Messenger No. 61 (September 1990)

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1-2 (PDF)
ESO
Portugal and ESO Sign Cooperation Agreement

ADS BibCode:
1990Msngr..61....1.
Author(s)/Affiliation(s):
ESO
AA(ESO)
2-3 (PDF)
ESO
Speech by Professor José Pedro Sucena Paiva

ADS BibCode:
1990Msngr..61....2.
Author(s)/Affiliation(s):
ESO
AA(ESO)
3-4 (PDF)
ESO
Speech by Professor Teresa Lago

ADS BibCode:
1990Msngr..61....3.
Author(s)/Affiliation(s):
ESO
AA(ESO)
4-5 (PDF)
M. T. Lago
A short summary of astronomy at "Centro de Astrofísica da Universidade do Porto".

ADS BibCode:
1990Msngr..61....4L
Author(s)/Affiliation(s):
Lago, M. T.
AA(Astrophysical Centre, University of Porto, Portugal)
5-6 (PDF)
ESO
New ESO Scientific Preprints (June-August 1990)

ADS BibCode:
1990Msngr..61....5.
Author(s)/Affiliation(s):
ESO
AA(ESO)
6-8 (PDF)
ESO
Visiting Astronomers (October 1, 1990-April 1, 1991)

ADS BibCode:
1990Msngr..61....6.
Author(s)/Affiliation(s):
ESO
AA(ESO)
6-6 (PDF)
ESO
ESO Fellowships 1991-1992

ADS BibCode:
1990Msngr..61Q...6.
Author(s)/Affiliation(s):
ESO
AA(ESO)
8-10 (PDF)
M. Véron-Cetty, D. Baade
During 2nd ESO/OHP Summer School in Astrophysical Observations: Observatorie de Haute-Provence Becomes a European Northern Observatory

ADS BibCode:
1990Msngr..61....8V
Author(s)/Affiliation(s):
Véron-Cetty, M.; Baade, D.
AA(Observatoire de Haute-Provence, C. N. R. S., France) AB(ESO)
10-10 (PDF)
ESO
2nd ESO/ST-ECF Data Analysis Workshop & Bulges of Galaxies

ADS BibCode:
1990Msngr..61...10.
Author(s)/Affiliation(s):
ESO
AA(ESO)
11-17 (PDF)
M. Grenon
The northern Chile climate and its evolution. A pluridisciplinary approach to the VLT site selection.

ADS BibCode:
1990Msngr..61...11G
Author(s)/Affiliation(s):
Grenon, M.
AA(Geneva Observatory, Switzerland)
References:
Arroyo, M.T.K., 1988, Ann. Missouri Bot. Card, 75, 55-78.
Caviedes, G. N., 1990, Climatic Change, 16, 99.
Donoso-Barros, R., 1966, Reptiles in Chile, Ed. Univ. de Chile, Santiago.
Fuenzalida, H., 1983, Proceedings of the ESO Workshop "Site Testing for Future Large Telescopes", La Silla, 4-6 October 1983.
Hoffmann, A. E., 1989, Cactaceas en la florasilvestre de Chile. Ed. Fundacion Claudio Gay, Santiago de Chile.
Huber, A,, 1979, "Estimacion empirica de las caracteristicas hidrologicas de Chile", Agro Sur 7, 57-65.
Lauer, W., 1986, Ber. Deutsch. Bot. Ges., 99, 21 1.
Perez, V.Q., 1983, Geographia de Chile 111, Biographia lnstituto Geographico Militar.
Rodriguez, C. R., 1988, "Plantas para lefia en el Sur-occidente de Puno" proyecto arbolandino, Punto, Peru.
Weischet, W., 1966, Freiburger Universitatsblatter, 12, 53-68.
11-11 (PDF)
ESO
Selection of the VLT Site

ADS BibCode:
1990Msngr..61...11.
Author(s)/Affiliation(s):
ESO
AA(ESO)
17-18 (PDF)
R. M. West
Halley Enters Hibernation

