Messenger No. 113 (September 2003)

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Telescopes and Instrumentation

1-1 (PDF)
ESO
VLT image and spectra of the R CrA cluster (see van Dishoeck et al., page 49)

ADS BibCode:
2003Msngr.113....1.
Section:
Telescopes and Instrumentation
Author(s)/Affiliation(s):
ESO
AA(ESO)
2-9 (PDF)
R. N. Wilson
The History and Development of the ESO Active Optics System

ADS BibCode:
2003Msngr.113....2W
Section:
Telescopes and Instrumentation
Author(s)/Affiliation(s):
Wilson, R. N.
AA(ESO)
Abstract:
The active optics system is the fundamental optical characteristic of the ESO New Technology Telescope (NTT) and Very Large Telescope (VLT). The NTT pioneered this system. Without it, the VLT, with its thin, very flexible mirror, could not give a usable optical image at all.
References:
Connes, P., 1989, SPIE Conf. Active Telescope
Systems, F. Roddier ed SPIE vol. 1114, 238
Dierickx, P. et al., 2003, SPIE vol. 4840, 151
Noethe, L. et al., 1988, J.Mod.Optics, 35, 1427
Noethe, L., 1991, J.Mod.Optics, 38, 1043
Noethe, L., 2002,Active optics in modern large
optical telescopes, Progr.Optics 43, E.Wolf
ed, 1
West, R., 1989, The ESO Messenger, 56, 3
Wilson, R.N., 1977,Procs ESO Conf.Optical Telescopes
of the Future, ESO, Geneva, 99
Wilson, R.N., 1982, Optica Acta, 29, 985
Wilson, R.N., 1996,Reflecting Telescope Optics
I, Springer-Verl. Berlin & Heidelberg, 2nd
corr. repr. 2002
Wilson, R.N., 1999,Reflecting Telescope Optics
II, Springer-Verl. Berlin & Heidelberg, corr.
repr. 2001(W99)
10-14 (PDF)
G. Monnet, R. Bacon
VLT/I Instrumentation: Lessons Learned FORUM

ADS BibCode:
2003Msngr.113...10M
Section:
Telescopes and Instrumentation
Author(s)/Affiliation(s):
Monnet, G.; Bacon, R.
AA(ESO) AB(STC; CRAL)
Abstract:
This paper is the result of a joint effort by ESO and its Scientific and Technical Committee (STC) to extract the main lessons from last April's 'VLT/VLTI Instrumentation: Lessons learned' Forum and start applying them, in particular in the framework of the development of second generation VLT -and soon VLTI- instruments. This is but one step in a continuing effort to optimize these complex and challenging developments which involve a significant fraction of Europe's astronomical instrument builders in the near-UV to mid-IR range. With a major effort in the European radio community to build multiple receiver systems for ALMA now being pursued at an accelerated pace, it was also vital to revisit very quickly our whole procurement strategy in this area.
14-14 (PDF)
L. Germany
News from La Silla

ADS BibCode:
2003Msngr.113...14G
Section:
Telescopes and Instrumentation
Author(s)/Affiliation(s):
Germany, L.
AA(SciOps)
Abstract:
3.6M control room has moved!; HARPS 2nd commissioning; New IR Staff Astronomer
15-16 (PDF)
A. Kaufer et al.
First Images with the ARGUS Mode of FLAMES

ADS BibCode:
2003Msngr.113...15K
Section:
Telescopes and Instrumentation
Author(s)/Affiliation(s):
Kaufer, A.; Pasquini, L.; Castillo, R.; Schmutzer, R.; Smoker, J.
AA(ESO Paranal, Chile) AB(ESO Garching, Germany) AC(ESO Paranal, Chile) AD(ESO Paranal, Chile) AE(ESO Paranal, Chile)
Abstract:
The commissioning of the large Integral Field Unit ARGUS of the VLT instrument FLAMES has successfully been completed. The capabilities of this new instrument mode together with some first scientific test images are presented.
References:
Pasquini, L., et al., 2002, Installation and
Commissioning of Flames, the VLT Multifibre
Facility, ESO Messenger 110, 1
Jocou, L., Guinouard, I., Hammer, F. , Lenoir,
H., 2000, Development of four multifiber
links for the Flames project, SPIE 4008, 475
17-25 (PDF)
F. Eisenhauer et al.
The Universe in 3D: First Observations with SPIFFI, the Infrared Integral Field Spectrometer for the VLT

