Messenger No. 119 (March 2005)

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2-5 (PDF)
ESO
Scientific Strategy Planning at ESO

ADS BibCode:
2005Msngr.119....2.
Author(s)/Affiliation(s):
ESO
AA(ESO)
Abstract:
Introduction by Ralf Bender, Chair of the Scientific Strategy Working Group; Report from the Working Group on Scientific Strategy Planning; ESO Council Resolution on Scientific Strategy

Telescopes and Instrumentation

6-8 (PDF)
M. Casali et al.
Wide Field Infrared Imaging on the VLT with HAWK-I

ADS BibCode:
2005Msngr.119....6C
Section:
Telescopes and Instrumentation
Author(s)/Affiliation(s):
Casali, M.; Pirard, J.-F.; Kissler-Patig, M.; Moorwood, A.; Bedin, R.; Biereichel, P.; Delabre, B.; Dorn, R.; Finger, G.; Gojak, D.; Hubin, N.; Huster, G.; Jung, Y.; Koch, F.; Le Louarn, M.; Lizon, J.-L.; Mehrgan, L.; Pozna, E.; Silber, A.; Sokar, B.; Stegmeier, J.
AA(EUROPEAN SOUTHERN OBSERVATORY) AB(EUROPEAN SOUTHERN OBSERVATORY) AC(EUROPEAN SOUTHERN OBSERVATORY) AD(EUROPEAN SOUTHERN OBSERVATORY) AE(EUROPEAN SOUTHERN OBSERVATORY) AF(EUROPEAN SOUTHERN OBSERVATORY) AG(EUROPEAN SOUTHERN OBSERVATORY) AH(EUROPEAN SOUTHERN OBSERVATORY) AI(EUROPEAN SOUTHERN OBSERVATORY) AJ(EUROPEAN SOUTHERN OBSERVATORY) AK(EUROPEAN SOUTHERN OBSERVATORY) AL(EUROPEAN SOUTHERN OBSERVATORY) AM(EUROPEAN SOUTHERN OBSERVATORY) AN(EUROPEAN SOUTHERN OBSERVATORY) AO(EUROPEAN SOUTHERN OBSERVATORY) AP(EUROPEAN SOUTHERN OBSERVATORY) AQ(EUROPEAN SOUTHERN OBSERVATORY) AR(EUROPEAN SOUTHERN OBSERVATORY) AS(EUROPEAN SOUTHERN OBSERVATORY) AT(EUROPEAN SOUTHERN OBSERVATORY) AU(EUROPEAN SOUTHERN OBSERVATORY)
Abstract:
HAWK-I is a new wide field infrared camera under development at ESO. With a 7.5 arcminute square field of view and 0.1 arcsecond pixels, it will be an optimum imager for the VLT, and a major enhancement to existing and future infrared capabilities at ESO.
References:
Arsenault, R., Hubin, N., Le Louarn, M., Monnet,
G., Sarazin, M. 2004, The Messenger, 115, 11
Emerson, J. P. et al. 2004, The Messenger, 117, 27
8-8 (PDF)
ESO
ESO's Two Observatories Merge

ADS BibCode:
2005Msngr.119....8.
Section:
Telescopes and Instrumentation
Author(s)/Affiliation(s):
ESO
AA(ESO)
Abstract:
On February 1, 2005, ESO merged its two observatories, La Silla and Paranal, into one. This move will help ESO to better manage its many and diverse projects by deploying available resources more efficiently where and when they are needed. The merged observatory will be known as the La Silla Paranal Observatory.
9-13 (PDF)
M. Kasper et al.
New observing modes of NACO

ADS BibCode:
2005Msngr.119....9K
Section:
Telescopes and Instrumentation
Author(s)/Affiliation(s):
Kasper, M.; Ageorges, N.; Boccaletti, A.; Brandner, W.; Close, L. M.; Davies, R.; Finger, G.; Genzel, R.; Hartung, M.; Kaufer, A.; Kellner, S.; Hubin, N.; Lenzen, R.; Lidman, C.; Monnet, G.; Moorwood, A.; Ott, T.; Riaud, P.; Röser, H.-J.; Rouan, D.; Spyromilio, J.
AA(EUROPEAN SOUTHERN OBSERVATORY, GARCHING, GERMANY) AB(EUROPEAN SOUTHERN OBSERVATORY, SANTIAGO, CHILE) AC(LESIA, OBSERVATOIRE DE PARIS, MEUDON, FRANCE) AD(MAX-PLANCK-INSTITUT FÜR ASTRONOMIE, HEIDELBERG, GERMANY) AE(STEWARD OBSERVATORY, TUCSON, USA) AF(MAX-PLANCK-INSTITUT FÜR EXTRATERRESTRISCHE PHYSIK, GARCHING, GERMANY) AG(EUROPEAN SOUTHERN OBSERVATORY, GARCHING, GERMANY) AH(MAX-PLANCK-INSTITUT FÜR EXTRATERRESTRISCHE PHYSIK, GARCHING, GERMANY) AI(EUROPEAN SOUTHERN OBSERVATORY, SANTIAGO, CHILE) AJ(EUROPEAN SOUTHERN OBSERVATORY, SANTIAGO, CHILE) AK(MAX-PLANCK-INSTITUT FÜR ASTRONOMIE, HEIDELBERG, GERMANY) AL(EUROPEAN SOUTHERN OBSERVATORY, GARCHING, GERMANY) AM(MAX-PLANCK-INSTITUT FÜR ASTRONOMIE, HEIDELBERG, GERMANY) AN(EUROPEAN SOUTHERN OBSERVATORY, SANTIAGO, CHILE) AO(EUROPEAN SOUTHERN OBSERVATORY, GARCHING, GERMANY) AP(EUROPEAN SOUTHERN OBSERVATORY, GARCHING, GERMANY) AQ(MAX-PLANCK-INSTITUT FÜR EXTRATERRESTRISCHE PHYSIK, GARCHING, GERMANY) AR(LESIA, OBSERVATOIRE DE PARIS, MEUDON, FRANCE) AS(MAX-PLANCK-INSTITUT FÜR ASTRONOMIE, HEIDELBERG, GERMANY) AT(LESIA, OBSERVATOIRE DE PARIS, MEUDON, FRANCE) AU(EUROPEAN SOUTHERN OBSERVATORY, SANTIAGO, CHILE)
Abstract:
After more than two years of regular operation, a number of upgrades have recently been installed for NACO and offered to the community. The article describes the new observing modes and provides examples of astronomical applications in high-contrast imaging, spectroscopy and polarimetry.
References:
Boccaletti, A. et al. 2004, PASP, 116, 1061
Brandner, W. et al 2002, The Messenger, 107, 1
Close, L. M. et al. 2005, Nature, 433, 286
Genzel, R. et al. 2003, Nature, 425, 934
Gratadour, D. et al. 2005, A&A, 429, 433
Hartung, M. et al. 2004, Proc. SPIE, 5492, 1531
Hartung, M. et al. 2004, A&A, 421, L17
Lagrange, A. M. et al. 2003, Proc. SPIE, 4841, 860
Lenzen, R. et al. 2003, Proc. SPIE, 4841, 944
Lenzen, R. et al. 2004, Proc. SPIE, 5492, 970
Marois, C. et al. 2000, PASP, 112, 91
Moultaka, J. et al. 2004, A&A, 425, 529
Rouan, D. et al. 2000, PASP, 112, 1479
Schödel, R. et al. 2002, Nature, 419, 694
14-17 (PDF)
M. Wittkowski et al.
Observing with the ESO VLT Interferometer

