kneissl, R.; Ade, P.; Basu, K.; Bender, A.; Bertoldi, F.; Böhringer, H.; Cho, H.-M.; Chon, G.; Clarke, J.; Dobbs, M.; Ferrusca, D.; Flanigan, D.; Halverson, N.; Holzapfel, W.; Horellou, C.; Johansson, D.; Johnson, B.; Kennedy, J.; Kermish, Z.; Klein, M.; Lanting, T.; Lee, A.; Lueker, M.; Mehl, J.; Menten, K.; Muders, D.; Pacaud, F.; Plagge, T.; Reichardt, C.; Richards, P.; Schaaf, R.; Schilke, P.; Sommer, M.; Spieler, H.; Tucker, C.; Weiss, A.; Westbrook, B.; Zahn, O.
AA(Department of Physics, University of California, Berkeley, USA) AB(ESO; Joint ALMA Observatory, Vitacura, Santiago, Chile) AC(School of Physics and Astronomy, Cardiff University, Wales, United Kingdom) AD(Argelander Institute for Astronomy, Bonn University, Germany) AE(Center for Astrophysics and Space Astronomy, Department of Astophysical and Planetary Sciences, University of Colorado, Boulder, USA) AF(Argelander Institute for Astronomy, Bonn University, Germany) AG(Max-Planck-Institut für extraterrestrische Physik, Garching, Germany) AH(National Institute of Standards and Technology, Boulder, USA) AI(Max-Planck-Institut für extraterrestrische Physik, Garching, Germany) AJ(Department of Physics, University of California, Berkeley, USA; Materials Sciences Division, Lawrence Berkeley National Laboratory, Berkeley, USA) AK(Department of Physics, McGill University, Montreal, Canada) AL(Department of Physics, University of California, Berkeley, USA) AM(Department of Physics, University of California, Berkeley, USA) AN(Center for Astrophysics and Space Astronomy, Department of Astophysical and Planetary Sciences, University of Colorado, Boulder, USA; Department of Physics, University of Colorado, Boulder, USA) AO(Department of Physics, University of California, Berkeley, USA) AP(Department of Earth and Space Sciences, Onsala Space Observatory, Chalmers University of Technology, Sweden) AQ(Department of Earth and Space Sciences, Onsala Space Observatory, Chalmers University of Technology, Sweden) AR(Department of Physics, University of California, Berkeley, USA; Department of Physics, Columbia University, New York, USA) AS(Department of Physics, McGill University, Montreal, Canada) AT(Department of Physics, University of California, Berkeley, USA) AU(Argelander Institute for Astronomy, Bonn University, Germany) AV(Department of Physics, McGill University, Montreal, Canada) AW(Department of Physics, University of California, Berkeley, USA; Physics Division, Lawrence Berkeley National Laboratory, Berkeley, USA) AX(Department of Physics, University of California, Berkeley, USA) AY(Department of Physics, University of California, Berkeley, USA) AZ(Max-Planck-Institut für Radioastronomie, Bonn, Germany) BA(Max-Planck-Institut für Radioastronomie, Bonn, Germany) BB(Argelander Institute for Astronomy, Bonn University, Germany) BC(Department of Physics, University of California, Berkeley, USA) BD(Department of Physics, University of California, Berkeley, USA) BE(Department of Physics, University of California, Berkeley, USA) BF(Argelander Institute for Astronomy, Bonn University, Germany) BG(I. Physikalisches Institut, Universität zu Köln, Germany) BH(Argelander Institute for Astronomy, Bonn University, Germany; Max-Planck-Institut für Radioastronomie, Bonn, Germany) BI(Physics Division, Lawrence Berkeley National Laboratory, Berkeley, USA) BJ(School of Physics and Astronomy, Cardiff University, Wales, United Kingdom) BK(Max-Planck-Institut für Radioastronomie, Bonn, Germany) BL(Department of Physics, University of California, Berkeley, USA) BM(Department of Physics, University of California, Berkeley, USA)
Abstract:
The APEX–SZ instrument was a millimetre-wave (150 GHz) cryogenic receiver for the APEX telescope designed to observe galaxy clusters via the Sunyaev–Zel’dovich Effect (SZE). The receiver contained a focal plane of 280 superconducting transition-edge sensor bolometers equipped with a frequency-domain-multiplexed readout system, and it played a key role in the introduction of these new, robust, and scalable technologies. With 1-arcminute resolution, the instrument had a higher instantaneous sensitivity and covered a larger field of view (22 arcminutes) than earlier generations of SZE instruments. During its period of operation from 2007 to 2010, APEX–SZ was used to image over 40 clusters and map fields overlapping with external datasets. This paper briefly describes the instrument and data reduction procedure and presents a cluster image gallery, as well as results for the Bullet cluster, Abell 2204, Abell 2163, and a power spectrum analysis in the XMM-LSS field.
References:
Arnold, K. et al. 2010, SPIE, 77411E Basu, K. et al. 2010, A&A, 519, A29 Bender, A. et al. 2012, in preparation Carlstrom, J. E., Holder, G. & Reese, E. D. 2002, Ann Rev Astron. Astrophys., 40, 643 Cavaliere, A. & Fusco-Femiano, R. 1978, A&A, 70, 677 Clowe, D. et al. 2006, ApJL, 648, L109 Güsten, R. et al. 2006, A&A, 454, L13 Halverson, N. W. et al. 2009, ApJ, 701, 42 Johansson, D. et al. 2010, A&A, 514, A77 Lanting, T. M. et al. 2004, Nuclear Instruments and Methods in Physics Research A, 520, 548 Nord, M. et al. 2009, A&A, 506, 623 Reichardt, C. L. et al. 2009, ApJ, 694, 1200 Sarazin, C. L. 1988, X-ray emission from clusters of galaxies (Cambridge: Cambridge University Press) Schwan, D. et al. 2011, Review of Scientific Instruments, 82, 091301 Silk, J. & White, S. D. M. 1978, ApJL, 226, L103 Sunyaev, R. A. & Zel’dovich, Y. B. 1970, Comments on Astrophysics and Space Physics, 2, 66 Tatarskii, V. I., ed. 1961, Wave Propagation in a Turbulent Medium (New York: Dover)

