The cylindrical enclosure selected for the VLT unit telescopes is presented in section and appendix . This type of enclosure retains elements of both the NTT building (namely the large upside-down-L shaped slit doors) and conventional domes. The enclosure structure is essentially an envelope protecting the telescope with a rotating upper part. Louvers and other openings are placed along the entire envelope surface and a proportionally larger volume can be ventilated than in the NTT.
Wind tunnel tests of this enclosure were performed at the boundary layer wind tunnel of the Danish Maritime Institute. The model included the complete enclosure with a fully modeled telescope inside it at a scale of 1:64 as shown in fig. 4.12. The tests were run with several venting configurations of the enclosure
Figure 4.12: Photograph of the test model
We present here the flow properties measured at the location just in front of the top ring of the telescope, as shown in fig. 4.13, which are most determining for the guiding performance of the telescope. The test report ([DMI]) describes the results of all the measurements performed, which included also forces and torques on the telescope and the pressure distribution on the enclosure outer surface.
Fig. 4.14 shows the measured values of mean speed, turbulence intensity and length scale for the different venting configurations. Fig. 4.15 gives the normalized rms of dynamic pressure . The results follow a pattern similar to the case of the NTT when the flow can pass through the telescope volume (louvers open): mean speeds decrease sharply for azimuth angles greater than 20 ; without windscreen there is a large increase of turbulence for azimuth angles between 20 and 40 . The fluctuations of dynamic pressure on the telescope will be largest for an azimuth , where the turbulence length scale drops to about 0.2 of the slit width.
However, when the louvers are closed and the cylinder surface is air tight except for the large slit (configurations C-C-O and C-C-20%), the flow cannot pass through the telescope volume and the speed near the top of the telescope speed increases with a growing azimuth angle at least until 40 . Unfortunately no measurements were performed for these configurations at larger azimuth angles.
Like for the NTT, the data conclude to the need of a 20% semi-permeable windscreen which will limit high frequency pressure fluctuations on the telescope by reducing the mean flow velocity.
Figure 4.14: Cylindrical enclosure: flow on telescope upper part
Figure 4.10: Normalized rms of dynamic pressure on the telescope upper part