ADS BibCode:
2005Msngr.119...14W
Section:
Telescopes and Instrumentation
Author(s)/Affiliation(s):
Wittkowski, M.; Comerón, F.; Glindemann, A.; Hummel, C.; Morel, S.; Percheron, I.; Petr-Gotzens, M.; Schöller, M.
AA(EUROPEAN SOUTHERN OBSERVATORY) AB(EUROPEAN SOUTHERN OBSERVATORY) AC(EUROPEAN SOUTHERN OBSERVATORY) AD(EUROPEAN SOUTHERN OBSERVATORY) AE(EUROPEAN SOUTHERN OBSERVATORY) AF(EUROPEAN SOUTHERN OBSERVATORY) AG(EUROPEAN SOUTHERN OBSERVATORY) AH(EUROPEAN SOUTHERN OBSERVATORY)
Abstract:
The ESO VLT Interferometer (VLTI) has been in operation since achieving First Fringes in March 2001. A broad spectrum of activities has been covered ranging from commissioning, shared-risk science observations, science demonstration and guaranteed time observations, to regular observation programmes in service and visitor mode. The VLTI operations scheme is fully integrated into the well established regular operations scheme of all VLT instruments. In particular, the same kind and level of service and support is offered to users of VLTI instruments as to users of any instrument at the single UTs on Paranal. Thereby, the VLTI has become worldwide the first general-user optical/infrared interferometric facility offered with this kind of service to the astronomical community.
References:
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al. 1996, A&A, 306, L 13
Baldwin, J. E. & Haniff, C. A. 2002, Phil. Trans.
R. Soc. London, Ser. A, 360, 969
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Benson, J. A., Hutter, D. J., Elias, N. M., II, et al.
1997, AJ, 114, 1221
Comerón, F., Romaniello, M., Breysacher, J.,
Silva, D. & Mathys, G. 2003, The Messenger,
113, 32
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al. 2004, Proc. SPIE, 5491, 447
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66, 789
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p1
Richichi, A. & Paresce, F. 2003, The Messenger,
114, 26
18-19 (PDF)
A. Gilliotte et al.
Improvements at the 3.6 m Telescope

ADS BibCode:
2005Msngr.119...18G
Section:
Telescopes and Instrumentation
Author(s)/Affiliation(s):
Gilliotte, A.; Ihle, G.; Lo Curto; G.
AA(European Southern Observatory) AB(European Southern Observatory) AC(European Southern Observatory)
Abstract:
A summary of the 3.6 m image quality improvement is presented with the latest M2 upgrade and its results.
References:
Gilliotte, A. 2001, The Messenger, 103, 2
20-24 (PDF)
J. Alves
Telescope Time Allocation Tool

ADS BibCode:
2005Msngr.119...20A
Section:
Telescopes and Instrumentation
Author(s)/Affiliation(s):
Alves, J.
AA(European Southern Observatory)
Abstract:
TaToo is ESO's new Time Allocation Tool. This software scheduler is a combination of a user-friendly graphical user interface and an intelligent constraint-programming engine fine-tuned to ESO's scheduling problem. TaToo is able to produce a high quality and reliable schedule taking into consideration all constraints of the recommended programs for all telescopes in about 15 minutes. This performance allows schedulers at ESO-VISAS to simulate and evaluate different scenarios, optimize the scheduling of engineering activities at the observatories, and in the end construct the most science efficient schedule possible.
References:
Alves, J., Lombardi, M. 2004, The Messenger, 118,
15
Baptiste, P., Le Pape, C., Nuijten, W. 2001
Kluwer Academic Publishers, ISBN 0-7923-
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24-24 (PDF)
T. Wilson
ALMA News

ADS BibCode:
2005Msngr.119...24W
Section:
Telescopes and Instrumentation
Author(s)/Affiliation(s):
Wilson, T.
AA(EUROPEAN SOUTHERN OBSERVATORY)
Abstract:
THE CURRENT STATUS OF THE ANTENNA PROCUREMENT; ESAC MEMBERS; THE PRESENT STATUS OF THE ALMA REGIONAL CENTER; UPCOMING EVENTS