Astronomical Science

14-16 (PDF)
J. Storm et al.
Determining the Cepheid Period–Luminosity Relation Using Distances to Individual Cepheids from the Near-infrared Surface Brightness Method

ADS BibCode:
2012Msngr.147...14S
Section:
Astronomical Science
Author(s)/Affiliation(s):
Storm, J.; Gieren, W.; Fouqué, P.; Barnes, T. G.; Granzer, T.; Nardetto, N.; Pietrzyński, G.; Queloz, D.; Soszyński, I.; Strassmeier, K. G.; Weber, M.
AA(Leibniz-Institut für Astrophysik Potsdam (AIP), Germany) AB(Universidad de Concepción, Chile) AC(L’Institut de Recherche en Astrophysique et Planétologie (IRAP), Université de Toulouse, France) AD(University of Texas at Austin, McDonald Observatory, USA) AE(Leibniz-Institut für Astrophysik Potsdam (AIP), Germany) AF(Laboratoire Lagrange, UNS/CNRS/OCA, Nice, France) AG(Universidad de Concepción, Chile; Warsaw University Observatory, Poland) AH(Observatoire de Genève, Switzerland) AI(Warsaw University Observatory, Poland) AJ(Leibniz-Institut für Astrophysik Potsdam (AIP), Germany) AK(Leibniz-Institut für Astrophysik Potsdam (AIP), Germany)
Abstract:
The near-infrared surface brightness method has been applied to 111 Cepheids in the Milky Way, the Large Magellanic Cloud and the Small Magellanic Cloud, and distances and luminosities to the individual stars have thus been determined. As the Cepheid populations in these galaxies have significantly different metallicities, the effect of metallicity on the Cepheid Period–Luminosity (PL) relation can be directly determined. We show that the K-band PL relation is very insensitive to abundance and argue that it is the best Cepheid PL relation for distance determination.
References:
Benedict, G. F. et al. 2007, AJ, 133, 1810 Fouqué, P. & Gieren, W. 1997, A&A, 320, 799 Freedman, W. L. et al. 2001, ApJ, 553, 47 Gieren, W. et al. 2005, ApJ, 627, 224 Kervella, P. et al. 2004, A&A, 428, 587 Nardetto, N. et al. 2011, A&A, 534, L16 Persson, S. E. et al. 2004, AJ, 128, 2239 Soszyński, I. et al. 2008, Acta Astr., 58, 163 Storm, J. et al. 2004, A&A, 415, 531 Storm, J. et al. 2011a, A&A, 534, A94 Storm, J. et al. 2011b, A&A, 534, A95
17-20 (PDF)
G. Fiorentino et al.
Resolved Stellar Populations with MAD: Preparing for the Era of Extremely Large Telescopes