ADS BibCode:
2003Msngr.113...17E
Section:
Telescopes and Instrumentation
Author(s)/Affiliation(s):
Eisenhauer, F.; Tecza, M.; Thatte, N.; Genzel, R.; Abuter, R.; Iserlohe, C.; Schreiber, J.; Huber, S.; Roehrle, C.; Horrobin, M.; Schegerer, A.; Baker, A. J.; Bender, R.; Davies, R.; Lehnert, M.; Lutz, D.; Nesvadba, N.; Ott, T.; Seitz, S.; Schoedel, R.; Tacconi, L. J.; Bonnet, H.; Castillo, R.; Conzelmann, R.; Donaldson, R.; Finger, G.; Gillet, G.; Hubin, N.; Kissler-Patig, M.; Lizon, J.-L.; Monnet, G.; Stroebele, S.
AA(Max-Planck-Institut für extraterrestrische Physik, Garching, Germany) AB(Max-Planck-Institut für extraterrestrische Physik, Garching, Germany) AC(Max-Planck-Institut für extraterrestrische Physik, Garching, Germany & Department of Astrophysics, University of Oxford, U.K.) AD(Max-Planck-Institut für extraterrestrische Physik, Garching, Germany & Department of Physics, University of California, Berkeley, USA) AE(Max-Planck-Institut für extraterrestrische Physik, Garching, Germany) AF(Max-Planck-Institut für extraterrestrische Physik, Garching, Germany) AG(Max-Planck-Institut für extraterrestrische Physik, Garching, Germany) AH(Max-Planck-Institut für extraterrestrische Physik, Garching, Germany) AI(Max-Planck-Institut für extraterrestrische Physik, Garching, Germany & European Southern Observatory, Garching, Germany) AJ(Max-Planck-Institut für extraterrestrische Physik, Garching, Germany) AK(Max-Planck-Institut für extraterrestrische Physik, Garching, Germany) AL(Max-Planck-Institut für extraterrestrische Physik, Garching, Germany) AM(Max-Planck-Institut für extraterrestrische Physik, Garching, Germany & Universitätssternwarte München, Ludwig-Maximilians Universität, Germany) AN(Max-Planck-Institut für extraterrestrische Physik, Garching, Germany) AO(Max-Planck-Institut für extraterrestrische Physik, Garching, Germany) AP(Max-Planck-Institut für extraterrestrische Physik, Garching, Germany) AQ(Max-Planck-Institut für extraterrestrische Physik, Garching, Germany) AR(Max-Planck-Institut für extraterrestrische Physik, Garching, Germany) AS(Max-Planck-Institut für extraterrestrische Physik, Garching, Germany & Universitätssternwarte München, Ludwig-Maximilians Universität, Germany) AT(Max-Planck-Institut für extraterrestrische Physik, Garching, Germany) AU(Max-Planck-Institut für extraterrestrische Physik, Garching, Germany) AV(European Southern Observatory, Garching, Germany) AW(European Southern Observatory, Garching, Germany) AX(European Southern Observatory, Garching, Germany) AY(European Southern Observatory, Garching, Germany) AZ(European Southern Observatory, Garching, Germany) BA(European Southern Observatory, Garching, Germany) BB(European Southern Observatory, Garching, Germany) BC(European Southern Observatory, Garching, Germany) BD(European Southern Observatory, Garching, Germany) BE(European Southern Observatory, Garching, Germany) BF(European Southern Observatory, Garching, Germany)
Abstract:
SPIFFI is the infrared integral field spectrometer for the VLT. Here we report on early results from our first observations in 2003. This selection includes the stellar content and dynamics of the Galactic Centre and its geometric distance measurement, the dynamics and molecular emission of the Ultra Luminous Infrared Galaxy NGC 6240, and the portrait of the high-redshift submillimeter Galaxy SMM 14011+0252, indicating that submillimeter galaxies are the precursors of massive local bulges and ellipticals.
References:
D. Bonaccini et al., 2003, Proc. SPIE, 4839, 381
H. Bonnet et al., 2003, Proc. SPIE, 4839, 329
D. Downes & P. M. Solomon, 2003, ApJ, 582, 37
F. Eisenhauer et al., 2000, Proc. SPIE, 4008, 289
F. Eisenhauer et al., 2003, ApJ Letters submitted
(astro-ph/0306220)
R. Genzel & C. J. Cesarsky, 2000, ARAA, 38,
761
R. Genzel et al., 2003a, ApJ in press (astro-ph/
0305423)
R. Genzel et al., 2003b, ApJ, 584, 633
A. Ghez et al., 2003, ApJ, 586, L127
R. I. Ivison et al., 2001, ApJ, 561, L45
S. Komossa et al., 2003, ApJ, 582, L15
D. Lutz et al., 2003, A&A, in press (astroph/
0307552)
T. Ott et al., 2003, ESO Messenger, 111, 1
M. J. Reid, 1993, ARAA, 31, 345
M.Tecza et al., 2000, ApJ, 537, 178
26-31 (PDF)
S. D'Odorico et al.
VIMOS in operation at the VLT