Reports from Observers

25-29 (PDF)
E. Pantin et al.
VISIR, a Taste of Scientific Potential

ADS BibCode:
2005Msngr.119...25P
Section:
Reports from Observers
Author(s)/Affiliation(s):
Pantin, E.; Lagage, O.-P.; Claret, A.; Doucet, C.; Kaufer, A.; Käufl, H.-U.; Pel, J.-W.; Peletier, R. F.; Siebenmorgen, R.; Smette, A.; Sterzik, M.
AA(DSM/DAPNIA/SERVICE D’ASTROPHYSIQUE, CEA/SACLAY, SACLAY, FRANCE & EUROPEAN SOUTHERN OBSERVATORY) AB(DSM/DAPNIA/SERVICE D’ASTROPHYSIQUE, CEA/SACLAY, SACLAY, FRANCE) AC(DSM/DAPNIA/SERVICE D’ASTROPHYSIQUE, CEA/SACLAY, SACLAY, FRANCE) AD(DSM/DAPNIA/SERVICE D’ASTROPHYSIQUE, CEA/SACLAY, SACLAY, FRANCE) AE(EUROPEAN SOUTHERN OBSERVATORY) AF(EUROPEAN SOUTHERN OBSERVATORY) AG(KAPTEYN INSTITUTE, GRONINGEN UNIVERSITY, GRONINGEN, THE NETHERLANDS & ASTRON (NETHERLANDS FOUNDATION FOR RESEARCH IN ASTRONOMY), DWINGELOO, THE NETHERLANDS) AH(KAPTEYN INSTITUTE, GRONINGEN UNIVERSITY, GRONINGEN, THE NETHERLANDS) AI(EUROPEAN SOUTHERN OBSERVATORY) AJ(EUROPEAN SOUTHERN OBSERVATORY & F.N.R.S. BELGIUM) AK(EUROPEAN SOUTHERN OBSERVATORY)
Abstract:
VISIR, the ESO-VLT instrument made for observations in the two mid-infrared atmospheric windows (the so-called N- and Q-bands), is now producing scientific results. Some first results are discussed from a pedagogic point of view, emphasising the various mechanisms at work that produce mid-infrared radiation (thermal dust emission, transiently heated dust emission, ion line emission, pure rotational line emission of molecular Hydrogen, synchrotron emission). The two key advantages of VISIR, i.e., its high angular resolution and its high spectral resolution, are illustrated respectively by the results from the observations of the brown dwarf binary system e Indi, and by kinematic studies of the galaxy NGC 7582.
References:
Burrows, A., Sudarsky, D. and Lunine, J. I. 2003,
ApJ, 596, 587
Cohen, M. et al. 1999, AJ, 117, 1864
Galliano, E., Pantin, E., Alloin, S. and Lagage
P.-O. 2005, MNRAS, submitted
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36, 233
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30-35 (PDF)
O. Le Fèvre et al.
The VIMOS-VLT Deep Survey First Epoch observations: evolution of galaxies, large scale structures and AGNs over 90% of the current age of the Universe