ADS BibCode:
2012Msngr.147...17F
Section:
Astronomical Science
Author(s)/Affiliation(s):
Fiorentino, G.; Tolstoy, E.; Diolaiti, E.; Valenti, E.; Cignoni, M.; Mackey, A. D.
AA(INAF–Osservatorio Astronomico di Bologna, Italy) AB(Kapteyn Astronomical Institute, University of Groningen, the Netherlands) AC(INAF–Osservatorio Astronomico di Bologna, Italy) AD(ESO) AE(INAF–Osservatorio Astronomico di Bologna, Italy) AF(Research School of Astronomy & Astrophysics, Mount Stromlo Observatory, Australia)
Abstract:
Deep images in J, H and Ks filters using the Multi-conjugate Adaptive optics Demonstrator (MAD) on the VLT have been made of a region of the Large Magellanic Cloud near the globular cluster NGC 1928. Our aim was to assess if accurate photometry could be carried out down to faint limits over the whole MAD field of view. In addition we tested how accurate a basic analysis of the properties of the stellar population could be made using the near-infrared MAD photometry, compared to the Hubble Space Telescope optical photometry. This study has implications for understanding the issues involved in Extremely Large Telescope imaging of resolved stellar populations.
References:
Bono, G. et al. 2009, in Science with the VLT in the ELT Era, ed. A. Moorwood, p. 67 Campbell, M. A. et al. 2010, MNRAS, 405, 421 Cignoni, M. & Tosi, M. 2010, Advances in Astronomy, 2010 Deep, A. et al. 2011, A&A, 531, A151 Falomo, R. et al. 2009, A&A, 501, 907 Ferraro, F. R. et al. 2009, Nature, 462, 483 Fiorentino, G. et al. 2011, A&A, 535A, 63 Gilmozzi, R. & Spyromilio, J. 2007, The Messenger, 127, 11 Holtzman, J. A. et al. 1999, AJ, 118, 2262 Mackey, A. D. & Gilmore, G. F. 2004, MNRAS, 352, 153 Marchetti, E. et al. 2006, SPIE, 6272, 21 Marchetti, E. et al. 2007, The Messenger, 129, 8 Sana, H. et al. 2010, A&A, 515, A26 Stetson, P. B. 1987, PASP, 99, 191 Stetson, P. B. 1994, PASP, 106, 250
21-24 (PDF)
N. Lützgendorf et al.
The Search for Intermediate-mass Black Holes in Globular Clusters

