The European ALMA Regional Centre invites European ALMA users to a virtual community assembly on April 17 at 11:00 CEST, in connection with the Cycle 10 call for proposals. At this meeting, we will provide more information on the procedures for Joint Proposals with other facilities, including the European Southern Observatory's Very Large Telescope, the Space Telescope Science Institute's James Webb Space Telescope, and the National Radio Astronomy Observatory's Karl G. Jansky Very Large Array.
The Joint ALMA Observatory (JAO) will start Cycle 10 observations in October 2023. A Call for Proposals (CfP) with detailed information on Cycle 10 is anticipated to be issued in April 2023 and the deadline for proposal submission is anticipated to be on 10 May 2023. The purpose of this pre-announcement is to highlight aspects of the CfP to assist with early planning.
The ALMA Cycle 10 Pre-Announcement was recently released. As a reminder, Principal Investigators who wish to submit a proposal to ALMA for Very Long Baseline Interferometry (VLBI) observations in ALMA Bands 1 or 3 made in concert with the Global mm-VLBI Array (GMVA) at 7mm and 3 mm must also submit a proposal to the GMVA by its 1 February 2023 deadline. More information can be found here.
The VLTI and ALMA Synthesis Imaging Workshop was held at the European Southern Observatory, Garching, on January 9-12, 2023. The purposes of this international science meeting are to build awareness of the complexities the two regimes are covering in image analysis, to strengthen the synergies between the two communities and to find a common ground to advance imaging algorithms. All these components are essential also in view of the Joint VLT-ALMA Proposals to be offered during ALMA Cycle 10. With a total of 100 participants, the hybrid format allowed talk contributions on a global basis and constructive discussions. This event has received funding from the European Union's Horizon 2020 research and innovation programme. A number of invited speakers and young researchers were supported to attend the event.
Group picture taken during one of the coffee breaks on day 3. The associated institutions from the above participants are: CRAL, ESO, Excellence Cluster ORIGINS, IPAG, IRAM, KU Leuven, Leiden Observatory, LMU, MPA, MPE, NAOJ, North-West University, OCA, ORIGINS Data Science Lab, UNAM, University of Naples Federico II, University of Trieste.
ALMA science highlight
ALMA reveals secrets of turbulence in Carina's Western Wall
ALMA images of the Western Wall of Eta Carina in 12CO (left), 13CO (middle) and C18O (right) at a velocity of -25.27 km/s. The Western Wall is clearly visible, and the C18O emission is more localised to the irradiated surface of the cloud despite it being optically thin.
Spectacular ALMA observations of the Western Wall of eta Carina have been used to infer the underlying structure of the distribution of material in this molecular cloud. Downes et al (2023) developed a new analysis technique to use the ALMA observations of 12CO, 13CO and C18O to find any particular important length-scales for the distribution of the material. The data was also analysed using two other, independent and more standard, techniques. All the analyses show that, somewhat surprisingly, there is indeed a dominant length-scale of around 0.02 pc – 0.03 pc. Structures on this length-scale are likely to be formed by the complex interplay between turbulence and self-gravity. Results such as this are crucial for understanding the origin of the Initial Mass Function and for star formation in general. The analyses also demonstrated that, in this cloud, the intense radiation from nearby OB associations does not have a significant impact on the dynamics of the material interior to the cloud.
Even more excitingly, by combining this ALMA data with observations using the Gemini telescopes Downes and his collaborators, Dr Hartigan and Dr Isella of Rice University, have demonstrated that the existence and size of this dominant length-scale can be detected by only observing the highly irradiated surface of this molecular cloud.
Meet the ARC
Dr. Ana López Sepulcre
Ana joined the IRAM ARC node in 2016, first as a post-doc, and since 2017 as a permanent Astronomer. She is involved in contact scientist support and testing software tools, as well as in the European ARC visibility working group. In parallel, she carries out support activities related to the operations of the IRAM NOEMA interferometer and its user community. As a staff member of the University of Grenoble-Alpes (France), Ana also spends 20% of her time teaching at the University and participating in a variety of outreach activities related to (sub)-millimetre-wavelength science.
