Announcements 2013

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ann13011-en-gb — Announcement
Final ALMA Front End Delivered
22 February 2013: The final front end for the Atacama Large Millimeter/submillimeter Array (ALMA) has been delivered to the observatory’s Operations Support Facility (OSF) in Chile, marking another milestone in the completion of the project. With one installed in each of ALMA’s 66 antennas, the front ends are the first step in a long chain of devices that receive, convert, process and record the astronomical data collected by the telescope. Each front end contains a set of extremely sensitive receivers, cooled to temperatures of just four degrees above absolute zero (-269 degrees Celsius), which detect the millimetre- and submillimetre-wavelength light that ALMA “sees”. Construction of the front ends for ALMA has been shared between the European, North American and East Asian partners in the project. Twenty-six of the total complement of 70 units were built at the European Front End Integration Centre, based at the Rutherford Appleton Laboratory (RAL) in the UK, including ...
ann13010-en-gb — Announcement
New Laser Improves VLT’s Capabilities
21 February 2013: A new and more powerful laser has successfully completed testing at ESO’s Paranal Observatory and has been formally accepted today. This new laser source is called PARLA and forms a vital part of the Laser Guide Star Facility (LGSF) at ESO’s Very Large Telescope (VLT). The laser is used to generate an artificial star about 90 kilometres up in the atmosphere [1]. By creating and observing such a bright point of light astronomers can probe the turbulence in the layers of the atmosphere above the telescope. This information is then used to adjust deformable mirrors in real time in order to correct most of the disturbances caused by the constant movement of atmosphere and create much sharper images. The new laser will greatly improve the reliability and flexibility in operating the LGSF. It uses similar technology to that which will also be employed in the four lasers of the future ...
ann13009-en-gb — Announcement
ESO Extends Lead as World’s Most Productive Ground-based Observatory
19 February 2013: An analysis of the number of peer-reviewed scientific papers published in 2012 using data from ESO’s telescopes and instruments has shown that ESO remains the world’s most productive ground-based observatory. More than 870 refereed papers using ESO data were published last year, a significant increase from the previous totals, and the most in ESO’s history. The number of papers using observations from ESO in 2012 was slightly ahead of those that used data from the NASA/ESA Hubble Space Telescope. About 70% of all the papers credited to ESO in 2012 employ data acquired using the Very Large Telescope (VLT)/ VLT Interferometer facilities, a fraction that has been consistently increasing over the past three years. Other facilities of the La Silla Paranal Observatory — including the survey telescope VISTA at Paranal as well as La Silla telescopes and instruments — have similar numbers to the previous year, and they alone nearly ...
annlocal13001-pt — Announcement
Cosmos deslumbra portugueses a partir do mês de Fevereiro
15 February 2013: Dezenas de imagens astronómicas poderão ser vistas na exposição Um Universo Deslumbrante, a partir do dia 8 de Fevereiro no Museu Nacional de História Natural e da Ciência (MNHNC), em Lisboa. O público poderá observar imagens de galáxias, nebulosas e enxames de estrelas, em grande formato e em alta definição, obtidas pelos telescópios do Observatório Europeu do Sul (ESO) no âmbito da celebração dos 50 anos desta instituição europeia para a investigação em astronomia. Portugal, membro do ESO desde 2001, associa-se assim a este evento, que constitui um marco na história da astronomia na Europa. José Afonso, director do Centro de Astronomia e Astrofísica da Universidade de Lisboa (CAAUL) e comissário da exposição, sublinha que “este evento é, acima de tudo, uma homenagem à capacidade e ao engenho do ser humano, nesta eterna procura pelas suas origens. As imagens deslumbrantes em exposição mostram as maravilhas que o Universo nos oferece, ...
ann13008-en-gb — Announcement
ESOcast 53: Chile Chill 3
15 February 2013: This is the third installment of Chile Chill, a type of ESOcast designed to offer a calm experience of the Chilean night sky and ESO’s observing sites, undisturbed by facts or narration. In this episode we are treated to stunning views of the Atacama Desert, including the conical volcano Licancabur and slow moonrises over the Andes. This episode is focused on ALMA, the Atacama Large Millimeter/submillimeter Array. Watch the synchronised movement of the antennas as they dance to an audience of stars, which appear to race across the sky in time-lapse sequences. The ALMA project is very near to completion and is already providing scientists with many exciting and significant results. The video is set to instrumental music composed by John Stanford (johnstanfordmusic.com). More Information The ESOcast is a video podcast series dedicated to bringing you the latest news and research from ESO — the European Southern Observatory. Subscribe to ...