ADS BibCode:
2012Msngr.147...21L
Section:
Astronomical Science
Author(s)/Affiliation(s):
Lützgendorf, N.; Kissler-Patig, M.; de Zeeuw, T.; Baumgardt, H.; Feldmeier, A.; Gebhardt, K.; Jalali, B.; Neumayer, N.; Noyola, E.
AA(ESO) AB(ESO) AC(ESO; Sterrewacht Leiden, Leiden University, the Netherlands) AD(School of Mathematics and Physics, University of Queensland, Brisbane, Australia) AE(ESO) AF(Astronomy Department, University of Texas at Austin, USA) AG(I. Physikalisches Institut, Universität zu Köln, Germany) AH(ESO) AI(Instituto de Astronomia, Universidad Nacional Autonoma de Mexico (UNAM), Mexico)
Abstract:
Intermediate-mass black holes (IMBHs) fill the gap between supermassive and stellar-mass black holes and they could act as seeds for the rapid growth of supermassive black holes in early galaxy formation. Runaway collisions of massive stars in young and dense stellar clusters could have formed IMBHs that are still present in the centres of globular clusters. We have resolved the central dynamics of a number of globular clusters in our Galaxy using the FLAMES integral-field spectrograph at the VLT. Combining these data with photometry from HST and comparing them to analytic models, we can detect the rise in the velocity dispersion profile that indicates a central black hole. Our homogeneous sample of globular cluster integral-field spectroscopy allows a direct comparison between clusters with and without an IMBH.
References:
Bahcall, J. N. & Wolf, R. A. 1976, ApJ, 209, 214 Baumgardt, H., Makino, J. & Hut, P. 2005, ApJ, 620, 238 Ebisuzaki, T. et al. 2001, ApJ, 562, L19 Fan, X. 2006, New A Rev., 50, 665 Ferrarese, L. & Merritt, D. 2000, ApJ, 539, L9 Gebhardt, K. et al. 2000, AJ, 119, 1268 Gebhardt, K. et al. 1992, in Bull. AAS, 24, 1188 Jalali, B. et al. 2011, MNRAS, 400, 1665 Kaufer, A. et al. 2003, The Messenger, 113, 15 Lützgendorf, N. et al. 2011, A&A, 533, A36 Noyola, E. et al. 2010, ApJ, 719, L60 Pasquini, L. et al. 2002, The Messenger, 110, 1 Soria, R. et al. 2011, MNRAS, in press, arXiv: IIII.6783
25-31 (PDF)
G. Gilmore et al.
The Gaia-ESO Public Spectroscopic Survey