ADS BibCode:
2005Msngr.119...30L
Section:
Reports from Observers
Author(s)/Affiliation(s):
Le Fèvre, O.; Vettolani, G.; Bottini, D.; Garilli, B.; Le Brun, V.; Maccagni, D.; Picat, J.-P.; Scaramella, R.; Scodeggio, M.; Tresse, L.; Zanichelli, A.; Adami, C.; Arnaboldi, M.; Arnouts, S.; Bardelli, S.; Bolzonella, M.; Cappi, A.; Charlot, S.; Ciliegi, P.; Contini, T.; Franzetti, P.; Foucaud, S.; Gavignaud, I.; Guzzo, L.; Ilbert, O.; Iovino, A.; McCracken, H.-J.; Marano, B.; Marinoni, C.; Mazure, A.; Meneux, B.; Merighi, R.; Paltani, S.; Pellò, R.; Pollo, A.; Pozzetti, L.; Radovich, M.; Zamorani, G.; Zucca, E.; Bondi, M.; Bongiorno, A.; Busarello, G.; Lamareille, F.; Mathez, G.; Mellier, Y.; Merluzzi, P.; Ripepi, V.; Rizzo, D.
AA(LABORATOIRE D’ASTROPHYSIQUE DE MARSEILLE, FRANCE) AB(ISTITUTO DI RADIO ASTRONOMIA, BOLOGNA, ITALY) AC(ISTITUTO DI ASTROFISICA SPAZIALE E FISICA COSMICA, INAF-MILAN, ITALY) AD(ISTITUTO DI ASTROFISICA SPAZIALE E FISICA COSMICA, INAF-MILAN, ITALY) AE(LABORATOIRE D’ASTROPHYSIQUE DE MARSEILLE, FRANCE) AF(ISTITUTO DI ASTROFISICA SPAZIALE E FISICA COSMICA, INAF-MILAN, ITALY) AG(OBSERVATOIRE MIDI-PYRÉNÉES, TOULOUSE, FRANCE) AH(OSSERVATORIO ASTRONOMICO DI ROMA, INAF, ITALY) AI(ISTITUTO DI ASTROFISICA SPAZIALE E FISICA COSMICA, INAF-MILAN, ITALY) AJ(LABORATOIRE D’ASTROPHYSIQUE DE MARSEILLE, FRANCE) AK(ISTITUTO DI RADIO ASTRONOMIA, BOLOGNA, ITALY) AL(LABORATOIRE D’ASTROPHYSIQUE DE MARSEILLE, FRANCE) AM(OSSERVATORIO ASTRONOMICO DI CAPODIMONTE, INAF, NAPLES, ITALY) AN(LABORATOIRE D’ASTROPHYSIQUE DE MARSEILLE, FRANCE) AO(OSSERVATORIO ASTRONOMICO DI BOLOGNA, INAF, ITALY) AP(OSSERVATORIO ASTRONOMICO DI BOLOGNA, INAF, ITALY & DEPARTMENT OF ASTRONOMY, UNIVERSITY OF BOLOGNA, ITALY) AQ(OSSERVATORIO ASTRONOMICO DI BOLOGNA, INAF, ITALY) AR(MAX PLANCK INSTITUT FÜR ASTRONOMIE, GARCHING, GERMANY) AS(ISTITUTO DI RADIO ASTRONOMIA, BOLOGNA, ITALY) AT(OBSERVATOIRE MIDI-PYRÉNÉES, TOULOUSE, FRANCE) AU(ISTITUTO DI ASTROFISICA SPAZIALE E FISICA COSMICA, INAF-MILAN, ITALY) AV(ISTITUTO DI RADIO ASTRONOMIA, BOLOGNA, ITALY) AW(OBSERVATOIRE MIDI-PYRÉNÉES, TOULOUSE, FRANCE & EUROPEAN SOUTHERN OBSERVATORY, GARCHING, GERMANY) AX(OSSERVATORIO ASTRONOMICO DI BRERA, INAF, ITALY) AY(OSSERVATORIO ASTRONOMICO DI BOLOGNA, INAF, ITALY & DEPARTMENT OF ASTRONOMY, UNIVERSITY OF BOLOGNA, ITALY) AZ(OSSERVATORIO ASTRONOMICO DI BRERA, INAF, ITALY) BA(INSTITUT D’ASTROPHYSIQUE DE PARIS, FRANCE & LERMA, OBSERVATOIRE DE PARIS, FRANCE) BB(DEPARTMENT OF ASTRONOMY, UNIVERSITY OF BOLOGNA, ITALY) BC(OSSERVATORIO ASTRONOMICO DI BRERA, INAF, ITALY) BD(LABORATOIRE D’ASTROPHYSIQUE DE MARSEILLE, FRANCE) BE(LABORATOIRE D’ASTROPHYSIQUE DE MARSEILLE, FRANCE) BF(OSSERVATORIO ASTRONOMICO DI BOLOGNA, INAF, ITALY) BG(LABORATOIRE D’ASTROPHYSIQUE DE MARSEILLE, FRANCE) BH(OBSERVATOIRE MIDI-PYRÉNÉES, TOULOUSE, FRANCE) BI(OSSERVATORIO ASTRONOMICO DI BRERA, INAF, ITALY) BJ(OSSERVATORIO ASTRONOMICO DI BOLOGNA, INAF, ITALY) BK(OSSERVATORIO ASTRONOMICO DI CAPODIMONTE, INAF, NAPLES, ITALY) BL(OSSERVATORIO ASTRONOMICO DI BOLOGNA, INAF, ITALY) BM(OSSERVATORIO ASTRONOMICO DI BOLOGNA, INAF, ITALY) BN(OSSERVATORIO ASTRONOMICO DI BOLOGNA, INAF, ITALY) BO(DEPARTMENT OF ASTRONOMY, UNIVERSITY OF BOLOGNA, ITALY) BP(OSSERVATORIO ASTRONOMICO DI CAPODIMONTE, INAF, NAPLES, ITALY) BQ(OBSERVATOIRE MIDI-PYRÉNÉES, TOULOUSE, FRANCE) BR(OBSERVATOIRE MIDI-PYRÉNÉES, TOULOUSE, FRANCE) BS(INSTITUT D’ASTROPHYSIQUE DE PARIS, FRANCE & LERMA, OBSERVATOIRE DE PARIS, FRANCE) BT(OSSERVATORIO ASTRONOMICO DI CAPODIMONTE, INAF, NAPLES, ITALY) BU(OSSERVATORIO ASTRONOMICO DI CAPODIMONTE, INAF, NAPLES, ITALY) BV(OBSERVATOIRE MIDI-PYRÉNÉES, TOULOUSE, FRANCE)
Abstract:
THE VIMOS VLT DEEP SURVEY (VVDS) IS A MAJOR REDSHIFT SURVEY OF THE DISTANT UNIVERSE, AIMED AT STUDYING THE EVOLUTION OF GALAXIES, LARGE SCALE STRUCTURES AND AGNS OVER MORE THAN 90% OF THE AGE OF THE UNIVERSE. A TOTAL OF 41000 SPECTRA HAVE BEEN OBSERVED SO FAR. FROM THE FIRST EPOCH OBSERVATIONS CONDUCTED WITH VIMOS, WE HAVE ASSEMBLED ~11000 REDSHIFTS FOR GALAXIES WITH 0 £ Z £ 5 SELECTED WITH MAGNITUDE IAB £ 24 IN AN AREA 3.1 TIMES THE AREA OF THE FULL MOON. WE PRESENT EVIDENCE FOR A STRONG EVOLUTION OF THE LUMINOSITY OF GALAXIES AND SHOW THAT GALAXIES ARE ALREADY DISTRIBUTED IN DENSE STRUCTURES AT Z ~ 1.5. THE HIGH REDSHIFT POPULATION OF ~1000 GALAXIES WITH 1.4 £ Z £ 5 APPEARS TO BE MORE NUMEROUS THAN PREVIOUSLY BELIEVED. AS THE SURVEY CONTINUES, WE ARE ASSEMBLING MULTI-WAVELENGTH DATA IN COLLABORATION WITH OTHER TEAMS (GALEX, SPITZER-SWIRE, XMM-LSS, VLA), AS WELL AS EXPANDING TO LARGER SCALES (~100 MPC) TO PROBE THE UNIVERSE IN AN UNPRECEDENTED WAY.
References:
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Ilbert, O. and the VVDS team 2004, MNRAS, 351,
541
Ilbert, O., Tresse, L., Zucca, E. and the VVDS team
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36-42 (PDF)
M. Wittkowski et al.
Recent Astrophysical Results from the VLTI