ADS BibCode:
2003Msngr.113...26D
Section:
Telescopes and Instrumentation
Author(s)/Affiliation(s):
D'Odorico, S.; Aguayo, A.-M.; Brillant, S.; Canavan, T.; Castillo, R.; Cuby, J.-G.; Dekker, H.; Haddad, N.; Izzo, C.; Hanuschik, R.; Kissler-Patig, M.; Lizon, J.-L.; Marchesi, M.; Marconi, G.; Moller, P.; Palsa, R.; Robert, P.; Romaniello, M.; Sartoretti, P.
AA(ESO, Instrumentation Division) AB(ESO, Paranal Observatory) AC(ESO, Paranal Observatory) AD(ESO, Data Management Division) AE(ESO, Paranal Observatory) AF(ESO, Paranal Observatory) AG(ESO, Instrumentation Division) AH(ESO, Paranal Observatory) AI(ESO, Data Management Division) AJ(ESO, Data Management Division) AK(ESO, Instrumentation Division) AL(ESO, Instrumentation Division) AM(ESO, Paranal Observatory) AN(ESO, Paranal Observatory) AO(ESO, Data Management Division) AP(ESO, Data Management Division) AQ(ESO, Paranal Observatory) AR(ESO, Data Management Division) AS(ESO, Data Management Division)
Abstract:
The performance of VIMOS, the powerful large field imager, multiobject spectrograph at the VLT, is critically assessed after the first four months of operation and the current activities for its upgrade are presented.
References:
Le Fèvre O. et al., 2002, ESO Messenger,
109, 21
Le Fèvre O. et al., 2003, ESO Messenger,
111, 18
Hanuschik H. & Silva D., 2002, ESO
Messenger, 108, 4
31-31 (PDF)
ESO
VLT Observes Comet Halley at Record Distance

ADS BibCode:
2003Msngr.113...31.
Section:
Telescopes and Instrumentation
Author(s)/Affiliation(s):
ESO
AA(ESO)
32-36 (PDF)
F. Comeron et al.
Four years of Service Mode observing at the VLT: performance and user feedback

ADS BibCode:
2003Msngr.113...32C
Section:
Telescopes and Instrumentation
Author(s)/Affiliation(s):
Comeron, F.; Romaniello, M.; Breysacher, J.; Silva, D.; Mathys, G.
AA(ESO, USER SUPPORT GROUP, DATA MANAGEMENT DIVISION) AB(ESO, USER SUPPORT GROUP, DATA MANAGEMENT DIVISION) AC(ESO, VISITING ASTRONOMERS SECTION, OFFICE OF THE DIRECTOR GENERAL) AD(ESO, DATA FLOW OPERATIONS GROUP, DATA MANAGEMENT DIVISION) AE(ESO, PARANAL SCIENCE PERATIONS)
Abstract:
On the night of 3rd April 1999 the ESO Very Large Telescope (VLT) started regular science operations with Service Mode (SM) observations using ISAAC at Antu, the first Unit Telescope. Nineteen days later, SM observations were executed for the first time with FORS1. Over the four years following that date, three more Unit Telescopes have joined Antu, five more instruments (FORS2, UVES, NACO, FLAMES and VIMOS) have joined ISAAC and FORS1, and SM observations are now being carried out during more than 50% of the observing time available on Paranal. It thus seems timely to present an overview of the performance of SM at the VLT, and how it is judged by its users. In this article we provide such an overview, discuss some lessons learned during the last four years, and present a summary of the main results collected from the VLT SM users community through the extensive questionnaire that ESO released in September 2002, where a broad range of the aspects of SM observing, from the Phase 1 proposal preparation to the scientific evaluation of the results obtained, is covered.
References:
Hanuschik, R., Silva,D., 2002, ESO Messenger,
108, 4.
Hanuschik, R. W., Hummel, W., Sartoretti, P.,
Silva, D.R., Proc. SPIE, 4844, 139.
Mathys, G., Gilmozzi, R., Hurtado, N., Kaufer,
A., Lidman, C., Parra, J., 2002, Proc. SPIE,
4844, 25.
Quinn, P.J.,Albrecht, M.A., Ballester, P., Banse,
K., Chavan,A.M.,GrosbŅl,P.,Péron, M., Silva,
D.R., 1998, Proc. SPIE, 3349, 2.
Quinn, P.J., Comerón, F., Gilmozzi, R., Mathys,
G., Péron, M., Pirenne, B., Silva, D.R., 2002,
Proc. SPIE, 4844, 1.
Silva, D., 2001, ESO Messenger, 105, 18.
Wallander,A., Spyromilio, J., 1997, Proc. SPIE,
3112, 9.
37-39 (PDF)
S. Stanghellini
The ALCATEL/EIE ALMA Antenna Prototype approaches completion in New Mexico