ADS BibCode:
2012Msngr.147...25G
Section:
Astronomical Science
Author(s)/Affiliation(s):
Gilmore, G.; Randich, S.; Asplund, M.; Binney, J.; Bonifacio, P.; Drew, J.; Feltzing, S.; Ferguson, A.; Jeffries, R.; Micela, G.; Negueruela, I.; Prusti, T.; Rix, H.-W.; Vallenari, A.; Alfaro, E.; Allende-Prieto, C.; Babusiaux, C.; Bensby, T.; Blomme, R.; Bragaglia, A.; Flaccomio, E.; François, P.; Irwin, M.; Koposov, S.; Korn, A.; Lanzafame, A.; Pancino, E.; Paunzen, E.; Recio-Blanco, A.; Sacco, G.; Smiljanic, R.; Van Eck, S.; Walton, N.
AA(Institute of Astronomy, University of Cambridge, United Kingdom) AB(INAF–Osservatorio Astrofisico di Arcetri, Italy) AC(Mount Stromlo Observatory, Australian National University, Canberra, Australia) AD(Dept. of Theoretical Physics, University of Oxford, United Kingdom) AE(GEPI, Observatoire de Paris, France) AF(Centre for Astronomy Research, University of Hertfordshire, United Kingdom) AG(Lund Observatory, Sweden) AH(Institute for Astronomy, University of Edinburgh, United Kingdom) AI(Astrophysics Group, University of Keele, United Kingdom) AJ(INAF–Osservatorio Astronomico di Palermo, Italy) AK(Departamento de Fisica, Universidad de Alicante, Spain) AL(ESTEC, ESA, the Netherlands) AM(Max-Planck Institut für Astronomy, Heidelberg, Germany) AN(INAF–Osservatorio di Padova, Italy) AO(Instituto de Astrofisica de Andalucia-CSIC, Granada, Spain) AP(Istituto Astrofisica de Canarias, Tenerife, Spain) AQ(GEPI, Observatoire de Paris, France) AR(Lund Observatory, Sweden) AS(Royal Observatory of Belgium, Brussels, Belgium) AT(INAF–Osservatorio di Bologna, Italy) AU(INAF–Osservatorio Astronomico di Palermo, Italy) AV(GEPI, Observatoire de Paris, France) AW(Institute of Astronomy, University of Cambridge, United Kingdom) AX(Institute of Astronomy, University of Cambridge, United Kingdom) AY(Dept. of Physics and Astronomy, University of Uppsala, Sweden) AZ(Dipartimento di Fisica e Astronomia, Università di Catania, Italy) BA(Royal Observatory of Belgium, Brussels, Belgium) BB(Institut für Astronomie, Universität Wien, Austria) BC(Observatoire de la Côte d’Azur, Nice, France) BD(INAF–Osservatorio Astrofisico di Arcetri, Italy) BE(ESO) BF(Institut d’Astronomie et d’Astrophysique, Université Libre de Brussels, Belgium) BG(Institute of Astronomy, University of Cambridge, United Kingdom)
Abstract:
The Gaia-ESO Public Spectroscopic Survey has begun and will obtain high quality spectroscopy of some 100000 Milky Way stars, in the field and in open clusters, down to magnitude 19, systematically covering all the major components of the Milky Way. This survey will provide the first homogeneous overview of the distributions of kinematics and chemical element abundances in the Galaxy. The motivation, organisation and implementation of the Gaia-ESO Survey are described, emphasising the complementarity with the ESA Gaia mission. Spectra from the very first observing run of the survey are presented.
References:
Bode, M. & Monnet, G. 2008, The Messenger, 134, 2 Melnick, J. et al. 2009, The Messenger, 136, 64 Turon, C. et al. 2008a, ESA–ESO Working Group Report on Galactic Populations, Chemistry and Dynamics Turon, C. et al. 2008b, The Messenger, 134, 46 van Leeuwen, F. 2007, A&A, 474, 653
32-36 (PDF)
T. Contini et al.
Teenage Galaxies

