Artist’s impression of the disc of dust and gas around a brown dwarf

This artist’s impression shows the disc of gas and cosmic dust around a brown dwarf.

Rocky planets are thought to form through the random collision and sticking together of what are initially microscopic particles in the disc of material around a star. These tiny grains, known as cosmic dust, are similar to very fine soot or sand. Astronomers using the Atacama Large Millimeter/submillimeter Array (ALMA) have for the first time found that the outer region of a dusty disc encircling a brown dwarf — a star-like object, but one too small to shine brightly like a star — also contains millimetre-sized solid grains like those found in denser discs around newborn stars. The surprising finding challenges theories of how rocky, Earth-scale planets form, and suggests that rocky planets may be even more common in the Universe than expected.

Credit:

ALMA (ESO/NAOJ/NRAO)/M. Kornmesser (ESO)

About the Image

Id:eso1248a
Type:Artwork
Release date:30 November 2012, 12:00
Related releases:eso1248
Size:4000 x 2475 px

About the Object

Name:ISO-Oph 102
Type:Milky Way : Star : Type : Brown Dwarf
Distance:400 light years
Category:Illustrations
Stars

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