annlocal13001-uk — Announcement
Виставка Awesome Universe у Музеї Космонавтики ім С.П.Корольова у Житомирі
31 January 2013: 12 січня 2013 в день 106-ї річниці від дня народження знаменитого житомирянина С.П. Корольова, Генерального Конструктора ракетної техніки СРСР часів 1950-60х, Музей Космонавтики ім. С.П. Корольова міста Житомир приймав почесних гостей, серед яких була Валентина Леонідівна Пономарьова [1] - учасниця першого загону космонавтів, дублер В.В.Терешкової. Окрім цього, гості та відвідувачі мали змогу помилуватись чудовими зображеннями небесних об’єктів та телескопів, котрі були представлені на виставці [2]  “Awesome Universe”, організованій на честь 50-ї річниці ESO [3]. У числі 30 великих зображень гарної якості, були присутні  зображення таких знаменитих об’єктів, як туманності на прізвиська “Равлик”, “Кінська Голова”, галактики на прізвиська “Сомбреро”, “Антени”, світлини телескопа VISTA, Дуже Великого Телескопа (VLT), а також зображення Європейського Надзвичайно Великого Телескопа (E-ELT) - "найбільшого у світі ока до неба" із діаметром дзеркала 39 м, котрий ESO планує звести у Чилі у найближче десятиліття. С.П. Корольов був видатним конструктором ракетної техніки, завдяки якій людство змогло вирватись із пут земного ...
ann13007-en-gb — Announcement
Café & Kosmos 5 February 2013
31 January 2013: with Dr. Andreas Müller (Universe Cluster) Time paces our life. We plan our schedules and our whole lives using it. In contrast to space, time has only one direction. It is constantly progressing, and we can not move back in time to undo mistakes from our past. However, according to Einstein's theory of relativity, time is not as unalterable as we experience it. Worse: when studying time, we have to consider what the whole Universe is doing, and under some conditions, time might even vanish. At next Café & Kosmos on 5 February 2013, Dr. Andreas Müller (Excellence Cluster Universe), author of the book Space and Time will discuss the mysteries of time with the audience. Exceptionally, Café & Kosmos will take place on the first Tuesday of the month (instead of the second) on 5 February. Also, please note of the new venue: Café & Kosmos will take place ...
ann13006-en-gb — Announcement
ESO takes part in Chile’s biggest ever international summit
22 January 2013: The Summit of the Community of Latin American and Caribbean States (CELAC) and the European Union, the largest such event ever organised in Chile, was opened by President Sebastian Piñera today. The summit is a forum for the discussion of international affairs, with 61 heads of state and of government and their delegations invited, and with 1500 journalists from around the globe among the 3000 delegates attending. The summit is taking place between 22 and 27 January in Santiago. Astronomy will be a strong theme throughout the event, featured on various occasions on giant screens at the conference, through imagery of and from ESO’s observatories in Northern Chile. In the “Retiro” (“retreat”), the small room where heads of state will gather in an intimate setting to discuss international matters, a scale model of ESO’s European Extremely Large Telescope will decorate the centre of the room amidst constellations of the southern ...
ann13005-en-gb — Announcement
ESO Industry Day in Poland
22 January 2013: On 22 January 2013 an ESO Industry Day was held at the Nicolaus Copernicus Astronomical Center in Warsaw, Poland. The meeting offered representatives of Polish companies and institutions information about ESO, and the potential opportunities — should Poland at some point join the organisation — to take part in its industrial activities. “We are delighted to have this opportunity to inform industry in Poland about ESO's current facilities and its challenging future plans,” said Tim de Zeeuw, ESO’s Director General, at the opening of the meeting. "Many exciting opportunities for ESO's Member States will appear in the near future, both for scientists and for industry, now that the E-ELT programme has been fully approved by the ESO Council." Modern astronomical telescopes and detectors are composed of many elements, which have to be designed by engineers and scientists, and produced by scientific and technological companies and institutes. Observatories need advanced infrastructure ...