ADS BibCode:
2005Msngr.119...36W
Section:
Reports from Observers
Author(s)/Affiliation(s):
Wittkowski, M.; Paresce, F.; Chesneau, O.; Kervella, P.; Meilland, A.; Meisenheimer, K.; Ohnaka, K.
AA(EUROPEAN SOUTHERN OBSERVATORY, GARCHING, GERMANY) AB(EUROPEAN SOUTHERN OBSERVATORY, GARCHING, GERMANY) AC(OBSERVATOIRE DE LA CÔTE D’AZUR, GRASSE, FRANCE) AD(LESIA, OBSERVATOIRE DE PARIS, FRANCE) AE(OBSERVATOIRE DE LA CÔTE D’AZUR, GRASSE, FRANCE) AF(MAX-PLANCK-INSTITUT FÜR ASTRONOMIE, HEIDELBERG, GERMANY) AG(MAX-PLANCK-INSTITUT FÜR RADIOASTRONOMIE, BONN, GERMANY)
Abstract:
We present a review of recent astrophysical results based on data obtained with the ESO Very Large Telescope Interferometer (VLTI). The very first VLTI results have already been reviewed by Richichi & Paresce (2003). Remarkably, the first scientific results from the mid-infrared instrument MIDI, which emerge from science demonstration and guaranteed time observations, already cover a very broad range of astrophysical topics. These topics include active galactic nuclei, young stellar objects and protoplanetary discs, the environments of hot stars, as well as evolved stars and their envelopes.
References:
PUBLICATIONS IN 2003 BASED ON VLTI DATA3
Domiciano de Souza, A., Kervella, P., Jankov, S.et
al. 2003, A&A, 407, L47 (VINCI)
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Queloz, D. 2003, A&A, 397, L5 (VINCI)
van Boekel, R., Kervella, P., Schöller, M. et al.
2003, A&A, 410, L37 (VINCI)
PUBLICATIONS IN 2004 BASED ON VLTI DATA3
Di Folco, E., Thévenin, F., Kervella, P. et al. 2004,
A&A, 426, 601 (VINCI)
Jaffe, W., Meisenheimer, K., Röttgering, H. et al.
2004, Nature, 429, 47 (MIDI)
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& Coudé du Foresto, V. 2004b, A&A, 423, 327
(VINCI)
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2004, A&A, 414, 275
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Glindemann, A., Albertsen, M., Andolfato, L. et al.
2004, Proc. SPIE 5491, 447
Ireland, M. J., Scholz, M. & Wood, P. R. 2004
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43-44 (PDF)
J.-U. Pott et al.
VLTI Observations of IRS 3: The brightest compact MIR source at the Galactic Centre

ADS BibCode:
2005Msngr.119...43P
Section:
Reports from Observers
Author(s)/Affiliation(s):
Pott, J.-U.; Eckart, A.; Glindemann, A.; Viehmann, T.; Schodel, R.; Straubmeier, C.; Leinert, C.; Feldt, M.; Genzel, R.; Robberto, M.
AA(UNIVERSITY OF COLOGNE, COLOGNE, GERMANY & EUROPEAN SOUTHERN OBSERVATORY, GARCHING, GERMANY) AB(UNIVERSITY OF COLOGNE, COLOGNE, GERMANY) AC(EUROPEAN SOUTHERN OBSERVATORY, GARCHING, GERMANY) AD(UNIVERSITY OF COLOGNE, COLOGNE, GERMANY) AE(UNIVERSITY OF COLOGNE, COLOGNE, GERMANY) AF(UNIVERSITY OF COLOGNE, COLOGNE, GERMANY) AG(MAX-PLANCK-INSTITUT FÜR ASTRONOMIE, HEIDELBERG, GERMANY) AH(MAX-PLANCK-INSTITUT FÜR ASTRONOMIE, HEIDELBERG, GERMANY) AI(MAX-PLANCK-INSTITUT FÜR EXTRATERRESTRISCHE PHYSIK, GARCHING, GERMANY) AJ(ESA-SPACE TELESCOPE SCIENCE INSTITUTE, BALTIMORE, MD, USA)
Abstract:
The dust enshrouded star IRS 3 in the central light year of our Galaxy was partially resolved in a recent VLTI experiment. This observation is the first step in investigating both IRS 3 in particular and the stellar population of the Galactic Centre in general with the VLTI at the highest angular resolution. We outline what scientific issues can be addressed by a complete MIDI dataset on IRS 3 in the mid-infrared.
References:
van Boekel, R., Waters, L. B. F. M., Dominik, C.
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Eckart, A., Moultaka, J., Viehmann, T. et al. 2004,
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Moultaka, J., Eckart, A., Viehmann, T. et al. 2004,
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Pott, J.-U., Glindemann, A., Eckart, A. et al.2004,
SPIE, 5491, 126
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A. et al. 1999, A&A, 351, 559
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accepted by A&A, astro-ph/0411798

Other Astronomical News

45-49 (PDF)
U. Grothkopf et al.
Comparison of Science Metrics among Observatories