ADS BibCode:
1990Msngr..61...17W
Author(s)/Affiliation(s):
West, R. M.
AA(ESO)
17-17 (PDF)
D. Enard
Progress on the VLT Mirror Cell Design

ADS BibCode:
1990Msngr..61...17E
Author(s)/Affiliation(s):
Enard, D.
AA(ESO)
18-18 (PDF)
ESO
Minor Planet Named After Lo Woltjer

ADS BibCode:
1990Msngr..61...18.
Author(s)/Affiliation(s):
ESO
AA(ESO)
19-20 (PDF)
T. Le Bertre et al.
Investigation of the galactic distribution and physical properties of carbon stars.

ADS BibCode:
1990Msngr..61...19L
Author(s)/Affiliation(s):
Le Bertre, T.; Epchtein, N.; Fouqué, P.; Hron, J.; Kerschbaum, F.; Lépine, J.
AA(ESO) AB(Paris Observatory, France) AC(Paris Observatory, France) AD(Vienna Observatory, Austria) AE(Vienna Observatory, Austria) AF(Sao Paulo University, Brazil)
References:
Iben, 1.: 1981, in Physical Processes in Red Giants, ed. by I. lben and A. Renzini, p. 3.
Epchtein, N., Le Bertre, T., Lepine, J. R. D., Marques dos Santos, P., Matsuura, O.T., Picazzio, E.: 1987, Astron. Astrophys. Suppl. Ser. 71, 39.
Epchtein, N., Le Bertre, T., Lepine, J. R. D.: 1990, Astron. Astrophys. 227, 82.
20-21 (PDF)
H. Hensberge et al.
High precision radial velocity determinations for the study of the internal kinematical and dynamical structure and evolution of young stellar groups.

ADS BibCode:
1990Msngr..61...20H
Author(s)/Affiliation(s):
Hensberge, H.; van Dessel, E. L.; Burger, M.; de Zeeuw, P. T.; Lub, J.; Lepoole, R. S.; Verschueren, W.; David, M.; Theuns, T.; de Loore, C.; de Geus, E. J.; Mathieu, R. D.; Blaauw, A.
AA(Royal Observatory of Belgium) AB(Royal Observatory of Belgium) AC(Royal Observatory of Belgium) AD(University of Leiden, the Netherlands) AE(University of Leiden, the Netherlands) AF(University of Leiden, the Netherlands) AG(University of Antwerp, Belgium) AH(University of Antwerp, Belgium) AI(University of Antwerp, Belgium) AJ(University of Antwerp, Belgium) AK(University of Maryland, USA) AL(University of Wisconsin, USA) AM(Universities of Leiden and Groningen, the Netherlands)
References:
Lada, C. J.: 1987, IAU Symp. 11 5, 1.
Duerr, R., Imhoff, C.L., Lada, C.J.: 1982, Astrophys. J. 261, 135.
Mathieu, R. D.: 1986, Highlights of Astronomy, 7, 481.
De Geus, E. J., Lub, J., van de Grift: 1990, Astron. Astrophys. Suppl. (in press).
De Geus, E.J., De Zeeuw, P.T., Lub, J.: 1989, Astron. Astrophys. 216, 44.
Verschueren, W., Hensberge, H., de Loore, C.: 1990, in Proc. Xlth ERAM (Tenerife, July 1989), in press.
De Geus, E.J., Bronfman, L., Thaddeus, P.: 1990, Astron. Astrophys. 231, 137.
Theuns, T.: 1990, in Proc. Xlth ERAM (Tenerife, July 1989), in press.
Fekel, F. C.: 1985, IAU Coll. 88, 335.
Wyatt, W. F.: 1985, IAU Coll. 88, 123.
Mathieu, R. D.: 1985, IAU Coll. 88, 249.
Hartmann, L., Hewett, R., Stahler, S., Mathieu, R. D.: 1986, Astrophys. J. 309, 275.
Sargent, A. I.: 1985, in: Birth and Evolution of Massive Stars and Stellar Groups, eds. W. Boland and H. Van Woerden (Dordrecht, Reidel), p. 5.
Hensberge, H., Verschueren, W.: 1989, The Messenger 58, 51.
Verschueren, W., Hensberge, H.: 1990, Astron. Astrophys., in press.
21-22 (PDF)
P. Benvenuti
The Status of the Hubble Space Telescope