ADS BibCode:
2012Msngr.147...32C
Section:
Astronomical Science
Author(s)/Affiliation(s):
Contini, T.; Epinat, B.; Vergani, D.; Queyrel, J.; Tasca, L.; Amram, P.; Garilli, B.; Kissler-Patig, M.; Le Fèvre, O.; Moultaka, J.; Paioro, L.; Tresse, L.; Lopez-Sanjuan, C.; Perez-Montero, E.; Perret, V.; Bournaud, F.; Divoy, C.
AA(Institut de Recherche en Astrophysique et Planétologie (IRAP), CNRS, Toulouse, France; IRAP, Université de Toulouse, UPS-OMP, Toulouse, France) AB(Institut de Recherche en Astrophysique et Planétologie (IRAP), CNRS, Toulouse, France; IRAP, Université de Toulouse, UPS-OMP, Toulouse, France; Laboratoire d’Astrophysique de Marseille, Université d’Aix-Marseille & CNRS, Marseille, France) AC(INAF–Instituto di Astrofísica Spaziale e Fisica Cosmica Bologna & Osservatorio Astronomico di Bologna, Italy) AD(Institut de Recherche en Astrophysique et Planétologie (IRAP), CNRS, Toulouse, France; IRAP, Université de Toulouse, UPS-OMP, Toulouse, France) AE(Laboratoire d’Astrophysique de Marseille, Université d’Aix-Marseille & CNRS, Marseille, France) AF(Laboratoire d’Astrophysique de Marseille, Université d’Aix-Marseille & CNRS, Marseille, France) AG(INAF–Instituto di Astrofísica Spaziale e Fisica Cosmica Milano, Italy) AH(ESO) AI(Laboratoire d’Astrophysique de Marseille, Université d’Aix-Marseille & CNRS, Marseille, France) AJ(Institut de Recherche en Astrophysique et Planétologie (IRAP), CNRS, Toulouse, France; IRAP, Université de Toulouse, UPS-OMP, Toulouse, France) AK(INAF–Instituto di Astrofísica Spaziale e Fisica Cosmica Milano, Italy) AL(Laboratoire d’Astrophysique de Marseille, Université d’Aix-Marseille & CNRS, Marseille, France) AM(Laboratoire d’Astrophysique de Marseille, Université d’Aix-Marseille & CNRS, Marseille, France) AN(Instituto de Astrofísica de Andalucia, Granada, Spain) AO(Laboratoire d’Astrophysique de Marseille, Université d’Aix-Marseille & CNRS, Marseille, France) AP(Laboratoire AIM Paris-Saclay, CEA/IRFU/SAp, Gif-sur-Yvette, France) AQ(Institut de Recherche en Astrophysique et Planétologie (IRAP), CNRS, Toulouse, France; IRAP, Université de Toulouse, UPS-OMP, Toulouse, France)
Abstract:
The early growth stages of galaxies are still poorly understood. The aim of the MASSIV survey is to better understand the key processes that govern the evolution of galaxies at redshifts z ~ 1–2, a particularly turbulent period similar to the teenage years. This paper presents this ambitious survey, together with the main results obtained so far from this ESO Large Programme with SINFONI at the VLT.
References:
Bouché, N. et al. 2010, ApJ, 718, 1001 Contini, T. et al. 2012, A&A, 539, A91 Cresci, G. et al. 2010, Nature, 467, 811 Epinat, B. et al. 2012, A&A, 539, A92 Förster Schreiber, N. M. et al. 2009, ApJ, 706, 1364 Förster Schreiber, N. M. et al. 2011, The Messenger, 145, 39 Gnerucci, A. et al. 2011, A&A, 528, 88 Kassin, S. A. et al. 2007, ApJ, 660, 35 Law, D. R. et al. 2007, ApJ, 669, 929 Le Fèvre, O. et al. 2005, A&A, 439, 845 Maoilino, R. et al. 2010, The Messenger, 142, 36 Puech, M. et al. 2008, A&A, 484, 173 Queyrel, J. et al. 2012, A&A, 539, A93 Vergani, D. et al. 2012, A&A, in press, arXiv:1202.3107

Astronomical News

38-40 (PDF)
L. Burtscher et al.
Report on the Workshop Ten Years of VLTI: From First Fringes to Core Science

ADS BibCode:
2012Msngr.147...38B
Section:
Astronomical News
Author(s)/Affiliation(s):
Burtscher, L.; Delplancke, F.; Gilmozzi, R.; Melnick, J.
AA(Max-Planck-Institut für extraterrestrische Physik, Garching, Germany) AB(ESO) AC(ESO) AD(ESO)
Abstract:
The tenth anniversary of first fringes with the VLT interferometer (VLTI) was celebrated by a workshop to trace the history and progress of VLTI, review the science achievements and present the next generation instruments. Highlights of the meeting are reported and the panel discussions summarised.
References:
Eisenhauer, F. et al. 2011, The Messenger, 143, 16 Leinert, C. et al. 2003, The Messenger, 112, 13 Malbet, F. et al. 2007, The Messenger, 127, 33 van Belle, G. et al. 2008, The Messenger, 134, 6 Woltjer, L. 2006, Europe’s Quest for the Universe (Berlin: Springer) Zins, G. et al. 2011, The Messenger, 146, 12
41-43 (PDF)
U. Grothkopf, S. Meakins
ESO Telescope Bibliography: New Public Interface