ADS BibCode:
2005Msngr.119...45G
Section:
Other Astronomical News
Author(s)/Affiliation(s):
Grothkopf, U.; Leibundgut, B.; Macchetto, D.; Madrid, J. P.; Leitherer, C.
AA(EUROPEAN SOUTHERN OBSERVATORY, GARCHING, GERMANY) AB(EUROPEAN SOUTHERN OBSERVATORY, GARCHING, GERMANY) AC(SPACE TELESCOPE SCIENCE INSTITUTE, BALTIMORE, MD, USA) AD(SPACE TELESCOPE SCIENCE INSTITUTE, BALTIMORE, MD, USA) AE(SPACE TELESCOPE SCIENCE INSTITUTE, BALTIMORE, MD, USA)
Abstract:
A comparison of various scientific metrics is presented. In particular, we examine the impact of the HST and VLT observatories through publication rates, citation rates and the number of highly cited publications. Both observatories are major contributors to today's astrophysics research endeavour and currently rank among the most successful astronomical facilities as measured by the above categories.
References:
Abt, H. A. 1981, PASP, 93, 207
Abt, H. A. 1985, PASP, 97, 1050
Benn, C. R. & Sanchez, S. F. 2001, PASP, 113, 385
Delmotte, N. ,Treumann, A., Grothkopf U. et al.
2005, The Messenger, 119, 50
Crabtree, D. R. & Bryson, E. 2001, JRASC, 95, 259
Eichhorn, G., Accomazzi, A., Grant, C. S. et al.
2003, BAAS 35 #5, 20.04
Green, P. J. & Yukita, M. 2004, Chandra Newsletter,
issue 11, March 2004
Grothkopf, U. & Treumann, A. 2003, LISA IV
proc., Corbin, B., Bryson E., Wolf, M. (eds.),
Washington, DC: U. S. Naval Observatory, 193
Leibundgut, B., Grothkopf, U. & Treumann A.
2003, The Messenger, 114, 46
Meylan, G., Madrid, J. P. & Macchetto, D. 2003,
STScI Newsletter, 20, no. 2, 1
Meylan, G., Madrid, J. P. & Macchetto, D. 2004,
PASP, 116, 790
Schwarz, G. J. & Kennicutt, R. C. 2004, BAAS,
36, 1654
Trimble, V. 1995), PASP, 107, 977
Trimble, V., Zaich, P. & Bosler, T. 2005, PASP, 117,
111
50-52 (PDF)
N. Delmotte et al.
The ESO Telescope Bibliography Web Interface - Linking Publications and Observations

ADS BibCode:
2005Msngr.119...50D
Section:
Other Astronomical News
Author(s)/Affiliation(s):
Delmotte, N.; Treumann, A.; Grothkopf, U.; Micol, A.; Accomazzi, A.
AA(EUROPEAN SOUTHERN OBSERVATORY, GARCHING, GERMANY) AB(EUROPEAN SOUTHERN OBSERVATORY, GARCHING, GERMANY) AC(EUROPEAN SOUTHERN OBSERVATORY, GARCHING, GERMANY) AD(SPACE TELESCOPE EUROPEAN COORDINATING FACILITY, GARCHING, GERMANY) AE(HARVARD-SMITHSONIAN CENTER FOR ASTROPHYSICS, CAMBRIDGE, MA, USA)
Abstract:
The ESO telescope bibliography links scientific papers based on VLT observations with underlying observing proposals and archival data. It can be queried through a web interface at ESO as well as through a filter at the NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS) from which active links lead to the ESO Archive. These services are prerequisites of the Virtual Observatory as they allow users to keep track of the entire lifetime of scientific proposals, from scheduling to observations and publications.
References:
Accomazzi, A. & Eichhorn G. 2004, ADASS XIII,
ASP Conference Series, vol. 314, 181
Grothkopf, U., Leibundgut, B., Macchetto, D. et al.
2005, The Messenger, 119, 45
Leibundgut, B., Grothkopf, U. & Treumann A.
2003, The Messenger, 114, 46
Rasmussen, B. F. 1995, ADASS IV, ASP Conference
Series, vol. 77, 72
Schmitz, M., Helou, G., Lague, C. et al. 1995, Vistas
in Astronomy, vol. 39, issue 2, 272
52-52 (PDF)
E. Janssen
ESO Exhibitions in Granada and Naples

ADS BibCode:
2005Msngr.119...52J
Section:
Other Astronomical News
Author(s)/Affiliation(s):
Janssen, E.
AA(EUROPEAN SOUTHERN OBSERVATORY)
Abstract:
From September 13–17 2004, the annual JENAM (Joint European and National Astronomical Meeting) conference was held at the Palacio de Congresos in Granada, Spain under the title ‘The many scales of the Universe’. At the conference, ESO maintained a 65 sqm exhibition stand showing the most recent scientific and technical achievements at the organisation. The conference was attended by over 450 participants, but also media and local politicians visited the event. The ESO stand drew great attention both from the conference participants and the media, resulting in several articles and television broadcasts in Spain.
53-53 (PDF)
R. West
EEAE Meeting at ESO Headquarters

ADS BibCode:
2005Msngr.119...53W
Section:
Other Astronomical News
Author(s)/Affiliation(s):
West, R.
AA(EUROPEAN SOUTHERN OBSERVATORY)
Abstract:
The European Association for Astronomy Education (EAAE) held its triennial General Assembly at ESO Headquarters on March 4–6, 2005. The formal sessions were embedded in a meeting on “New Teaching Opportunities in Astronomy” which exposed more than 70 participants from all over Europe to the latest didactic trends in this area. The EAAE was created in 1995 and has been closely associated with ESO ever since in a very fruitful collaboration with the ESO EPR Department and its Educational Office.
54-54 (PDF)
V. Rodriguez, F. Mirabel
Public Affairs Highlights in Chile: Achievements of 2004

ADS BibCode:
2005Msngr.119...54R
Section:
Other Astronomical News
Author(s)/Affiliation(s):
Rodriguez, V.; Mirabel, F.
AA(EUROPEAN SOUTHERN OBSERVATORY) AB(EUROPEAN SOUTHERN OBSERVATORY)
Abstract:
One of the priorities of ESO is to contribute to the academic, educational and cultural development in Chile, fostering excellent relationships with its people and government at all levels. Here we present three 2004 highlights of our extensive outreach programs in Chile.
55-55 (PDF)
ESO
Fellows at ESO

