The package follows a very flexible scheme, where most of the reduction steps include several algorithms which can be dynamically chosen and some of the steps can be executed optionally. Experienced users could modify the scheme to adapt it to their data configuration. The methods described here are generally sufficient to cover a wide range of echelle formats. The ESO instruments supported by the package are CASPEC (Cassegrain Echelle Spectrograph), EFOSC(1+2), ECHELLEC, and EMMI.
The package provides a set of about 30 first-level basic commands to perform the reduction, most of them having the qualifier ECHELLE. These commands are structured in five main MIDAS procedures to perform complete steps of reduction. In Section 7.1 we describe the algorithms used in the echelle reduction, i.e. the algorithms to find the position of the echelle orders, order extraction procedures, wavelength calibration and instrument response correction. In Section 7.10 we include a brief outline of the different data formats involved in the reduction and a summary of the commands. Finally, the session parameters are detailed in Section 7.11
NoteThis chapter only provides a synopsis of the commands needed for the reduction of echelle. It is important to realise that it can neither substitute the HELP information available for each command nor be exhaustive, especially not with regard to the usage of general utilities such as the MIDAS Table System, the AGL Graphics package, etc. Reduction steps which are not specific to echelle spectra are described in more detail in Chapter L. The Appendix D provides a practical approach to echelle reduction.