ADS BibCode:
2003Msngr.113...37S
Section:
Telescopes and Instrumentation
Author(s)/Affiliation(s):
Stanghellini, S.
ALMA Division, ESO
Abstract:
The article reviews the status of the European Prototype of the ALMA antennas, which is in the final stage of assembly at the Very Large Array site in New mexico. A short review of the technologies used in the antenna is given in the text.
40-44 (PDF)
G. Chincarini et al.
The last born at La Silla: REM, The Rapid Eye Mount

ADS BibCode:
2003Msngr.113...40C
Section:
Telescopes and Instrumentation
Author(s)/Affiliation(s):
Chincarini, G.; Zerbi, F.; Antonelli, A.; Conconi, P.; Cutispoto, G.; Covino, S.; D'Alessio, F.; de Ugarte Postigo, A.; Molinari, E.; Nicastro, L.; Tosti, G.; Vitali, F.; Mazzoleni, R.; Sciuto, G.; Stefanon, M.; Jordan, B.; Burderi, L.; Campana, S.; Danziger, J.; di Paola, A.; Fernandez-Soto, A.; Fiore, F.; Ghisellini, G.; Goldoni, P.; Israel, G. L.; Lorenzetti, D.; Mc Breen, B.; Masetti, N.; Messina, S.; Meurs, E.; Monfardini, A.; Palazzi, E.; Paul, J.; Pian, E.; Rodono, M.; Stella, L.; Tagliaferri, G.; Testa, V.; Vergani, S. D.
AA(Universita degli Studi di Milano Bicocca, Dipartimento di Fisica, Italy & INAF Osservatorio Astronomico di Brera, Merate,Italy) AB(INAF Osservatorio Astronomico di Brera, Merate,Italy) AC(INAF Osservatorio Astronomico di Roma, Roma,Italy) AD(INAF Osservatorio Astronomico di Brera, Merate,Italy) AE(INAF Osservatorio Astronomico di Catania,Italy) AF(INAF Osservatorio Astronomico di Brera, Merate,Italy) AG(INAF Osservatorio Astronomico di Roma, Roma,Italy) AH(CSICIAA Camino bajo de Huetor s/n Granata Spain) AI(INAF Osservatorio Astronomico di Brera, Merate,Italy) AJ(IASF CNR Palermo, Italy) AK(Universita di Perugia, Dipartimento di Fisica, Italy) AL(INAF Osservatorio Astronomico di Roma, Roma,Italy) AM(INAF Osservatorio Astronomico di Brera, Merate,Italy) AN(Universita di Perugia, Dipartimento di Fisica, Italy) AO(INAF Osservatorio Astronomico di Brera, Merate,Italy) AP(DIASDunsink Observatory, Dublin, Republic of Ireland) AQ(INAF Osservatorio Astronomico di Roma, Roma,Italy) AR(INAF Osservatorio Astronomico di Brera, Merate,Italy) AS(INAF Osservatorio Astronomico di Trieste, Italy) AT(INAF Osservatorio Astronomico di Roma, Roma,Italy) AU(Observatorio Astronomico - Universitat de Valencia, Spain) AV(INAF Osservatorio Astronomico di Roma, Roma,Italy) AW(INAF Osservatorio Astronomico di Brera, Merate,Italy) AX(Service d’Astrophysique, CEA-Saclay, France) AY(INAF Osservatorio Astronomico di Roma, Roma,Italy) AZ(INAF Osservatorio Astronomico di Roma, Roma,Italy) BA(University College of Dublin, Republic of Ireland) BB(IASF CNR Bologna, Italy) BC(INAF Osservatorio Astronomico di Catania,Italy) BD(DIASDunsink Observatory, Dublin, Republic of Ireland) BE(CARSOUniversita di Trieste, Italy) BF(IASF CNR Bologna, Italy) BG(Service d’Astrophysique, CEA-Saclay, France) BH(INAF Osservatorio Astronomico di Trieste, Italy & IASF CNR Bologna, Italy) BI(INAF Osservatorio Astronomico di Catania,Italy) BJ(INAF Osservatorio Astronomico di Roma, Roma,Italy) BK(INAF Osservatorio Astronomico di Brera, Merate,Italy) BL(INAF Osservatorio Astronomico di Roma, Roma,Italy) BM(INAF Osservatorio Astronomico di Brera, erate,Italy)
Abstract:
Cerro La Silla in June welcomed a new small telescope on its top: The Rapid Eye Mount (REM) Italian Telescope: a telescope which has been conceived and designed to immediately point and observe the Gamma-Ray Bursts detected by satellites. Its immediate data gathering capability and its accurate astrometry in the optical and in the near-infrared will also allow an early alert and pointing of the Very Large Telescope.
References:
Gehrels, N., Chincarini, G., Giommi, P. et al.,
2003, Ap.J. in preparation.
Piran,T., 1999, Physics Reports, 314, 575
Zerbi, F., Chincarini,G., Conconi, P. et al.A&A,
in preparation.
SEE ALSO:
Kaper, L., et al., 2002. Gamma-ray bursts: the
most powerful cosmic explosions, ESO
Messenger, 109, 37
Pedersen, H., et al., 2000, Gamma-ray Bursts –
Pushing limits with the VLT, ESO
Messenger, 100, 32
45-48 (PDF)
M. Boer et al.
The Gamma-Ray Burst Hunt at La Silla the TAROT-S Very Fast Moving Telescope

