Publications based on XSHOOTER observations should cite the following reference paper: Vernet et al. 2011, A&A, 536A, 105
XSHOOTER in a nutshell
The XSHOOTER science case document is available here.
XSHOOTER is a multi-wavelength (300-2500 nm) medium resolution spectrograph mounted at the UT2 Cassegrain focus. It consists of three spectroscopic arms, each with optimized optics, dispersive elements, and detectors. In addition, there a fourth arm (the Acquisition and Guiding camera) can be used for a light imaging mode:
Each of the three spectroscopic arms is an independent cross dispersed echelle spectrograph completed with its own shutter and slit mask. The incoming light is split into the three different spectrographs/arms through two dichroics (cut off wavelengths are 559.5 nm and 1024 nm for the separation of the UVB-VIS light and VIS-NIR light, respectively). For each arm the spectral format is fixed. The orders in each detector are highly curved and the sky/arc lines within each order are highly tilted.
Three piezo controlled mirrors, located in front of each arm, guarantee that the optical path is maintained aligned against instrument flexure and corrected for differential atmospheric refraction between the telescope guiding wavelength and the arm central wavelengths.
Two pairs of ADC (Atmospheric Dispersion Corrector) prisms in the optical path of the UVB and VIS arm compensate for the atmospheric dispersion. No ADC is mounted in front of the NIR arm.
The Acquisition and Guiding system consists of a 1.5'x1.5' FoV technical CCD for the target acquisition. A filter wheel equipped with the Johnson and SDSS filters is available. There is no secondary guiding in XSHOOTER.
The five positions slide, located before the UVB, VIS, and NIR spectrograph, allows to insert an image slicer in the optical path and to perform IFU spectroscopy of a 1.8''x4'' FoV.
An internal calibration unit, equipped with Pen-ray (Ar, He, Neand Xe), Th-Ar, Halogen, and D2 lamps is used to produce the calibration frames (flats, arcs, order definition, format check, 2dmaps).
- UVB, covering the wavelength range 300-559.5 nm
- VIS, covering the wavelength range 559.5-1024 nm
- NIR, covering the wavelength range 1024-2480 nm
The figure below shows the schematic overview of the instrument.