ADS BibCode:
1990Msngr..61...21B
Author(s)/Affiliation(s):
Benvenuti, P.
AA(ST-ECF)
22-24 (PDF)
R. N. Wilson
'Matching error' (spherical aberration) in the Hubble Space Telescope (HST) - Some technical comments

ADS BibCode:
1990Msngr..61...22W
Author(s)/Affiliation(s):
Wilson, R. N.
AA(European Southern Observatory, Garching, Federal Republic of Germany)
Abstract:
An analysis is presented of the systematic error revealed in the HST that has a systematic error giving an image with approximately 70 percent of the geometrical light energy within about 1.5 arcsec diameter instead of less than 0.1 arcsec predicted from its specification of 'diffraction limited performance' for visible light (wavelength 500 nm). This error has been identified as principally spherical aberration due to 'matching error'. It is calculated that the spherical aberration error alone would give an image at best focus with 100 percent of the geometrical light energy within about 1.5 arcsec diameter.
References:
H. E. Dall, 1947, J. Brit. Astron. Ass., 57 (5) also 1953, Amateur Telescope Making, Book 3, Scientific American Inc., 149.
R. N. Wilson, 1974, ESO Technical Report No. 3, July 1974.
Wetthauer and Brodhun, 1920, Zeitschrift f. lnstrumentenkunde 40, 96.
J. Espiard and B. Favre, 1970, Nouvelle Rev. d'optique appliquee, 1 (6), 395.
D.O. Hendrix and W.H. Christie, 1939, Scientific American, August 1939.
Hochgraf, 1969, Opt. Sci. Center Newsletter, Jan.-March 1969, 41.
R.N. Wilson, F. Franza, L. Noethe and G. Andreoni, 1990, ESO Technical Preprint No. 24, May 1990.
24-27 (PDF)
D. Baade, L. B. Lucy
HST images: what can image processing do?

ADS BibCode:
1990Msngr..61...24B
Author(s)/Affiliation(s):
Baade, D.; Lucy, L. B.
AA(ESO) AB(ESO)
References:
Adorf, H.-M.: 1989, in Proc. 1 st ESO/ST-ECF Data Analysis Workshop, eds. P.J. Grosb01, F. Murtagh, R.H. Warmels, p. 215.
Evans, I.N., Ford, H.C., and Hui, X.: 1989, Astrophys. J. 347, 68.
Heasley, J. N.: 1984, P.A.S.P. 96, 767.
Lucy, L. B.: 1974, Astron. J., 79, 745.
Lucy, L.B. and Baade, D.: 1989, in Proc. 1st ESO/ST-ECF Data Analysis Workshop, eds. P. J. Grosberl, F. Murtagh, R.H. Warmels, p. 21 9.
27-36 (PDF)
A. Blaauw
ESO's early history, 1953 - 1975. VIII. The 3.6-m telescope project; from concept to the late 1960's.

ADS BibCode:
1990Msngr..61...27B
Author(s)/Affiliation(s):
Blaauw, A.
AA(Kapteyn Laboratory, Groningen, the Netherlands)
Abstract:
This article reviews work towards the realization of the 3.6-m telescope from the early beginnings of ESO up to the moment, at the end of 1969, when Council drastically changed course. These early years saw an Instrumentation Committee, a Directorate and an engineering bureau devoted to the creation of an instrument of dimensions and costs, an order of magnitude larger than anything achieved so far in optical astronomy in Europe. Unfortunately, lack of experience proved to be a serious drawback, and this unavoidably puts its stamp on the present, somewhat cheerless, account. The new approach adopted by Council late 1969, will be described in the next article.
References:
Wykeham Publications Ltd., London- Winchester 1975.
Heckmann Sterne, p. 323.
For reports on work by Baranne, Kohler, and Paul of the years 1962 and 1963, see EHA-I.C.l.9.m.
See page 11 8 of the Symposium Report.
FHA, Minutes 28th meeting of the IC, p. 911 0.
FHA, DOC. IC-26 = BG-16.
FHA, DOC. IC-18 = BG-15.
FHA, Minutes of the 12th Cou Meeting, p. 13.
FHA, DOC. IC-24. [lo] For reports of these meetings, see FHA Docs. IC-27 and IC-29.
36-39 (PDF)
M. Scardia
Observations of visual double stars at La Silla.

