Dark matter map of KiDS survey region (region G12)

This map of dark matter in the Universe was obtained from data from the KiDS survey, using the VLT Survey Telescope at ESO’s Paranal Observatory in Chile. It reveals an expansive web of dense (light) and empty (dark) regions. This image is one out of five patches of the sky observed by KiDS. Here the invisible dark matter is seen rendered in pink, covering an area of sky around 420 times the size of the full moon. This image reconstruction was made by analysing the light collected from over three million distant galaxies more than 6 billion light-years away. The observed galaxy images were warped by the gravitational pull of dark matter as the light travelled through the Universe.

Some small dark regions, with sharp boundaries, appear in this image. They are the locations of bright stars and other nearby objects that get in the way of the observations of more distant galaxies and are hence masked out in these maps as no weak-lensing signal can be measured in these areas.

Credit:

Kilo-Degree Survey Collaboration/H. Hildebrandt & B. Giblin/ESO

About the Image

Id:eso1642a
Type:Simulation
Release date:7 December 2016, 12:00
Related releases:eso1642
Size:9152 x 3377 px

About the Object

Type:Early Universe : Cosmology : Phenomenon : Dark Matter
Category:Cosmology

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