Ana's research interests are centred on astrochemistry of the early stages of star formation, with a particular emphasis on the chemical diversity existent among solar-mass protostars in terms of their organic molecular budget. She is a co-I of the ALMA Large Programs FAUST (P.I. S. Yamamoto) and ALMA-IMF (P.I. F. Motte). Ana's favourite job is supervising master and PhD students!
The Czech node of the EU ARC is hosted by the Astronomical Institute of the Czech Academy of Sciences. It is based in Ondřejov, about 35 km south-east of Prague, but visitors can also come to Prague, where the Institute has one of its departments. The node supports the local community of ALMA users, primarily from the Czech Republic but is open to all users from the region of central Europe. Its main areas of expertise are solar astrophysics and extra-galactic/galactic astrophysics. The Czech node serves all European PIs regarding solar observations with ALMA, since it is the only place in the EU ARC network with expertise in this area. The node's international team composed of post-docs and senior members provides face-2-face support in basically all stages of ALMA observations – from preparations of observing projects in Phases 1 and 2, to reduction and processing of the acquired data. They also perform quality checks of the data as part of the observatory quality assurance process. The community can make use of a high-performance computer cluster in Ondřejov for their ALMA data processing as well as numerical modelling and simulations of the observational results
An important part of the Czech node's activities is education. It organizes workshops and hands-on schools focused on ALMA capabilities and the preparation of proposals (typically in March prior to ALMA Calls for proposals), as well as interferometry data processing. The node team members support university students by delivering courses and seminars on the topic of radioastronomy, and supervising theses. In 2023 the node plans to participate in the IAU-International Visegrad Fund Mobility Awards for hosting international students. The node has also been involved in the EU ARC training series I-TRAIN and other network activities.
The Czech node is further active in ALMA development, mainly by means of the ESO ALMA Development Studies. In the past it participated in the preparation and introduction of the special regime for ALMA observations of the Sun, that has been available since the Cycle 4. Currently, the node leads another Study, called "High-resolution solar ALMA imaging", to investigate how to make more extended ALMA baselines accessible also for solar observations. The node further participates in the development of solar CASA calibration and imaging scripts, as well as the development of solar-specific routines that are shared world-wide by the other ARC centers.
The Czech EU ARC node team is happy to welcome all interested users, both physically and virtually, in Ondřejov and Prague!
Join the online ALMA training events!
The European ARC Network invites you to the next session of the online training series I-TRAIN, which will be:
Running the Single Dish Pipeline - 27th January 2023
You can find further details on this session below. You can access or subscribe to the calendar of sessions at [calendar URL][iCal address].
Please contact us by submitting a ticket to the ALMA HelpDesk (Department "General Queries") if you wish to provide your feedback on I-TRAIN. Information on the I-TRAIN sessions, including legacy materials and links to YouTube videos from previous sessions, are available in the Science Portal.
Click here for more information about joint proposals!
Did you know...
that you can request calibrated measurement sets via the CalMS service of the EU ARC which will then be made available for download? The service is open both for ALMA PIs or Delegees with proprietary ALMA data and for archival users wanting to use datasets for which the proprietary time has expired.
MAYA 2023 is a conference targeted toward early career astronomers interested in ALMA, which will take place online from 6th to 10th March 2023.
The goals of the meeting are to allow the participants to present their scientific work, interact with other participants and staff working in the ARC nodes, and potentially trigger new collaborations and new projects. The meeting is open to astronomers from all over the world. The final program selection will incorporate diversity of topics and speakers.For details and registration, please visit this page.
The Department of Physics at Winona State University (WSU) is happy to announce a workshop on infrared fine-structure lines. This 4-day conference will take place from 26th to 29th of June 2023 in the Science Laboratory Center at WSU in Winona, Minnesota, USA.
The meeting will cover all topics related to the use of the infrared fine-structure lines as probes of the interstellar medium and properties of galaxies. This will include observational results as well as theoretical models and simulations. We aim to assemble a diverse group of astronomers including observers, theoreticians, and instrumentalists whose interests span from the earliest epochs to the present day, and galactic ecosystems to our own Milky Way. For details and registration, please visit this page.
Social media highlight
A long transatlantic flight to Chile needs a little break. The @ESO guest house (in particular the pool and garden 😍) in Santiago provides a nice respite between the ~15-hour flight from Europe and the onward journey to @almaobs ! ☺️ pic.twitter.com/GG1mcr5jXO