ADS BibCode:
1990Msngr..61...36S
Author(s)/Affiliation(s):
Scardia, M.
AA(Osservatorio Astronomico di Brera, Merate, Italy)
References:
Baize, P., 1930, L'Astronomie 44, 268.
Couteau, P., 1978, L'observation des etoiles doubles visuelles, Flammarion, Paris.
Couteau, P., 1987, Astron. Astrophys. Suppl. Ser. 70, 193.
Couteau, P., 1988, Ces astronomes fous du ciel, Edisud, Aix-en-Provence.
Danjon, A., Couder, A., 1935, Lunettes et telescopes, Editions de la Revue d'optique
Theorique et Instrumentale, Paris.
Heintz, W.D., 1978, Double Stars, Reidel Publ. Company, Dordrecht.
Herschel, W., 1803, Account of changes in the relative situation of double stars, Philos. Transactions, II part.
Labeyrie, A,, 1970, Astron. Astrophys. 6, 85.
Scardia, M., 1989, Astrophys. Journ. Suppl. Ser. 71, 647.
Struve, F.G. W., 1837, Stellarum duplicium et multiplicium mensurae micrometricae Typographia Acadernica, Petropoli.
Texereau, J., 1961, La construction du telescope d'amateur, Societe Astronomique de France, Paris.
39-40 (PDF)
P. S. Thé, E. Bibo
Long-term photometry of Herbig Ae/Be stars in the Strömgren system.

ADS BibCode:
1990Msngr..61...39T
Author(s)/Affiliation(s):
Thé, P. S.; Bibo, E.
AA(Astronomical Institute "Anton Pannekoek", University of Amsterdam, the Netherlands) AB(Astronomical Institute "Anton Pannekoek", University of Amsterdam, the Netherlands)
References:
Baade, D., Stahl, 0.: 1989, Astron. Astrophys. 209, 255.
Bibo, E., The, P. S.: 1990, Astron. Astrophys., in press.
Blondel, P.F.C., Tjin A Djie, H.R.E., The, P. S.: 1989, Astron. Astrophys. 80, 1 1 5.
Grinin, V. P.: 1988, Sov. Astron. Lett. 14, 27.
Pugach, A.F.: 1981, Astroph. 17, 47.
Tjin A Djie, H. R. E., The, P.S., Andersen, J., Nordstrom, B., Finkenzeller, U., Jankovics, 1.: 1989, Astron. Astrophys. Suppl. Ser. 78, I.
Zajtseva, G. V.: 1986, Astroph. 25, 626.
41-43 (PDF)
M. della Valle, T. Augusteijn
The 1990 outburst of VY Aqr.

