Spectrum of the planet around HR 8799 (annotated)

By studying a triple planetary system that resembles a scaled-up version of our own Sun’s family of planets, astronomers have been able to obtain the first direct spectrum of a planet around a star, thus bringing new insights into its formation and composition.The spectrum is that of a giant exoplanet, orbiting around the bright and very young star HR 8799, about 130 light-years away. This montage shows the image and the spectrum of the star and the planet as seen with the NACO adaptive optics instrument on ESO’s Very Large Telescope. As the host star is several thousand times brighter than the planet, this is a remarkable achievement at the border of what is technically possible. According to the scientists it is like trying to see what a candle is made of, by observing it from a distance of two kilometres when it’s next to a blindingly bright 300 Watt lamp. Despite the power of the VLT’s extraordinary adaptive optics system, the spectrum of the planet appears very faint, but still contains enough information for the astronomers to characterise the object. In the spectrum (right) several artefacts from the instrument are seen, such as internal reflections, or “ghosts”, and diffraction rings. Similarly, the image of the star (left) suffers from several diffraction artefacts, which should not be confused with the real signal of the exoplanet.

Crédit:

ESO/M. Janson

À propos de l'image

Identification:eso1002a
Type:Collage
Date de publication:13 janvier 2010 12:00
Communiqués de presse en rapport:eso1002
Taille:3200 x 2200 px

À propos de l'objet

Nom:HR 8799
Type:Milky Way : Star : Evolutionary Stage : Young Stellar Object
Distance:130 années lumière
Catégorie:Illustrations

Image Formats

Grand JPEG
471,5 Kio

Couleurs & filtres

DomaineTélescope
Infrarouge
Near-IR
Very Large Telescope
NACO

 

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