ADS BibCode:
2003Msngr.113...45B
Section:
Telescopes and Instrumentation
Author(s)/Affiliation(s):
Boer, M.; Klotz, A.; Atteia, J.-L.; Buchholtz, G.; Daigne, F.; Eysseric, J.; Goldoni, P.; Jean, P.; Lecavelier Des Etangs, A.; Lopez, M.; Malina, R.; Marcowith, A.; Marquette, J. B.; Mayet, A.; Mirabel, F.; Mochkovitch, R.; Pacheco, J.; Pares, L.; Paul, J.; Pedersen, H.; Pinna, H.; Sivan, J.-P.
AA(Centre d’Etude Spatiale des Rayonnements (CNRS/OMP), Toulouse, France) AB(Centre d’Etude Spatiale des Rayonnements (CNRS/OMP), Toulouse, France) AC(Laboratoire d’Astrophysique de Toulouse (CNRS/ UPS/OMP), France) AD(INSU/CNRS Division Technique, Meudon, France) AE(Institut d’Astrophysique de Paris (CNRS/UPMC), France) AF(INSU/CNRS Division Technique, Meudon, France) AG(CEA, Service d’Astrophysique, France) AH(Centre d’Etude Spatiale des Rayonnements (CNRS/OMP), Toulouse, France) AI(Institut d’Astrophysique de Paris (CNRS/UPMC), France) AJ(INSU/CNRS Division Technique, Meudon, France) AK(Laboratoire d’Astronomie de Marseille (CNRS/UAMI/OAMP), France) AL(Centre d’Etude Spatiale des Rayonnements (CNRS/OMP), Toulouse, France) AM(Institut d’Astrophysique de Paris (CNRS/UPMC), France) AN(Centre d’Elaboration des Matériaux et d’Etudes Structurales, Toulouse, France) AO(CEA, Service d’Astrophysique, France) AP(Institut d’Astrophysique de Paris (CNRS/UPMC), France) AQ(Observatoire de la Côte d’Azur, Nice, France) AR(Laboratoire d’Astrophysique de Toulouse (CNRS/ UPS/OMP), France) AS(CEA, Service d’Astrophysique, France) AT(Copenhagen University Observatory, Denmark) AU(Centre d’Elaboration des Matériaux et d’Etudes Structurales, Toulouse, France) AV(Observatoire de Haute Provence (OAMP/CNRS), France.)
Abstract:
The study of cosmic Gamma-Ray Bursts (GRBs) is an important challenge for the understanding of the formation of black holes and for the star formation and evolution in the early universe. GRBs are also an invaluable cosmological probe. ESO has agreed to install a set of robotic telescopes at La Silla, TAROT-S and REM (Chincarini et al., see page 40). TAROT-South is a very fast moving (1s) optical robotic observatory able to observe from the beginning of the explosion. The spacecraft fleet detecting GRBs will send timely signals to TAROT, which in turn will be able to give a sub-arc second position to the community. The data from TAROT-S will also be useful to study the evolution of GRBs, the physics of the fireball and of the surrounding material.
References:
Boër, M., Hurley, K., Gottardi, M., 1989, A&A,
214, 148
Boër, M., Motch, C., Pedersen, H. et al.,“Looking
for Optical Emission from gamma-ray
bursters”, 1991, ESO Messenger, 66, 61
Boër, M., Atteia, J.L., Bringer, M. et al., 2001,
A&A, 378, 76.
Bringer, M. Boër, M., Peignot, C. et al., 2002,
Exper. Astron., 12, 33
Kaper, L., Castro-Tirado, A., Fruchter, A.,
“Gamma-Ray Bursts – the most powerful
cosmic explosions”, 2002, ESO Messenger,
109, 37
Katz, J., “The biggest bangs : the mystery of
gamma-ray bursts, the most violent explosions
in the universe,” 2002, Oxford University
Press, ISBN 0195145704
Klotz, A., Boër, M., Atteia, J.L., 2003, A&A,
404, 815
Pedersen, H.Atteia, J.L., Boër, et al.,“Gamma-
Ray Bursts – Pushing Limits with the VLT”,
ESO Messenger, 100, 32
Piran,T., 1999, Phys. Rep., 314,575
van Paradijs, J., Kouveliotou, C., Wijers,
R.A.M.J., 2000, ARAA, 38, 379