ADS BibCode:
1990Msngr..61...41D
Author(s)/Affiliation(s):
della Valle, M.; Augusteijn, T.
AA(ESO) AB(ESO)
References:
Augusteijn, T., Della Valle, M.: 1990, IAUC No. 5048.
Capaccioli, M., Della Valle, M., D'Onofrio, M., Rosino, L.: 1989, p. 1622.
Hendry, E.M.: 1983, Inf. Bull. Var. Stars, No. 2381.
Khopolov et al.: 1985, The General Catalogue of Variable Stars.
Krautter, J., Klare, G., Wolf, B., Wargau, W., Drechsel, H., Rahe, J., Vogt, N.: 1981, Astron. Astrophys., 98, 27.
Leibowitz, E.M., Laor, A,, Mazeh, T., Brosch, N.: 1987, IAUC No. 4418.
Payne-Gaposchkin, C.: 1957, The Galactic Novae, p. 199.
Pel, J.W.: 1985, Internal Report, Leiden Observatory.
Strohmeier, W.: 1962, Inf. Bull. Var. Stars, No. 15.
van Paradijs, J.: 1985, Astron. Astrophys., 144, 199.
Warner, B.: 1987, Mon. Not. R. Astr. Soc., 227, 23.
Warner, B., Livio, M.: 1987, Astrophys. Journ. Lett., 322, L95.
44-46 (PDF)
P. Andreani et al.
1.2-mm continuum observations of IRAS galaxies: implications for gas mass and cold dust component.

ADS BibCode:
1990Msngr..61...44A
Author(s)/Affiliation(s):
Andreani, P.; Franceschini, A.; Roland, J.
AA(ESO) AB(Osservatorio Astronomico di Padova, Italy) AC(Institut d'Astrophysique de Paris, France)
References:
P. Andreani et al., 1990, Astroph. J. 348, 467.
M.D. Bicay and R. Giovanelli, 1987, Astron. J., 93, 1326.
M. D. Bicay and G. Helou, 1990, to appear in Astroph. J., October.
R. Chini et al., 1986, Astron. Astroph., 166, L8.
B. T. Draine, 1989, in The interstellar medium in galaxies, ed. H.A. Thronson and J.M. Shull, Dordrecht: Kluwer, in press.
B.T. Draine and H. M. Lee, 1984, Astroph. J., 285, 89.
S.A. Eales et al., 1989, Astroph. J., 339, 859.
A. Franceschini et al., 1989, Astroph. J., 334, 35.
W. K. Gear et al., 1985, Astroph. J., 291, 51 1.
C.J. Lonsdale et al., 1989, Cataloged Galaxies and Quasars observed in the IRAS survey, version 2, Jet Propulsion Laboratory.
J.S. Mathis and G. Whiffen, 1989, Astroph. J., 341, 808.
I.F. Mirabel and D.B. Sanders, 1988, Astroph. J., 335, 104.
G.S. Orton et al., 1986, Icarus, 67, 289.
B. J. Smith et al., 1987, Astroph. J., 318, 161.
A. Stark et al., 1988, Astroph. J., 337, 650.
J.S. Young et al., 1989, Astroph. J. Suppl., 70, 699.
C. Xu and G. De Zotti, 1989, Astron. Astroph., 225, 12.
46-48 (PDF)
M. Hawkins, P. Véron
Variability as a way to find quasars: a complete sample.

ADS BibCode:
1990Msngr..61...46H
Author(s)/Affiliation(s):
Hawkins, M.; Véron, P.
AA(Royal Observatory Edinburgh, United Kingdom) AB(Observatoire de Haute-Provence, France)
References:
Angione, R. J., 1973, Astron. J. 78, 353.
Angione, R.J., Moore, E.P., Roosen, R.G. and Sievers, J., 1981, Astron. J. 86, 653.
Bonoli, F., Braccesi, A., Federici, L., Zitelli, V. and Formiggini, L., 1979, Astron. Astrophys. Suppl. 35, 391.
Gallagher, J.S. and Hamilton, D., 1988, Astrophys. J., 330, 661.
Gaskell, C. M., 1981, Astrophys. Letters 21, 103.
Hawkins, M. R.S., 1981, Nature 293, 116.
Hawkins, M.R.S., 1983, Monthly Not. Roy. Astr. Soc. 202, 571.
Hawkins, M.R.S., 1986, Monthly Not. Roy. Astr. Soc. 219, 417.
Koo, D.C., 1986, Astrophys. J. 311, 651.
Koo, D.C., Kron, R.G. and Cudworth, K.M., 1986, Publ. Astr. Soc. Pacific 98, 285.
Sanitt, N., 1975, Nature 258, 586.
Trevese, D., Pittella, G., Kron, R.G., Koo, D.C. and Bershady, M., 1989, Astron. J. 98, 108.
Van den Bergh, S., Herbst, E. and Pritchet, C., 1973, Astron. J. 78, 375.
Veron, P., 1983, 24th Liege International Astrophysical Colloquium, p. 210.
48-48 (PDF)
ESO
Staff Movements

ADS BibCode:
1990Msngr..61...48.
Author(s)/Affiliation(s):
ESO
AA(ESO)
49-51 (PDF)
D. Baade, P. Crane
A search for interstellar Be II λ3130: CASPEC shakes hands with IUE and GHRS.

