B68, the black cloud

This photograph shows an unusual sky field in the Milky Way band. It is centred on one of the classical, dark globules, known as Barnard 68 (B68) after the American astronomer, Edward E. Barnard (1857 - 1923), who included it in a list of such objects, published in 1919. It appears as a compact, opaque and rather sharply defined object against a rich, background star field. Even on this image that registers many faint stars in the area, not a single foreground star is observed. This is a clear sign that this globule must be relatively nearby. Interstellar clouds consist of gas and dust, including many molecules, some of which contain carbon atoms (i.e. organic). For a long time considered to be "holes in the sky", molecular clouds are now known to be among the coolest objects in the Universe (the temperature is approx. 10 K, or -263 °C). Moreover, and most importantly, they are nurseries of stars and planets. It still remains a mystery how a dark cloud like Barnard 68 at some moment begins to contract and subsequently transforms itself into hydrogen-burning stars. However, deep images of these clouds, such as this one obtained by FORS1 on VLT ANTU, may provide important clues. This small cloud seems to be in its very earliest phase of collapse. It has a diameter of only 7 light-months (approx. 0.2 pc) and it is located at a distance of about 500 light-years (160 pc) towards the southern constellation Ophiuchus (The Serpent-holder). This three-colour composite was reproduced from one blue (B), one green-yellow (V) and one near-infrared (I) exposure that were obtained with VLT ANTU and FORS1 in the early morning of March 27, 1999. The field measures 6.8x6.8 arcmin 2. The image consists of 2048x2048 pixels, each measuring 0.20 arcsec; the "Full Resolution" version of the photo shows all of these. North is up and East is to the left. (See also ESO Press Release eso0102.)

Crédit:

ESO

À propos de l'image

Identification:eso9924a
Type:Observation
Date de publication:30 avril 1999
Communiqués de presse en rapport:eso9924
Taille:1955 x 1953 px

À propos de l'objet

Nom:B 68, Barnard 68, LDN 57
Type:Milky Way : Nebula : Appearance : Dark : Bok Globule
Distance:500 années lumière
Constellation:Ophiuchus
Catégorie:Nebulae

Formats des images

Grand JPEG
2,4 Mio
JPEG taille écran
542,0 Kio

Fonds d'écran

1024x768
515,7 Kio
1280x1024
844,1 Kio
1600x1200
1,2 Mio
1920x1200
1,4 Mio
2048x1536
1,9 Mio

Coordinates

Position (RA):17 22 38.23
Position (Dec):-23° 49' 34.69"
Field of view:6.53 x 6.52 arcminutes
Orientation:North is 0.1° right of vertical

Couleurs & filtres

DomaineLongueur d'ondeTélescope
Visible
B
445 nmVery Large Telescope
FORS1
Visible
V
547 nmVery Large Telescope
FORS1
Infrarouge
I
806 nmVery Large Telescope
FORS1

 

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