ADS BibCode:
2005Msngr.119...55.
Section:
Other Astronomical News
Author(s)/Affiliation(s):
ESO
AA(ESO)
Abstract:
Nicolas Bouché; Eric Depagne, Markus Hartung; Jochen Liske

Announcements

56-56 (PDF)
A. Lawrence, S. Warren
The UKIRT Infrated Deep Sky Survey: data access

ADS BibCode:
2005Msngr.119...56L
Section:
Announcements
Author(s)/Affiliation(s):
Lawrence, A.; Warren, S.
AA(UNIVERSITY OF EDINBURGH) AB(IMPERIAL COLLEGE LONDON)
Abstract:
As part of the UK accession to ESO, it was agreed that all astronomers in ESO member states would have access to the data from the UKIRT Infrared Deep Sky Survey (UKIDSS – http://www.ukidss.org). This exciting survey is 3 magnitudes deeper than 2MASS over 7 500 square degrees, as well as having small deep areas, all the way down to a one square degree Ultra Deep Survey to K = 23. UKIDSS is therefore the real equivalent to optical sky surveys such as those from the Palomar, UK and ESO Schmidt telescopes, and the SDSS (see The Messenger, 108, 31). A substantial fraction of the survey is in the southern sky. The survey is being carried out by the new UKIRTWide Field Camera (WFCAM), which has just been commissioned – see the press release at http:// outreach.jach.hawaii.edu/pressroom/2004- wfcam/). The survey starts in March and will take seven years. There will be a sequence of releases, each of which is available only to ESO astronomers (and a small additional list of individuals in Japan) for eighteen months, following which the data become public worldwide.
57-57 (PDF)
ESO
ESO Workshop on Multiple Stars across the H-R Diagram

ADS BibCode:
2005Msngr.119R..57.
Section:
Announcements
Author(s)/Affiliation(s):
ESO
AA(ESO)
Abstract:
Multiple (i.e. triple, and higher order) stellar systems comprise a significant fraction of stellar populations. Their role in stellar physics has not yet been fully recognized. Stars of some specific types can originate only in multiple systems. An interplay between tides, nuclear evolution and dynamics is a rich field of contemporary research. The growing observational data on multiple systems with a variety of characteristics is used to critically examine the assumptions underlying stellar evolutionary models.
57-57 (PDF)
ESO
Symposium on Relativity, Matter and Cosmology

ADS BibCode:
2005Msngr.119Q..57.
Section:
Announcements
Author(s)/Affiliation(s):
ESO
AA(ESO)
Abstract:
The EPS-ESA-ESO-CERN Symposium on ‘Relativity, Matter and Cosmology’, will take place from July 11 to 14, 2005 at the University of Bern. The Symposium will be part of the centenary celebrations of Albert Einstein’s annus mirabilis and take place in the framework of the 13th General Conference of the European Physical Society, EPS13, under the general title ‘Beyond Einstein – Physics for the 21st Century’. The EPS-ESA-ESO-CERN Symposium 2005 is expected to become one of the highlights of the ‘World Year of Physics 2005’, also declared the ‘International Year of Physics’ by the United Nations.
58-58 (PDF)
ESO
ESO Conference on Science Perspectives for 3D Spectroscopy

ADS BibCode:
2005Msngr.119R..58.
Section:
Announcements
Author(s)/Affiliation(s):
ESO
AA(ESO)
Abstract:
The expansion in 3D instrumentation – obtaining spatially resolved spectra over an area of the sky – on large telescopes has been phenomenal over the past few years. Examples at ESO on the VLT are SINFONI, the Integral Field Unit (IFU) of VIMOS, the Argus mode of FLAMES; at Gemini the GMOS instrument has an IFU mode; OSIRIS is soon to reach Keck. There are also powerful consortium instruments such as SAURON and CIRPASS which were designed for rather specific problems. Several new tunable filters will see first light this year and sterling work continues to be carried out by facility IFU instruments on 4 m class telescopes such as at La Palma (INTEGRAL) and Calar Alto (PMAS). Accompanying this leap in instrumental capabilities, the volume of data delivered is set to increase as larger or multiple IFU’s are planned, such as the MUSE or KMOS instruments for the VLT.
58-58 (PDF)
ESO
MPA/ESO/MPE/USM Joint Astronomy Conference on Open Questions in Cosmology

ADS BibCode:
2005Msngr.119Q..58.
Section:
Announcements
Author(s)/Affiliation(s):
ESO
AA(ESO)
Abstract:
The accepted lore about the state of modern cosmology is that existing data constrain models well enough that few important questions remain to be either asked or solved. In the last year, a wealth of new data about the cosmological background radiation, early star and galaxy formation as well as cosmological evolution in general has been generated. The theoretical prejudice is that the current concordance cosmological model provides a description of our universe consistent with most of these observations. But does it provide the definitive framework against which these new observations can be tested? This meeting will present the latest data, confront them with conventional and alternative models, and review emerging technologies and expected data for their potential to challenge our current understanding of the universe.
59-59 (PDF)
ESO
ESO Studentship Programme

ADS BibCode:
2005Msngr.119R..59.
Section:
Announcements
Author(s)/Affiliation(s):
ESO
AA(ESO)
Abstract:
The European Southern Observatory research student programme aims at providing opportunities to enhance the Ph.D. programmes of ESO member-state universities. Its goal is to bring young scientists into close contact with the instruments, activities, and people at one of the world’s foremost observatories. For more information about ESO’s astronomical research activities please consult http://www.eso.org/ science/
59-59 (PDF)
ESO
Felix Mirabel becomes ESO Representative in Chile