Reports from Observers

49-55 (PDF)
E. F. van Dishoeck et al.
Origin and Evolution of Ices in Star-Forming Regions: A VLT-ISAAC 3-5 microns Spectroscopic Survey

ADS BibCode:
2003Msngr.113...49V
Section:
Reports from Observers
Author(s)/Affiliation(s):
van Dishoeck, E. F.; Dartois, E.; Pontoppidan, K. M.; Thi, W. F.; D'Hendecourt, L.; Boogert, A. C. A.; Fraser, H. J.; Schutte, W. A.; Tielens, A. G. G. M.
AA(Leiden Observatory, The Netherlands) AB(IAS, Paris, France) AC(Leiden Observatory, The Netherlands) AD(Leiden Observatory, The Netherlands & Sterrenkundig Instituut, Amsterdam, The Netherlands) AE(IAS, Paris, France) AF(Caltech, Pasadena, USA) AG(Sackler Laboratory, Leiden Observatory, The Netherlands) AH(Sackler Laboratory, Leiden Observatory, The Netherlands) AI(Kapteyn Observatory/SRON, Groningen, The Netherlands)
Abstract:
The VLT has opened up the possibility to perform spectroscopic surveys of large numbers of young low-mass stars which are still deeply embedded in their parental clouds. Our infrared spectra show a rich variety of features due to ices and gas-phase molecules, each of which trace different aspects of the physical and chemical state of the objects. Highlights include fundamental new insight into the structure of interstellar ices; the first detection of solid methanol in low-mass protostars, a key ingredient for building more complex organic molecules; direct evidence for significant freeze-out in edge-on circumstellar discs; and sensitive limits on minor ice components such as ammonia and deuterated water.
References:
Boogert,A.C.A., Hogerheijde,M. R., & Blake,
G.A. 2002, ApJ 568, 761
Dartois, E.,Thi,W.-F., Geballe,T. R., et al. 2003,
A&A 399, 1099
Dartois, E., d’Hendecourt, L., Thi, W.-F. et al.
2002, A&A 394, 1057
Evans,N. J.,Allen, L. E., Blake,G.A. et al. 2003,
PASP 115, 965
Spoon, H.W.W., Moorwood,A. F. M., Pontoppidan,
K. M., et al. 2003, A&A 402, 499
Pontoppidan, K. M., Fraser,H. J.,Dartois, E., et
al. 2003a, A&A, in press
Pontoppidan, K. M.,Dartois, E., van Dishoeck,
E. F., et al. 2003b, A&A 404, L17
Pontoppidan, K. M., Schöier, F. L., van
Dishoeck, E. F., & Dartois, E. 2002, A&A
393, 585
Thi,W. F., Pontoppidan, K. M., van Dishoeck, E.
F., et al. 2002, A&A 394, L27
van Dishoeck, E. F. & Tielens,A.G.G.M. 2001,
in The Century of Space Science, eds. J.
Bleeker et al. (Kluwer: Dordrecht), p. 607
56-63 (PDF)
A. Franceschini et al.
Deep Infrared Surveys and their Cosmological Implications

ADS BibCode:
2003Msngr.113...56F
Section:
Reports from Observers
Author(s)/Affiliation(s):
Franceschini, A.; Berta, S.; Rodighiero, G.; Elbaz, D.; Rigopoulou, D.; Aussel, H.; Cesarsky, C. J.; Fadda, D.; Flores, H.; Rowan-Robinson, M.; Vaccari, M.
AA(Dipartimento di Astronomia, Padova, Italy) AB(Dipartimento di Astronomia, Padova, Italy) AC(Dipartimento di Astronomia, Padova, Italy) AD(Service d’Astrophysique/CEA, Saclay, France) AE(Max Planck Institute fuer Extraterrestrische Physik, Garching bei Muenchen, Germany) AF(Institute for Astronomy, Hawaii, USA) AG(European Southern Observatory, Garching, Germany) AH(Caltech, SIRTF Science Center, USA) AI(GEPI, Observatoire de Paris Meudon, France) AJ(ICSTM, Astrophysics Group, London, U. K.) AK(Dipartimento di Astronomia, Padova, Italy)
Abstract:
Since the recent discovery by the COBE mission of a Cosmic Background in the Infrared containing roughly half of the global cosmic radiative budget, one of the important themes in cosmology has been the detection and characterization of its sources. We report here on the first attempts in this sense carried out through deep mid- and far-IR surveys with the Infrared Space Observatory, and we detail on the observational campaigns of optical follow-up using various ESO telescopes. This resulted in the identification of a population of luminous and ultra-luminous massive star-forming galaxies, strongly evolving in cosmic time. These results set the scene for the forthcoming deeper explorations using the SIRTF observatory and the latest generation of ESO instruments.
References:
Aussel, H., Cesarsky, C., Elbaz, D., Starck, J.L.,
1999, A&A, 342, 313
Dickinson, M., Giavalisco, M., ESO/UCM
Meeting on the Mass of Galaxies at Low and
High Redshift, Springer-Verlag, ESO Astrophysics
Symposia, R. Bender & A. Renzini,
Eds, 2001, p. 324
Elbaz, D., Cesarsky, C., 2003, Science, 300-5617,
270
Elbaz, D., Cesarsky, C., Chanial, P., Aussel, H.,
Franceschini, A., Fadda, D. & Chary, R.,
2002, A&A, 384, 848
Fadda, D., Flores, H., Hasinger, G., Franceschini,
A., Altieri, B., Cesarsky, C. J., Elbaz, D.,
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64-66 (PDF)
S. L. Ellison et al.
The CORALS Survey: A Review and Progress Report on The Search for Dust Obscured Quasar Absorption Line Systems

