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general UVES-ECH UVES-MOS

Generally UVES-MOS calibration data are taken as day-time calibrations. On request by the user, also night-time calibrations (flat fields) can be obtained as part of the Observing Block which generates the SCIENCE data.For high-precision radial velocity studies, it is also possible to record an arc lamp spectrum simultaneously with the SCIENCE data.

All day-time calibration data are processed by QC Garching to obtain calibration solutions. These solutions come as

  • master calibration files (master BIAS, master FLAT),
  • calibration products like dispersion tables.
TYPES OF RAW CALIBRATION DATA


The following table contains an overview of the raw calibration files for UVES-MOS. The data types are identified with the DPR TYPE keyword of the fits headers.
frame DPR TYPE Purpose
typical number taken per night and setting
BIAS BIAS detector status, bias level
5
DARK DARK dark current
-
FORMAT CHECK LAMP,FMTCHK,SimCal align spectral format to physical model
1
ORDER DEFINITION FLAT LAMP,ORDERDEF,SimCal define position of orders and interorder background
1
SLIT FLAT LAMP,SFLAT fixed pattern noise, fringing, blaze function
3 frames in 3 slit positions
FIBRE FLAT

LAMP,FLAT,ODD
LAMP,FLAT,EVEN
LAMP,FLAT,ALL

define fibre positions, correct for fibre cross talk
1 ODD/EVEN/ALL set
WAVELENGTH CALIBRATION LAMP,WAVE dispersion solution
1

SLIT FLATs are similar to UVES Echelle flats but are taken in three different slit positions so that the whole space between two orders on the chip is covered. FIBRE FLATs come in three different varieties: with only ODD numbered fibres illuminated, with only EVEN numbered fibres illuminated, and with ALL fibres illuminated. All three varieties are measured in a sequence.

Examples of raw UVES-MOS frames and FITS headers are available from the FLAMES-UVES reference frames page.

For a complete overview of the data types and their dependencies, check the calibration cascade.

 

CALIBRATION PRODUCTS


Recipes and products

Complete overview of calibration files and recipes

The following UVES-MOS calibration products are created from raw calibration files:

raw frame(s) recipe description
product(s)
BIAS [bias_th.gif 3K] uves_cal_mkmaster create a master bias from set of input raw frames
MASTER_BIAS
DARK uves_cal_mkmaster create a master dark from set of input raw frames
MASTER_DARK (only occasionally produced)
FORMAT CHECK [fmt_th1.gif, 2K] flames_cal_predict obtain first guess wavelength calibration solution
FIB_LIN_GUE table, FIB_DRS table
ORDER DEFINITION FLAT [order_th.gif, 2K] flames_cal_orderpos define guess order table
FIB_ORDEF frame, FIB_ORD_GUE table, FIB_DRS table
SLIT FLAT [flat_th.gif 2K] flames_cal_mkmaster create a set of three master flats from input flats MASTER_SFLAT
FIBRE FLAT [flat_th.gif 2K] flames_cal_sff_ofpos obtain final order table, define fibre solutions FIB_ORDERDEF_TABLE, FIB_FF_*, SLIT_FF_*
WAVELENGTH CALIBRATION [wave_th.gif 3K] uves_cal_wavecal obtain wavelength calibration solution
FIB_LINE_TABLE, FIB_DRS table

Naming scheme

After production and certification, the calibration products are renamed after a scheme which includes type, creation date and relevant setting parameters.

Description of naming scheme

CALIBRATION CASCADE


The processing of UVES calibration frames requires a cascading scheme where the mutual dependencies of products and raw frames have to be respected. Some products (master bias, first guess line table) can be produced from raw files only, but most products require the prior generation of other calibration products. The proper sequence of all these production steps is called the calibration cascade (see also here).

Within that cascade, all products are checked with respect to their quality and their relationship in time. This means e.g. that a master flat is not only generated using an arbitrary quality-checked order table, but that specific table is chosen which at the moment of processing is closest in time.

All products created by QC Garching respect the calibration cascade.

STATIC CALIBRATION TABLES


The following static calibration tables (not regularly updated) are used by the UVES pipeline:

The flux standard table contains tabulated fluxes for the flux standard stars in use for UVES.

They have been part of the data packages for UVES data, and they are also delivered through the calSelector archive service.