ADS BibCode:
2005Msngr.119Q..59.
Section:
Announcements
Author(s)/Affiliation(s):
ESO
AA(ESO)
Abstract:
Starting on April 1, Felix Mirabel will take up a double role as ESO Representative in Chile and Head of ESO’s Office for Science in Chile. Felix Mirabel was born in 1944 in Uruguay. After finishing secondary school, he went to Argentina where he obtained a PhD in Astrophysics at the University of La Plata, and a Master degree in Philosophy from the University of Buenos Aires. He pursued postdoctoral studies at Jodrell Bank in the UK, at the University of Maryland, and then in Puerto Rico using the Arecibo radiotelescope. In 1990, after having worked at Caltech as a Guggenheim fellow, he moved to France working as director of research at the CEA (Saclay), where he stayed until joining ESO.
60-60 (PDF)
ESO
Operations Staff Astronomer

ADS BibCode:
2005Msngr.119Q..60.
Section:
Announcements
Author(s)/Affiliation(s):
ESO
AA(ESO)
Abstract:
Assignment: The successful candidate will support observing operations in both visitor and service mode at the VLT Unit Telescopes (UT) on Paranal. The tasks to be performed include the short-term (flexible) scheduling of queue observations, the calibration and monitoring of the instruments, and the assessment of the scientific quality of the astronomical data. Paranal Operations Staff Astronomers contribute to the challenge of operating a world leading astronomical facility so as to optimize its scientific output, have the opportunity to acquire expert knowledge of novel instrumentation, and may be given the overall responsibility for an instrument. Flexibility exists so as to tailor duties and responsibilities as a function of personal expertise and interests.
60-60 (PDF)
ESO
Head of Administration

ADS BibCode:
2005Msngr.119R..60.
Section:
Announcements
Author(s)/Affiliation(s):
ESO
AA(ESO)
Abstract:
Purpose and scope of the position: The main task is to provide efficient administrative services and advice to the Director General, Division Leaders and to staff members in the scientific and technical areas in the fields of financial planning and accounting, personnel management, purchasing, legal and contractual matters, information systems and building and site maintenance. As a member of the ESO Management the Head of Administration contributes essentially to the development of the overall policy, strategic planning, relations to the members of the personnel and maintains professional contacts at highest level outside the Organisation. ESO employs in total approximately 650 staff members and the Administration Division comprises the Administration at the Headquarters in Garching near Munich and the Administration in Santiago (Chile). The successful candidate will be supported by some 50 qualified staff members.
61-62 (PDF)
ESO
Senior Engineer - Head of Paranal Engineering Department

ADS BibCode:
2005Msngr.119Q..61.
Section:
Announcements
Author(s)/Affiliation(s):
ESO
AA(ESO)
Abstract:
Purpose and scope of the position: The role of the Paranal Engineering Department is to carry out the assembly, integration and troubleshooting of the VLT (Very Large Telescope), the instrumentation of the VLT and of the VLTI (VLT Interferometry), of the VST (VLT Survey Telescope), VISTA (Visible and Infrared Survey Telescope), of all the facilities required on the Observatory (Power Station, Air Compressors, Chillers, etc), and to provide general engineering support of maintenance, troubleshooting and fault repair to nightly operations.
61-61 (PDF)
ESO
ALMA Back-End Integration and Data Communication Engineer

ADS BibCode:
2005Msngr.119R..61.
Section:
Announcements
Author(s)/Affiliation(s):
ESO
AA(ESO)
Abstract:
Purpose and scope of the position: Within the European ALMA team, the selected candidate will take up responsibilities in the monitoring of production contracts and in the integration, commissioning and acceptance of the Back-end sub-system and related data communication infrastructures (fibre optic based system) of the ALMA radio telescope. As such, the selected candidate will be part of the ALMA Back-end Integrated Product Team (BE IPT). The position will involve duties in ALMA partner regions, Europe, North America and Chile in the form of frequent and occasionally extended missions.
62-63 (PDF)
ESO
ALMA Project Planner/Scheduler

ADS BibCode:
2005Msngr.119...62.
Section:
Announcements
Author(s)/Affiliation(s):
ESO
AA(ESO)
Abstract:
The Atacama Large Millimeter Array (ALMA) is an international astronomy facility. ALMA is an equal partnership between Europe and North America, in cooperation with the Republic of Chile, and is funded in North America by the U.S. National Science Foundation (NSF) in cooperation with the National Research Council of Canada (NRC), and in Europe by the European Southern Observatory (ESO) and Spain. ALMA construction and operations are led on behalf of North America by the National Radio Astronomy Observatory (NRAO), which is managed by Associated Universities, Inc. (AUI), and on behalf of Europe by ESO.
63-63 (PDF)
ESO
Recentt Proceedings from the ESO Astrophysics Symposia

ADS BibCode:
2005Msngr.119Q..63.
Section:
Announcements
Author(s)/Affiliation(s):
ESO
AA(ESO)
63-63 (PDF)
ESO
Personnel Movements

ADS BibCode:
2005Msngr.119R..63.
Section:
Announcements
Author(s)/Affiliation(s):
ESO
AA(ESO)
63-63 (PDF)
ESO
Personnel Movements

ADS BibCode:
2005Msngr.119S..63.
Section:
Announcements
Author(s)/Affiliation(s):
ESO
AA(ESO)

Messenger Index

64-65 (PDF)
ESO
Subject Index 2004 (Nos. 115 - 118)

ADS BibCode:
2005Msngr.119...64.
Section:
Messenger Index
Author(s)/Affiliation(s):
ESO
AA(ESO)
66-67 (PDF)
ESO
Author Index 2004 (Nos. 115 - 118)

ADS BibCode:
2005Msngr.119...66.
Section:
Messenger Index
Author(s)/Affiliation(s):
ESO
AA(ESO)

68-68 (PDF)
ESO
Contents

ADS BibCode:
2005Msngr.119...68.
Author(s)/Affiliation(s):
ESO
AA(ESO)