ADS BibCode:
2003Msngr.113...64E
Section:
Reports from Observers
Author(s)/Affiliation(s):
Ellison, S. L.; Pettini, M.; Churchill, C. W.; Hook, I. M.; Lopez, S.; Rix, S. A.; Shaver, P.; Wall, J. V.; Yan, L.
AA(European Southern Observatory & P. Universidad Catolica de Chile, Santiago, Chile) AB(Institute of Astronomy, Cambridge, UK) AC(Penn. State University, State College, USA) AD(Gemini Observatory, Oxford, UK) AE(Universidad de Chile, Santiago, Chile) AF(Institute of Astronomy, Cambridge, UK) AG(European Southern Observatory) AH(Dept. of Astrophysics, University of Oxford, UK) AI(SIRTF Science Center, Pasadena, California, USA)
Abstract:
Distant, luminous quasars can be used to study intervening gas-rich galaxies - a potentially powerful tool for tracing galaxy evolution over most of the age of the universe. Here we describe the CORALS quasar survey which aims to quantify whether dust in such galaxies could hide a significant fraction of background quasars from view and bias our view of early galaxy formation.
References:
Ellison, S. L., & Lopez, S., 2001, A&A, 380, 117
Ellison, S. L., Yan, L., Hook, I., et al., 2001,
A&A, 379, 393
Ellison, S. L., Yan, L., Hook, I.,et al., 2002,
A&A, 383, 91
Jackson, C. A., Wall, J. V., Shaver, P. A., et al.,
2002, A&A, 386, 97
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1799
Smette,A., Claeskens, J.-F., Surdej, J., 1997, New
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Steidel, C. C., & Sargent,W. L,W., 1992, ApJS,
80, 1
67-70 (PDF)
R. Morganti et al.
IC 5063: AGN driven outflow of warm and cold gas

ADS BibCode:
2003Msngr.113...67M
Section:
Reports from Observers
Author(s)/Affiliation(s):
Morganti, R.; Oosterloo, T.; Holt, J.; Tadhunter, C.; van der Hulst, J. M.
AA(ASTRON, Netherlands Foundation for Research in Astronomy, NL) AB(ASTRON, Netherlands Foundation for Research in Astronomy, NL) AC(Dep. of Physics and Astronomy, Sheffield University, UK & Kapteyn Astronomical Institute, Groningen, NL) AD(Dep. of Physics and Astronomy, Sheffield University, UK) AE(Kapteyn Astronomical Institute, Groningen, NL)
Abstract:
The southern Seyfert galaxy IC 5063 was the first AGN where a fast outflow of neutral hydrogen was detected. Here we present new optical spectra that were taken with the ESO-NTT to compare the kinematics of the ionised gas with that of the neutral hydrogen component in order to study the mechanism that could drive this outflow. The data reveal extremely complex gas kinematics, including the presence of an outflow of ionised gas (with speeds of several hundred km/s) at the location of the brighter radio lobe. This outflow is strikingly similar to that of the HI. We consider the interaction between the radio jet and the ISM to be the most likely mechanism for the extreme kinematics and a possible scenario is described.
References:
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Other Astronomical News

71-71 (PDF)
ESO
ESO Director General appointed President-Elect of the International Astronomical Union

ADS BibCode:
2003Msngr.113Q..71.
Section:
Other Astronomical News
Author(s)/Affiliation(s):
ESO
AA(ESO)
Abstract:
The General Assembly of the International Astronomical Union (IAU), meeting in Sydney (Australia) in July, has appointed the ESO Director General, Dr. Catherine Cesarsky, as President-Elect for the three-year period 2003-2006. The IAU is the world's foremost organisation for astronomy, uniting almost 9000 professional scientists on all continents.
71-71 (PDF)
ESO
ESO at the IAU General Assembly