ADS BibCode:
2012Msngr.147...41G
Section:
Astronomical News
Author(s)/Affiliation(s):
Grothkopf, U.; Meakins, S.
AA(ESO) AB(ESO)
Abstract:
The ESO Telescope Bibliography (telbib) is a database of refereed papers published by the ESO users’ community. All papers that use, partly or exclusively, data from ESO telescopes are included. The front end of telbib has undergone a complete transformation and a state-of-the-art interface has been implemented to provide new features and sophisticated search functionality. telbib has been created and will be further developed by the ESO librarians.
References:
Delmotte, N. et al. 2005, The Messenger, 119, 50 Meakins, S. & Grothkopf, U. 2012, ADASS XXI, Astronomical Society of the Pacific (ASP), in print
43-44 (PDF)
X. Barcons
Greetings from the ESO Council

ADS BibCode:
2012Msngr.147...43B
Section:
Astronomical News
Author(s)/Affiliation(s):
Barcons, X.
AA(Instituto de Física de Cantabria (CSIC-UC), Santander, Spain)
References:
Barcons, X. 2007, The Messenger, 127, 2
44-45 (PDF)
M. West, E. Emsellem
Report on the ESO Fellows Days in Chile 2011

ADS BibCode:
2012Msngr.147...44W
Section:
Astronomical News
Author(s)/Affiliation(s):
West, M.; Emsellem, E.
AA(ESO) AB(ESO)
Abstract:
The 2011 ESO Fellows Days were held in Chile and brought together over 30 ESO Fellows from Garching and Chile. As well as presentations of research and social activities, the Fellows Days included a visit to San Pedro de Atacama and the ALMA site.
45-46 (PDF)
ESO
Call for Nominations for the European Extremely Large Telescope Project Science Team

ADS BibCode:
2012Msngr.147...45.
Section:
Astronomical News
Author(s)/Affiliation(s):
ESO
AA(ESO)
46-46 (PDF)
ESO
ESO Celebrates its 50th Anniversary

ADS BibCode:
2012Msngr.147...46.
Section:
Astronomical News
Author(s)/Affiliation(s):
ESO
AA(ESO)
47-47 (PDF)
ESO
Announcement of the Conference ESO@50 – The First 50 Years of ESO

ADS BibCode:
2012Msngr.147Q..47.
Section:
Astronomical News
Author(s)/Affiliation(s):
ESO
AA(ESO)
47-47 (PDF)
ESO
Announcement of the ESO Workshop Ecology of Blue Straggler Stars

ADS BibCode:
2012Msngr.147R..47.
Section:
Astronomical News
Author(s)/Affiliation(s):
ESO
AA(ESO)
48-48 (PDF)
ESO
Announcement of the ESO Workshop Science from the Next Generation Imaging and Spectroscopic Surveys

ADS BibCode:
2012Msngr.147Q..48.
Section:
Astronomical News
Author(s)/Affiliation(s):
ESO
AA(ESO)
48-49 (PDF)
ESO
Announcement of the ALMA Community Days: Early Science in Cycle 1

ADS BibCode:
2012Msngr.147R..48.
Section:
Astronomical News
Author(s)/Affiliation(s):
ESO
AA(ESO)
49-49 (PDF)
ESO
Announcement of the NEON Observing School 2012

ADS BibCode:
2012Msngr.147...49.
Section:
Astronomical News
Author(s)/Affiliation(s):
ESO
AA(ESO)
50-51 (PDF)
M. Westmoquette, A. Bayo
Fellows at ESO

ADS BibCode:
2012Msngr.147...501
Section:
Astronomical News
Author(s)/Affiliation(s):
Westmoquette, M.; Bayo, A.
AA(ESO) AB(ESO)
52-52 (PDF)
ESO
ESO Studentship Programme

ADS BibCode:
2012Msngr.147...52.
Section:
Astronomical News
Author(s)/Affiliation(s):
ESO
AA(ESO)
53-53 (PDF)
ESO
Personnel Movements

ADS BibCode:
2012Msngr.147...53.
Section:
Astronomical News
Author(s)/Affiliation(s):
ESO
AA(ESO)

Annual Index

56-59 (PDF)
ESO
Annual Index 2011 (Nos. 143–146)

ADS BibCode:
2012Msngr.147...56.
Section:
Annual Index
Author(s)/Affiliation(s):
ESO
AA(ESO)