Selected galaxies in Chandra Deep Field South

Collection of twelve subfields from the full wide field imager Chandra Deep Field South (WFI CDF-S), centred on (pairs or groups of) galaxies. Each of the subfields measures 2.5 x 2.5 square arcminutes (635 x 658 pix 2 ; 1 pixel = 0.238 arcsec). North is up and East is left.

Technical information: The very extensive data reduction and colour image processing needed to produce these images were performed by Mischa Schirmer and Thomas Erben at the "Wide Field Expertise Center" of the Institut für Astrophysik und Extraterrestrische Forschung der Universität Bonn (IAEF) in Germany. It was done by means of a software pipeline specialised for reduction of multiple CCD wide-field imaging camera data. This pipeline is mainly based on publicly available software modules and algorithms (EIS, FLIPS, LDAC, Terapix, Wifix).

The image was constructed from about 150 exposures in each of the following wavebands: B-band (centred at wavelength 456 nm; here rendered as blue, 15.8 hours total exposure time), V-band (540 nm; green, 15.6 hours) and R-band (652 nm; red, 17.8 hours). Only images taken under sufficiently good observing conditions (defined as seeing less than 1.1 arcsec) were included. In total, 450 images were assembled to produce this colour image, together with about as many calibration images (biases, darks and flats). More than 2 Terabyte (Tb) of temporary files were produced during the extensive data reduction. Parallel processing of all data sets took about two weeks on a four-processor Sun Enterprise 450 workstation and a 1.8 GHz dual processor Linux PC. The final colour image was assembled in Adobe Photoshop. The observations were performed by ESO (GOODS, EIS) and the COMBO-17 collaboration in the period 1/1999-10/2002.



About the Image

Release date:10 January 2003
Related releases:eso0302
Size:2591 x 2013 px

About the Object

Name:Chandra Deep Field South
Type:Early Universe : Galaxy : Grouping : Cluster
Category:Galaxy Clusters

Image Formats

Large JPEG
5.2 MB
Screensize JPEG
474.4 KB


613.9 KB
1.1 MB
1.7 MB
2.1 MB
2.9 MB