ADS BibCode:
2003Msngr.113R..71.
Section:
Other Astronomical News
Author(s)/Affiliation(s):
ESO
AA(ESO)
Abstract:
The 25th General Assembly of the International Astronomical Union was held in Sydney,Australia, from 13-24 July 2003. For two weeks the world of professional astronomy descended on Darling Harbour. In the early days it was used for receiving fresh produce and timber from Parramatta and the north coast, but with time had become a somewhat derelict dock area. Following massive redevelopment of the old wharves in the course of the 1980s, it now constitutes a spectacular example of contemporary urban renovation, with shopping malls, hotels, restaurants, museums and other leisure facilities, as well as the magnificent Sydney Convention and Exhibition Centre (SCEC).
72-73 (PDF)
ESO
Fellows at ESO

ADS BibCode:
2003Msngr.113Q..72.
Section:
Other Astronomical News
Author(s)/Affiliation(s):
ESO
AA(ESO)
Abstract:
MALVINA BILLERES; VALENTIN D. IVANOV; CLAUDIO MELO; CHRIS MULLIS
72-72 (PDF)
ESO
Philippe Busquin Visits Paranal European Commissioner for Research at the ESO Very Large Telescope

ADS BibCode:
2003Msngr.113R..72.
Section:
Other Astronomical News
Author(s)/Affiliation(s):
ESO
AA(ESO)
Abstract:
The European Commissioner for Research, Mr. Philippe Busquin, who was visiting the Republic of Chile, arrived at the ESO Paranal Observatory on July 29, 2003. The Commissioner was accompanied, among others, by the EU Ambassador to Chile, Mr. Wolfgang Plasa, and Ms. Christina Lazo, Executive Director of the Chilean Science and Technology Agency (CONICYT).

Announcements

74-74 (PDF)
ESO
Personnel Movements

ADS BibCode:
2003Msngr.113Q..74.
Section:
Announcements
Author(s)/Affiliation(s):
ESO
AA(ESO)
74-74 (PDF)
ESO
First Advanced Chilean School on - "Extrasolar Planets and Brown Dwarfs"

ADS BibCode:
2003Msngr.113R..74.
Section:
Announcements
Author(s)/Affiliation(s):
ESO
AA(ESO)
74-74 (PDF)
ESO
Physics of Active Galactic Nuclei at All Scales

ADS BibCode:
2003Msngr.113S..74.
Section:
Announcements
Author(s)/Affiliation(s):
ESO
AA(ESO)
75-75 (PDF)
ESO
ESO Fellowship Programme 2003/2004

ADS BibCode:
2003Msngr.113R..75.
Section:
Announcements
Author(s)/Affiliation(s):
ESO
AA(ESO)
Abstract:
THE EUROPEAN SOUTHERN OBSERVATORY AWARDS SEVERAL POSTDOCTORAL FELLOWSHIPS to provide young scientists opportunities and facilities to enhance their research programmes. Its goal is to bring them into close contact with the instruments, activities, and people at one of the world's foremost observatories. For more information about ESO's astronomical research activities please consult http://www.eso.org/science/
75-75 (PDF)
ESO
Staff Astronomer (CSO111)

ADS BibCode:
2003Msngr.113Q..75.
Section:
Announcements
Author(s)/Affiliation(s):
ESO
AA(ESO)
Abstract:
Assignment: APEX is a sub-mm telescope presently being erected at the ALMA site of Chajnantor in Chile through a collaboration between the MPIfR, ESO and Sweden. The site is excellent for sub-mm observations, and the telescope will be equipped with bolometer arrays and heterodyne receivers for observations at sub-mm wavelengths as well as in the THz band. We seek two staff astronomers for APEX. They will join a team of scientists, engineers, and technicians, in total 20 people, responsible for the operation and maintenance of the antenna and its instrumentation. Astronomers will be part of the science operations group responsible to support observations, both in visitor mode and service mode, to develop calibration and quality control procedures for the instruments, to control the configuration of the system, and to develop operational procedures for the telescope including pointing models. The Science Operations team will consist of staff astronomers, fellows and telescope operators.

76-76 (PDF)
ESO
Contents

ADS BibCode:
2003Msngr.113Q..76.
Author(s)/Affiliation(s):
ESO
AA(ESO)
76-76 (PDF)
ESO
Venus Rendezvous with the Sun

ADS BibCode:
2003Msngr.113R..76.
Section:
Announcements
Author(s)/Affiliation(s):
ESO
AA(ESO)
Abstract:
An invitation to planetariums, public observatories, amateur astronomy associations, etc. to participate in a unique public educational programme