ADS BibCode:
1990Msngr..61...49B
Author(s)/Affiliation(s):
Baade, D.; Crane, P.
AA(ESO) AB(ESO)
49-49 (PDF)
ESO
First Announcement of the 3rd ESO/ST-ECF Data Analysis Workshop

ADS BibCode:
1990Msngr..61...49.
Author(s)/Affiliation(s):
ESO
AA(ESO)
51-56 (PDF)
S. D'Odorico
EMMI, the ESO multi-mode instrument, successfully installed at the NTT.

ADS BibCode:
1990Msngr..61...51D
Author(s)/Affiliation(s):
D'Odorico, S.
AA(ESO)
56-58 (PDF)
A. Moorwood
New 2D IR array detectors for imaging and spectroscopy at ESO.

ADS BibCode:
1990Msngr..61...56M
Author(s)/Affiliation(s):
Moorwood, A.
AA(ESO)
58-60 (PDF)
M. Cullum, E. J. Wampler
The ESO MAMA detector.

ADS BibCode:
1990Msngr..61...58C
Author(s)/Affiliation(s):
Cullum, M.; Wampler, E. J.
AA(ESO) AB(ESO)
60-63 (PDF)
F. Zavatti et al.
Deconvolution of NTT images of E/S0 galaxies.

ADS BibCode:
1990Msngr..61...60Z
Author(s)/Affiliation(s):
Zavatti, F.; Bendinelli, O.; Parmeggiani, G.; Palumbo, G. G. C.; Bignami, G. F.
AA(Dipartimento di Astronomia, Universita di Bologna, Italy) AB(Dipartimento di Astronomia, Universita di Bologna, Italy) AC(Osservatorio Astronomico di Bologna, Italy) AD(Dipartimento di Astronomia, Universita di Bologna, Italy & I. TE. S. RE./C. N. R., Bologna, Italy) AE(I. F. C. T. R./C. N. R., Milano, Italy)
References:
Bendinelli, O., Parmeggiani, G., and Zavatti, F.: 1986, Ap. J. 308, 61 1.
Bendinelli, O., Parmeggiani, G., Piccioni, A., and Zavatti, F.: 1987, Astron. J. 94, 1095.
Bendinelli, O., Parmeggiani, G., and Zavatti, F.: 1988, J. Astrophys. Astron. 9, 17.
Bendinelli, O., Parmeggiani, G., and Zavatti, F.: 1989, in Highlights of Astronomy, proc. 20th IAU General Assembly, in press. Dordrecht: Kluwer.
Bendinelli, O., Parmeggiani, G., Zavatti, F., and Djorgovski, S.: 1990, Astron. J. 99, 774.
Gouiffes, G., Wampler, E.J., Baade D., and Wang, L.-F.: The Messenger, 58, 11.
Heap, S.R., and Linder, D.J.: 1987, Astron. Astrophys. 185, L 10.
Hunt, B.R.: 1973, IEEE Trans. Comp., C-22, 805.
Moffat, A.F.J.: 1969, Astr. Ap., 3, 455.
63-64 (PDF)
ESO
ESO Image Processing Group: MIDAS Memo

ADS BibCode:
1990Msngr..61...63.
Author(s)/Affiliation(s):
ESO
AA(ESO)
64-64 (PDF)
ESO
Contents

ADS BibCode:
1990Msngr..61...64.
Author(s)/Affiliation(s):
ESO
AA(ESO)