annlocal13001-es-cl — Announcement
Destacados científicos internacionales visitan Paranal en el marco del Congreso del Futuro
22 January 2013: Un grupo de destacados científicos internacionales visitó el Very Large Telescope (VLT) de ESO en Cerro Paranal el 20 de enero de 2013, como parte de las actividades de la segunda versión del Congreso del Futuro, organizado por el Congreso de Chile para incentivar la reflexión sobre temas de ciencia, tecnología y ciudadanía en el país. Hasta el Observatorio Paranal de ESO, ubicado en la Segunda Región de Chile, llegaron investigadores de renombre mundial como Paul Davies, físico, escritor y profesor de la Universidad Estatal de Arizona; Michel Brunet, paleontólogo y descubridor de Toumai, el bípedo más antiguo encontrado hasta nuestros días; y Enge Wang, profesor de Física y secretario general de la Academia China de Ciencias. Los visitantes fueron recibidos en Paranal por el Representante de ESO en Chile, Massimo Tarenghi, quien los llevó a recorrer el interior de uno de los cuatro telescopios de 8,2 metros que conforman ...
ann13004-en-gb — Announcement
New ESO Science Outreach Network countries
22 January 2013: ESO has extended its Science Outreach Network (ESON) further, by appointing national representatives for Russia, Romania and Latvia. The network now covers 27 countries, including the 15 member states. The core of the ESO website is now available in 19 different languages. This means that over one and half billion people can now access information about ESO and read about astronomical discoveries in their native language. Press releases are translated into 17 different languages, and many of the Pictures of the Week and announcements are made available in more and more languages. The nodes of the ESO Science Outreach Network act as ESO’s local media and outreach contacts with the general aim of promoting ESO's mission and demonstrating the many inspirational aspects of astronomy. They also serve as contacts between the media and scientists in their local area and can also be approached in connection with ESO’s projects and other ...
ann13003-en-gb — Announcement
ESOcast 52: It's Raining Stars!
15 January 2013: On 14–16 December 2012, the Geminid meteor shower made a spectacular appearance over ESO's Paranal Observatory in Chile. As the meteors showered down over the site, ESO Photo Ambassador Gianluca Lombardi was ready with his camera to record the spectacle. He spent over 40 hours recording the shower. The Geminids is a shower of shooting stars appearing to emanate from within the constellation of Gemini (The Twins). This shower occurs when the Earth cuts through the orbit of an asteroid named 3200 Phaethon, which happens once each year, in December. Particles in the trail of dust along the orbit of Phaethon burn up in our atmosphere, creating the brilliant, fast-moving points of light characteristic of meteor showers. This is the second installment of Chile Chill, a type of ESOcast designed to offer a calm experience of the Chilean night sky and ESO’s observing sites, undisturbed by narration. The Very Large ...
ann13002-en-gb — Announcement
ALMA Doubles its Power in New Phase of More Advanced Observations
8 January 2013: ALMA (the Atacama Large Millimeter/submillimeter Array) has begun a new and more advanced phase of science observations. This phase is known as Early Science Cycle 1, and will last until October 2013. The telescope’s power has been greatly increased: it will make observations with more antennas, spread over a greater distance, than ever before, and will use antennas from the Atacama Compact Array (ACA) for the first time. Although ALMA is still under construction, its first scientific operations began in 2011. This phase was known as Early Science Cycle 0. ALMA has already outperformed all other telescopes of its kind, and the unprecedented capabilities of the telescope have brought a first wave of exciting scientific results over the last year (see for example ann12101, eso1216, eso1239, and eso1248). The Cycle 0 observations started with just 16 of the telescope’s final complement of 66 antennas (which will be composed of a ...
ann13001-en-gb — Announcement
Café & Kosmos 8 January 2013
4 January 2013: With Prof. Dr. Andreas Burkert (Universe Cluster) A gas cloud identified as G2 is rapidly moving toward the centre of the Milky Way. In 2013, it will make its closest approach to the supermassive black hole that is lurking there. The cloud has a mass a few times that of the Earth, and it is observable with the ESO Very Large Telescope in Chile. Such an observation will be extraordinary for several reasons: first, the passage of a gas cloud near — or into — a black hole has never been observed before. Also, the evolution of the cloud is expected to be very fast. Theoreticians will therefore be able to check the predictions of their models very quickly. Prof. Dr. Andreas Burkert, from the Excellence Cluster Universe, will discuss the possible fate of this cloud with the guests of the next Café & Kosmos, on 8 January 2013. Please ...
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